﻿American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (ISSN:2637-6857)

# American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

## A mathematical model for grading clouds to study solar flares based on fuzzy c-means algorithm

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences A mathematical model for grading clouds to study solar flares based on fuzzy c-means algorithm Xiaoxi Men1, Guozhu Chen2*, Xiaoxiong Zuo3, Haijun Guo2 1.College of Electrical Engineering & New Energy, China Three Gorges University, China. 2.College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, China. 3.College of Science, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. In this paper, a cloud-level grading comprehensive evaluation model based on fuzzy c-means algorithm is established. The image is binarized by the maximum inter-class variance method to obtain the dim curve. According to the dim curve of the four quadrants, the distribution and thickness of the cloud layer are discriminated. Three attributes of the effective area of the cloud layer, the total amount of clouds, and the thickness of the cloud amount are selected as the characteristic data of the comprehensive evaluation model. Keywords:  Dim curve; Fuzzy c-means algorithm; Cloud grading ...

## Food insecurity in Nigeria and the need for effectual mitigating measures

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Food insecurity in Nigeria and the need for effectual mitigating measures Ajie E. N1.and Uche, Chima2 1. Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria 2. University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria The downward slide in Nigeria’s food production has gradually led the country into becoming a food-deficit, food importing Nation because of the discovery of petroleum. Nigeria has degenerated into a significant food importing nation because the government neglected the agricultural sector for petroleum which is seen as a much viable resource income. As a consequence, the country is plunged into food insecurity because of rising prices of imported foods. Presently, Nigeria faces food shortage challenges and hunger. Before we can adequately address the underlying problems plaguing the food security system, we need to address the factors influencing agricultural development and sustainability in the economy with a view to improving on food security. Any policy design to tackle this should include inputs supply channels, technology improvement avenues and, credits and subsidies that are not cumbersome and needed. Until we see food insecurity as a gross abuse of human right, the paradigm shift advocated may never be attained. Keywords:  Food insecurity, Nigeria, effectual mitigating measures ...

## Gender Issues on Economic Diversification Through Agriculture in Nigeria: A Thematic Discuss

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Gender Issues on Economic Diversification Through Agriculture in Nigeria: A Thematic Discuss Ajie, E. N1 and Uche, C2 1.Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. 2.University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Traditionally, the relevance of agriculture in economic development rests on the contributions of the agriculture sector in economic development and, women constitute a large proportion of agricultural labour and participants. The contributions of women to agricultural production and economic development in Nigeria are critically underrepresented in spite of the roles they play in the sector. They compete much more favourably than the men in terms of participation in agricultural activities, contributions to agriculture based economy and food security yet, are relegated in decisions concerning agricultural activities. The sustenance of agriculture and agriculture based economic diversification in Nigeria may not be feasible without an adequate recognition of women’s efforts and, therefore should be given a place of pride in decision-making in agricultural activities. Some gender based constraints have been noted to hinder women’s participation in productive agricultural activities. These gender biases exist due to customs and beliefs that confine women to the background. Gender mainstreaming remains one of the options in diversifying the economy with guaranteed effective women participation. It is suggested that Government policies and programs designed to stimulate agricultural production, should take into account the role of women. A gender dimension may be incorporated into all phases of the policy cycle. This should describe in detail a format of how gender can be mainstreamed in every phase of the policy cycle. Keywords:  Gender Issues, Economic Diversification, Agriculture in Nigeria ...

## Influential Factors of Success Level of Agricultural Counseling and Technical Companies from Tabriz Town Farmers and Technical-Counseling Companies’ Perspective

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Influential Factors of Success Level of Agricultural Counseling and Technical Companies from Tabriz Town Farmers and Technical-Counseling Companies’ Perspective Akbar Ranjgaran1, Javad Mahmoodi Karamjavan2 , Reza Montazer Sadeg3 1.Former M.Sc student, Slamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; .Asistance professor, 2Department of Agriculture Economy, Slamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; 3.Executive Manager, Emdad Keshavarz Tabriz Co., Tabriz, Iran The aim of current investigation was to study influential factors of success level of technical and counseling companies from Tabriz Town farmers and technical-counseling companies’ perspective. Present research is of applied type. Statistical population of current study involves 131 leading farmers of Tabriz city and 45 technical counseling companies that are working at four districts of Khosroshahr,Basmenj, Tabriz Suburban and Espiran. Most of the study farmers were male, married, able to read and write (graduation level), with average age 46. The highest percent of the distribution was dedicated to lands 1-5 hectares with 56.48%. Most farmers showed their personal tendency of referring to the company expert’s office, announcing that personal referral has the highest advantage for them. Moreover, from these framers’ perspective, the most important barriers on the way of cooperating with the companies are costs imposed to them by the companies. According to these farmers, the indexes of company’s help in solving farmers’ problems, feeling free in solving regional issues and the role of researches in solving their problems had the lowest effects in company’s success in the field of providing service to the famers. Results of stepwise (multivariate) regression from farmers’ perspective indicated that 11independent variables remained in the final model. In this regression, the coefficient of determination of the variables was 83%, F-value of the table was 7.23%and its level of significance was 0.0085. Results of stepwise regression ...

Associate professor (lecturer and Scientific Researcher), Department of Chemistry, Dr. Moulay Taher University

Dr. Alfred DACI
Polytechnic University of Tirana, Mathematical and Physical Engineering Faculty, Department of Mathematics

PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str.

Dr. Raga Mohamed Elzaki Ali
Department of Consumer Sciences and Agribusiness, College of Agricultural and Food Sciences, King Faisal University

Dr. Shankar T Battase
Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Commerce and Management, Govt. First Grade College Sindagi

Dr. ABHISHEK SHUKLA
Assistant Professor, R.D. Engineering College Technical Campus, Ghaziabad

Research Officer, Lincoln University

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers:

1.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L. Odontologic atention on oncological practice.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1805
2.Ramos L.V.S, Santos G..; Lima L.F.A, França L.C. , Santana J. F., Trindade M. O.Polysomnography and bruxism.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:3. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1803

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fee: The authors will be contacted about the publication fee after a manuscript have been accepted.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly and send a notice to authors with the links of the paper.

Open Access

American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Basic and Applied Sciences (Indexing details).

Peer Review

To ensure the quality of the publications, all submitted manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by invited experts in the field. The decisions of editors will be made based on the comments of the reviewers.

Rapid Publication

Time to first decision: within 2 days for initial decision without review, 18 days with review; Time to publication: Accepted articles will be published online within 2 days, and final corrected versions by authors will be accessible within 5 days.  More details....

Rapid Response Team

Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer you shortly.