American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences


Gender Issues on Economic Diversification Through Agriculture in Nigeria: A Thematic Discuss

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Gender Issues on Economic Diversification Through Agriculture in Nigeria: A Thematic Discuss Ajie, E. N1 and Uche, C2 1.Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. 2.University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Traditionally, the relevance of agriculture in economic development rests on the contributions of the agriculture sector in economic development and, women constitute a large proportion of agricultural labour and participants. The contributions of women to agricultural production and economic development in Nigeria are critically underrepresented in spite of the roles they play in the sector. They compete much more favourably than the men in terms of participation in agricultural activities, contributions to agriculture based economy and food security yet, are relegated in decisions concerning agricultural activities. The sustenance of agriculture and agriculture based economic diversification in Nigeria may not be feasible without an adequate recognition of women’s efforts and, therefore should be given a place of pride in decision-making in agricultural activities. Some gender based constraints have been noted to hinder women’s participation in productive agricultural activities. These gender biases exist due to customs and beliefs that confine women to the background. Gender mainstreaming remains one of the options in diversifying the economy with guaranteed effective women participation. It is suggested that Government policies and programs designed to stimulate agricultural production, should take into account the role of women. A gender dimension may be incorporated into all phases of the policy cycle. This should describe in detail a format of how gender can be mainstreamed in every phase of the policy cycle. Keywords:  Gender Issues, Economic Diversification, Agriculture in Nigeria ...

Influential Factors of Success Level of Agricultural Counseling and Technical Companies from Tabriz Town Farmers and Technical-Counseling Companies’ Perspective

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Influential Factors of Success Level of Agricultural Counseling and Technical Companies from Tabriz Town Farmers and Technical-Counseling Companies’ Perspective Akbar Ranjgaran1, Javad Mahmoodi Karamjavan2 , Reza Montazer Sadeg3 1.Former M.Sc student, Slamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; .Asistance professor, 2Department of Agriculture Economy, Slamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran; 3.Executive Manager, Emdad Keshavarz Tabriz Co., Tabriz, Iran The aim of current investigation was to study influential factors of success level of technical and counseling companies from Tabriz Town farmers and technical-counseling companies’ perspective. Present research is of applied type. Statistical population of current study involves 131 leading farmers of Tabriz city and 45 technical counseling companies that are working at four districts of Khosroshahr,Basmenj, Tabriz Suburban and Espiran. Most of the study farmers were male, married, able to read and write (graduation level), with average age 46. The highest percent of the distribution was dedicated to lands 1-5 hectares with 56.48%. Most farmers showed their personal tendency of referring to the company expert’s office, announcing that personal referral has the highest advantage for them. Moreover, from these framers’ perspective, the most important barriers on the way of cooperating with the companies are costs imposed to them by the companies. According to these farmers, the indexes of company’s help in solving farmers’ problems, feeling free in solving regional issues and the role of researches in solving their problems had the lowest effects in company’s success in the field of providing service to the famers. Results of stepwise (multivariate) regression from farmers’ perspective indicated that 11independent variables remained in the final model. In this regression, the coefficient of determination of the variables was 83%, F-value of the table was 7.23%and its level of significance was 0.0085. Results of stepwise regression ...

Monte Carlo Simulation for Modified Parametric Of Sample Selection Models Through Fuzzy Approach

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Monte Carlo Simulation for Modified Parametric Of Sample Selection Models Through Fuzzy Approach Yaya Sudarya Triana Information Systems Department Information System, Universitas Mercu Buana Jakarta, Indonesia The sample selection model is a combination of the regression and probit models. The models are usually estimated by Heckman’s two-step estimator. However, Heckman’s two-step estimator often performs poorly. In the context of parametric methods, the sample selection model is studied. The best approach is to take advantage of the tools provided by the theory of fuzzy sets. It appears very suitable for modeling vague concepts. It is difficult to determine some of the criteria and arrive at a quantitative value. Fuzzy sets theory and its properties through the concept of fuzzy number. The fuzzy function used for solving uncertain of a parametric sample selection model. Estimates from the fuzzy are used to calculate some of equation of the sample selection model. Finally, estimates of the Mean, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the other estimators can be obtained by Heckman two-step estimator through iteration from some parameters and some of values. Keywords:  Fuzzy, Heckman’s, Monte Carlo, Sample selection model, Simulation ...

Odontologic atention on oncological practice

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Odontologic atention on oncological practice Melo, M.C.F¹, Macêdo, T.S², Oliveira, J.C³, Araújo, M.G.C4, Vidal, A.K.L5 ¹Cirurgiã-Dentista, Especialista em Periodontia, Residente do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco, ICB/HUOC/UPE. 2,3,4 Cirurgiãs-Dentistas residentes do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco- ICB/HUOC/UPE. 5Profa. Dra. Adjunta Regente da Disciplina de Processos Patológicos Gerais- ICB/UPE, Cirurgiã-Dentista Chefe do Serviço de Odontologia–CEON/HUOC/UPE, Coordenadora do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco- ICB/HUOC/UPE. Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, cancer is a public health problem, especially among developing countries, where it is expected that in the coming decades, the impact of the disease on the population will correspond to 80% of the more than 20 million cases new estimates for 2025. Despite the advances in the technologies and drugs of antineoplastic therapy, several oral repercussions can be observed. Thus, dentistry plays a fundamental role in the restoration of general health and, consequently, the quality of life of these individuals. Objectives: To verify the dental assistance in the oncological practice. Methodology: Literature review where we searched for published articles available on the internet in the database systems: Medlars on line International Literature (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs) and Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) present on the website of the Virtual Health Library (BVS). Results and Discussion: The literature evidences the need for oral-dental care and the inclusion of the dental surgeon in the multi and inter-transdisciplinary medical team required for good oncological practice. The literature is unanimous in indicating the need for medical intervention with the support of a multidisciplinary health team, including dental surgeon, in order to ensure ...

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American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

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