American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

Alzheimer: a challenge for assistance and the role of nurse educators

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Alzheimer: a challenge for assistance and the role of nurse educators Araújo M.G1, Cruz Júnior A.A2, Macedo J.M.Q.³, Lima M.E.A4, Menezes R.S5, Medeiros J.P6 1,2,3,4,5Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 6Doutora em Ciência Veterinária, Professora Adjunta do Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia – UFPE Introduction: The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has increased worldwide as the population over 65 years old increases. According to Alzheimer’s disease this disease is a type of dementia that affects 35.6 million people worldwide. Although educating and assisting are really important, when it comes to a degenerative disease in which the patient has difficulty acting on his own behalf, it becomes arduous the educational and care procedures aimed at the care recipient and their families. Objectives: to verify the main challenges of the educator and care role of the patient without development of Alzheimer’s disease. Metrology: For an elaboration of the review was carried out for the literature in the SciELO (Online Electronic Scientific Library) database using nursing and Alzheimer’s disease. Applying the cut of the last 3 years (2015-2017), 11 were found which composes the bibliographic review. Results and Discussions: There was a shortage of medical care instruments in AD by nurses. Consequently, the lack of clarification for family members regarding continuity of care is evident, since it is essential or estimated cognitive by the family, in order to make patients independent. This in fact emphasizes the role of nurse educator in elucidating family members about the practice of care and the development of the disease. Conclusion: Associating cognitive stimulation with drug treatment and possible attenuation as sequelae of the disease. Activities such as manual practices, reading, dancing, identification of objects and temporal orientation, can awaken greater stability. Thus, the nursing professional favors ...

The prevalence of spinal cord injury in young adults in Brazil

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences The prevalence of spinal cord injury in young adults in Brazil Oliveira, N.K.B1; Silva, L.A2; Bomfim, P.P3; Dias, E4; Azevedo, I.G.B5; Amorim, E.S6. 1,2,3Graduando da Faculdade Nossa Senhora das Graças – FENSG/UPE4Enfermeiro; 5Enfermeiro. Especialista em Emergência e UTI. Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife-PE-Brasil; 6Docente, Pesquisadora do Programa de Ensino e Pesquisa em Acidentes e Violências – PEPEAV. Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife- PE-Brasil Introduction: Spinal cord injury (MRT) is a traumatic external injury that compromises or not the function of the spinal cord or nerve roots. In Brazil it is estimated that about 40 new cases per year per million inhabitants occur. OBJECTIVES: To compare scientific publications through an integrative review, related to the prevalence of MRT in young adults in Brazil. Methodology: This is an integrative review based on articles from LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences) and SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), published from 2007 to 2017. It was built in the following phases: 1) problem formulation 2) data collection 3) data evaluation 4) analysis and interpretation 5) presentation of results. Results and Discussion: It was observed that the articles found that deal with spinal cord trauma, point to the prevalence of MRT in an age group that picks up from childhood the old age being more recurrent in young male adults. The results reveal that accidents involving cervical trauma are more frequent in the age group of 20- to 30-year-old males. It has also been observed in state hospitals that TRM injuries generate a longer time of hospitalization and, consequently, an increase in hospitalization costs. The main etiologies of TRM were falls and traffic accidents with cars and motorcycles. Conclusion: It is extremely important to educate the population about the risks of TRM through health education, ...

Dr. Boumediene Haddad
Associate professor (lecturer and Scientific Researcher), Department of Chemistry, Dr. Moulay Taher University

Dr. Alfred DACI
Polytechnic University of Tirana, Mathematical and Physical Engineering Faculty, Department of Mathematics

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. 

Dr. Raga Mohamed Elzaki Ali
Department of Consumer Sciences and Agribusiness, College of Agricultural and Food Sciences, King Faisal University

Dr. Shankar T Battase
Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Commerce and Management, Govt. First Grade College Sindagi

Assistant Professor, R.D. Engineering College Technical Campus, Ghaziabad

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

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1.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L. Odontologic atention on oncological practice.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1805 
2.Ramos L.V.S, Santos G..; Lima L.F.A, França L.C. , Santana J. F., Trindade M. O.Polysomnography and bruxism.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:3. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1803

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American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences