American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences


Monte Carlo Simulation for Modified Parametric Of Sample Selection Models Through Fuzzy Approach

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Monte Carlo Simulation for Modified Parametric Of Sample Selection Models Through Fuzzy Approach Yaya Sudarya Triana Information Systems Department Information System, Universitas Mercu Buana Jakarta, Indonesia The sample selection model is a combination of the regression and probit models. The models are usually estimated by Heckman’s two-step estimator. However, Heckman’s two-step estimator often performs poorly. In the context of parametric methods, the sample selection model is studied. The best approach is to take advantage of the tools provided by the theory of fuzzy sets. It appears very suitable for modeling vague concepts. It is difficult to determine some of the criteria and arrive at a quantitative value. Fuzzy sets theory and its properties through the concept of fuzzy number. The fuzzy function used for solving uncertain of a parametric sample selection model. Estimates from the fuzzy are used to calculate some of equation of the sample selection model. Finally, estimates of the Mean, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the other estimators can be obtained by Heckman two-step estimator through iteration from some parameters and some of values. Keywords:  Fuzzy, Heckman’s, Monte Carlo, Sample selection model, Simulation ...

Odontologic atention on oncological practice

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Odontologic atention on oncological practice Melo, M.C.F¹, Macêdo, T.S², Oliveira, J.C³, Araújo, M.G.C4, Vidal, A.K.L5 ¹Cirurgiã-Dentista, Especialista em Periodontia, Residente do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco, ICB/HUOC/UPE. 2,3,4 Cirurgiãs-Dentistas residentes do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco- ICB/HUOC/UPE. 5Profa. Dra. Adjunta Regente da Disciplina de Processos Patológicos Gerais- ICB/UPE, Cirurgiã-Dentista Chefe do Serviço de Odontologia–CEON/HUOC/UPE, Coordenadora do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco- ICB/HUOC/UPE. Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, cancer is a public health problem, especially among developing countries, where it is expected that in the coming decades, the impact of the disease on the population will correspond to 80% of the more than 20 million cases new estimates for 2025. Despite the advances in the technologies and drugs of antineoplastic therapy, several oral repercussions can be observed. Thus, dentistry plays a fundamental role in the restoration of general health and, consequently, the quality of life of these individuals. Objectives: To verify the dental assistance in the oncological practice. Methodology: Literature review where we searched for published articles available on the internet in the database systems: Medlars on line International Literature (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs) and Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) present on the website of the Virtual Health Library (BVS). Results and Discussion: The literature evidences the need for oral-dental care and the inclusion of the dental surgeon in the multi and inter-transdisciplinary medical team required for good oncological practice. The literature is unanimous in indicating the need for medical intervention with the support of a multidisciplinary health team, including dental surgeon, in order to ensure ...

Odor evaluation scales for neoplastic wounds: an integrating review

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Odor evaluation scales for neoplastic wounds: an integrating review Santos H.N.F.L1, Souza M.A.O2, Souza N.R3, Almeida G.L4, Melo J.T.S5, Santos I. C.R.V6 1Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem pela Universidade de Pernambuco. Faculdade de Enfermagem Nossa Senhora das Graças. Recife-PE-Brasil. 2Enfermeiro Doutorando de Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu da Universidade de Pernambuco. Recife-PE-Brasil; 3,4 Enfermeiro Mestrando de Enfermagem do Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu da Universidade de Pernambuco. Recife-PE Brasil; 5Enfermeira. Residente de Enfermagem em Traumato-Ortopedia pelo Hospital Getúlio Vargas. Recife-PE-Brasil; 6Enfermeira, Doutora, Docente do curso de Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco e Coordenadora do Grupo de Pesquisa em Estomaterapia. Recife-PE-Brasil Introduction: Cancer is a public health problem, and among patients with neoplasias, 5 to 10% will develop disease-related wounds where they affect the quality of life of the patient. Odor is the most prevalent symptomatology and requires frequent assessment to identify appropriate conduct and necessary adjustments. Objective: To verify the existence of odor evaluation instruments in neoplastic wounds. Methodology: This is an integrative review of the literature. The bibliographical survey was performed from September to October 2016 in the databases Lilacs, SciELO, IBECS and MEDLINE, with no time limit. Original articles were included in Portuguese, Spanish and English, published in full and electronically available, totaling 15 articles. Results and Discussion: Among the symptoms of neoplastic wounds, bad odor is one of the most complex to address and should be explored carefully and scientifically, for decision-making and interventions. In this research were found only scales and no instrument. Nine assessment scales were found, most of them produced by nurses, who evaluated only the intensity of the odor, and only two evaluated the distance and intensity. The most used scale was the qualitative and quantitative odor evaluation guide, designed to ...

Polysomnography and bruxism

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Polysomnography and bruxism Ramos L.V.S1, Santos G..2; Lima L.F.A3, França L.C. 4, Santana J. F.5, Trindade M. O.6 1,2,3,4,5Student of the Dentistry Course - UFPE; 6Teacher Department of Prosthesis and Buco Facial Surgery – UFPE Introduction: Bruxism is a parafunctional oral activity that includes tightening, grinding and clapping teeth during sleep or wakefulness. Sleep bruxism (BS) is detected by electromyography (EMG) through the recording of masticatory muscle function during sleep. The EMG should be part of a more comprehensive examination, the polysomnography (PSG). Objectives: To analyze the polysomnographic aspects of bruxism and its relation to sleep disorders. Methodology: An integrative review was carried out in MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SCIELO databases, with publications between 2012 and 2017, in Portuguese and English, using the descriptors: “Bruxism” and “Polissonography”. Result: 83 related articles were found, of which 3 served as theoretical basis. Discussion: PSG records the main nocturnal physiological events through electrodes and sensors arranged along the skull, which allows the identification of disorders, such as BS. In addition to the EMG there is the use of electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, electro-oculogram and respiratory activity. PSG characterizes bruxism as abnormal continuous or intercalated peaks of temporo-massetric activity. During sleep, in normal individuals, physiologically, there are up to two mandibular movements per hour, but in the pathological state this happens four to twelve times an hour. Bruxism events occur mainly during light sleep (non-REM) and are usually associated with brief non-periodic body movements and micro-awakenings, which generate sleep fragmentation. It is believed that BS is one of the last events following brain and cardiac activations of micro arousers in response to respiratory obstruction. Conclusion: The aetiopathogenesis of BS is multifactorial, covering hereditary factors, disorders of the nervous system, micro-arousals, stress and anxiety. Thus the treatment ...

Dr. Boumediene Haddad
Associate professor (lecturer and Scientific Researcher), Department of Chemistry, Dr. Moulay Taher University

Dr. Alfred DACI
Polytechnic University of Tirana, Mathematical and Physical Engineering Faculty, Department of Mathematics

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. 

Dr. Raga Mohamed Elzaki Ali
Department of Consumer Sciences and Agribusiness, College of Agricultural and Food Sciences, King Faisal University

Dr. Shankar T Battase
Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Commerce and Management, Govt. First Grade College Sindagi

Dr. ABHISHEK SHUKLA
Assistant Professor, R.D. Engineering College Technical Campus, Ghaziabad

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

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1.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L. Odontologic atention on oncological practice.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:5. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1805 
2.Ramos L.V.S, Santos G..; Lima L.F.A, França L.C. , Santana J. F., Trindade M. O.Polysomnography and bruxism.American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2018, 1:3. DOI:10.28933/ajbas-2018-06-1803

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