American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience

Development of Rainfall Runoff Modeling in Matlab Environment

The aim of this study is to understand the basic concept and parameters of rainfall-runoff model, and how that concept applies in model as well. And familiar with how to build/develop the models of rainfall-runoff, with more about the practical situations by considering corresponding different parameters according to the seasonal conditions (for example snowfall in winter season and its role according to the temperature), hydrological conditions of site also. Matlab is used as a tool for the developing this model. This type of models are very much useful to calculate the, how much water will enter in to deeper layers of sub-soil surfaces, when rainfall occurs and to calculate the total amount water losses in different forms (for example evaporation from land and transpiration from vegetation and trees) also. Get good experience while working with Matlab to develop the individual group model and while observing the already given scrip for example model to understand as well. While working with this exercise, got good questions about concept and parameters concerned for model development and had good discussion with in the working group and with available assistance/staff.

Orobanche Species distribution and severity of infested areas in south and north Wollo zones of Amhara region, Ethiopia

Broomrapes (Orobanche species) are obligate holoparasitic flowering plant. Orobanche species are root parasite which can damage the crops underground before the weed emerged. Complete faba bean yield loss by this weed forced farmers to replace faba bean by cereal crops. The distribution of the weed is increasing annually. To obtain relevant information on the introduction and distribution of the weed, survey was conducted on randomly selected 72 farmers’ fields in 12 woredas in two zones, south and north Wollo. Four woredas, Kutaber, Dessie-zuria, Tenta and Mekidela are out of legumes production in south Wollo. In this survey, information was also gathered regarding farmers attitude and local control practices. Farmers practice is hand weeding but Orobanche shoots were emerged again in doubling and tripling. We cannot stop the dissemination of the weed due to the nature of dispersed agents such as wind, flood, farm machinery, crop seeds, animals, humans etc and the undulating features of the areas are all favorable agents to disperse the minute seeds of the parasitic weed and are beyond our capacity to control them, but we may bring a solution by multi-sector approach through developing resistant varieties using molecular breeding and with chemical control measures.

Different statistical methods to collect information about the adverse effects of climatic factors on cotton production

This study investigates the statistical relationship between various climatic factors and overall flower and boll production. Also, predicting effects of climatic factors during different convenient intervals (in days) on cotton flower and boll production compared with daily observations. Further, collects information about the nature of the relationship between various climatic factors and cotton boll development and the 15-day period both prior to and after initiation of individual bolls. And, provide information on the effect of various climatic factors and soil moisture status during the development stage on flower and boll production in cotton. Evaporation, sunshine duration, relative humidity, surface soil temperature at 1800 h, and maximum air temperature, are the important climatic factors that significantly affect flower and boll production. The five-day interval was found to be more adequately and sensibly related to yield parameters. Evaporation; minimum humidity and sunshine duration were the most effective climatic factors during preceding and succeeding periods on boll production and retention. There was a negative correlation between flower and boll production and either evaporation or sunshine duration, while that correlation with minimum relative humidity was positive.

Dr. Jamunarani Veeraraghavan
Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, Texas

Dr. Moustafa M. Zeitoun
Professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, El-Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
Scientist-C, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, North East Unit, Vivek Vihar, Itanagar-791113, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Dr. Surabhi Mishra
Resarch Scientist, Dept. of Microbiology, University of Iowa, IA – 52242

Dr. Miriam-Rose Menezes
UTHealth Science Center Houston

Dr. Yan Zhou
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA

Dr. Richa Madan Lomash
Research Fellow, Receptor Biology Unit (NINDS), NIH, Bethesda (MD), USA

Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio, Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti (IT)

Dr. Sirisha Adamala
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Engineering, Vignan’s University

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Moustafa Mohamed Sabry Bakry
Plant Protection Research Institute Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.R. M. AKPLOGAN, G. H. T. CACAÏ, S. S. HOUEDJISSIN, V.MÈGNIKPA, C. AHANHANZ.Influence of mercuric chloride and sodium hypochlorite on apical and axillary buds regeneration of Colocasia esculenta in tissue culture. American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, 2018; 2:10. DOI: 10.28933/ajbb-2018-11-1908 
2.Bienvenu T. Badou, Arnaud Agbidinoukoun, Gilles T.H. Cacaï, René C. Dossoukpèvi and Corneille Ahanhanzo. Effects of system benzylaminopurine-adenine sulphate in combination with naphthalene acetic on in vitro regeneration and proliferation of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Mill var. comosus). American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, 2018; 2:9.. DOI: 10.28933/ajbb-2018-05-1801 

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fee: The authors will be contacted about the publication fee after a manuscript have been accepted.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly and send a notice to authors with the links of the paper.

Open Access
American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Biotechnology and Bioscience (Indexing information).

Peer Review
To ensure the quality of the publications, all submitted manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by invited experts in the field. The decisions of editors will be made based on the comments of the reviewers.

Rapid Publication
Time to first decision: within 2 days for initial decision without review, 18 days with review; Time to publication: Accepted articles will be published online within 2 days, and final corrected versions by authors will be accessible within 5 days.  More details....

Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience