American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews


Hematological Change in Dogs Infected by Babesia Canis From Recife/Pernambuco

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Hematological Change in Dogs Infected by Babesia Canis From Recife/Pernambuco Osório, M.O1, Albuquerque, E.N2, Accioly, C.C3, Behar, J.N.P4 1,2,3Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - IMIP, Tutora do Curso de Psicologia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS 4Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP Introduction: The canine babesiosis is a disease caused by the intra-erythrocyte hematozoa Babesia canis, B. gibsoni and B. vogeli, mainly transmitted by Rhipicefalus sanguineus tick. In Brazil, the most common species is B. canis. Cases of canine babesiosis have been reported in several Brazilian states, and may cause serious damage to the health of animals. Objective: this study aims to analyze the hematological alterations of dogs treated at a veterinary clinic. Methodology: the research was retrospective, exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional with quantitative-qualitative approach, and it was carried out at the clinic Bicho Estimado - Cordeiro, Recife-PE. Data collection was performed in the database of the Clinic laboratory, where reports of complete blood count and hematozoal examination were consulted, referring to the period from May 2012 to December 2014. Results: 716 laboratory reports were analyzed. A mean positivity of 20.11% was found for canine babesiosis, diagnosed by the blood draw technique stained by Giemsa. With regard to the hemogram, the following results were obtained: erythrocytes with an average value of 5.36 million/μL [reference value (VR)= 5,5 to 8,5] and platelets 183.5 thousand/μL (200-500 thousand/μL). Discussion: The hemogram showed the presence of anemia, with values of hemoglobin below the reference values. In the leukogram, monocytopenia and mild neutrophilia were observed. He also had thrombocytopenia and a high positivity for babesia. Conclusion: the results showed that babesiosis affects dogs of this region with a relevant frequency, causing alterations in some hematological parameters ...

Psychological Care Occurs in Pre and Postoperative Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Psychological Care Occurs in Pre and Postoperative Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery Osório, M.O1, Albuquerque, E.N2, Accioly, C.C3, Behar, J.N.P4 1,2,3Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - IMIP, Tutora do Curso de Psicologia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS 4Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases affect many individuals and their medical evaluation identifies the need for surgery, such as myocardial revascularization, valve replacement, among others. Cardiac valve replacement is a possibility for patients to promote their quality of life, which requires the performance of a multidisciplinary team, and the psychological support to the patient collaborates for its recovery. Objective: To describe how psychological care occurs in pre and postoperative cardiac valve replacement surgery. Methodology: Experience report. Results and discussion: In the preoperative period of this surgery, the psychologist performs an interview to evaluate the patient, analyzes whether he has a history of mental disorder and establishes a host and attachment for follow-up, and in the postoperative period, focuses on recovery and psychological support to the patient, aiming to raise awareness of the quality of life. Conclusion: The insertion of the psychologist in the health team is essential for the patient care in this surgery, offering psychological support and speech space to express the patient’s desires before surgery and the chronicity of this disease. Keywords: Cardiac surgery; Valvar replacement; Psychology ...

Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients Gomes, K.K.L¹; Lima, A.A.F² 1Enfermeira da Atenção Básica e Especialista em Saúde da Família; ²Psicóloga do NASF e Especialista em Saúde Mental e Dependência Química Introduction: Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and plays a central role in the metabolic syndrome, which involves hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The prevalence of hypertension is about 3 times higher in obese patients. In the treatment of hypertension associated with obesity the decrease of the BMI plays central role in the reduction of the pressure. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of obesity in hypertensive patients. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of the documental type with a quantitative approach was carried out from 150 medical records of adult hypertensive patients followed up by the HIPERDIA program in the first half of 2017 at the Pororoca basic health unit in the municipality of Santa Cecília -PB. The body mass index was used to classify the nutritional status. Results and Discussion: 51% female, 49% male. 10% adequate weight, 65% overweight and 25% obesity. The prevalence of obesity in the studied population was 25%, while 65% of the sample were overweight. Only a small part, 10%, was found as the proper weight. There was no discrepancy in the percentage of male and female users. Conclusion: The results of the present study show a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, reinforcing the need for strategies that promote the reduction of obesity among hypertensive individuals. For this, the identification of obesity should be part of the routine actions of basic attention to the health of the hypertensive ones. Keywords: Basic Attention; Hypertension; Obesity ...

Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing

Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing Francisco, J.A1; Anjos, K.R.B2; Melo, C.M.C.S3; Oliveira, J.E.F4; Araújo, A.A5; Cabral, J.V.B6 1Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 2,3,4,5Estudantes do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE, 6Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Enfermagem – UFPE. A Introduction: Systemic arterial hypertension is a multifactorial clinical condition characterized by elevated and sustained blood pressure levels, which when not adequately treated causes temporary and / or permanent complications. Constantly associated with injuries such as cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure and renal and vascular disease of extremities. Objective: Describe nursing care in systemic arterial hypertension, with emphasis on health education for patients and their families. Methodology: An integrative review was performed using articles as criteria between 2013 and 2017, combining the descriptors: nursing care, health education and hypertension, in the electronic databases Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SCIELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE). We selected 67 articles initially and after reading the titles and summaries of them, only 12 presented a relation with the researched topic. Being 02 from SCIELO, 05 from LILACS and 05 from MEDLINE. Results and Discussion: In the context of systemic arterial hypertension, the nurse should assist the client, assist him in controlling blood pressure levels and in the development of skills and attitudes that provide effective self-care, such as stimulating the modification of unfavorable habits. For this, it is essential that the interaction between professional and client takes place in an effective way, with the purpose of enabling adherence to treatment. As part of this process, in addition to individual monthly consultations it is necessary to have group activities addressing hypertension, guiding control measures and encouraging the continuity of treatment ...

Dr. Arnon Blum
Professor and Head of the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Bar Ilan University

Dr. Antonio Manenti
Associated Professor of Surgery at the University of Modena (Italy)

Dr. Luca Zanoli
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, School of Nephrology, University of Catania, Italy

Dr. Ravinder Reddy Gaddam
Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa, USA

Dr. Richard Kones
Director, MD, FAHA, FESC, FRSM, FCCP, FAGS, FRSH, FRSB, Cardiometabolic Research Institute, 8181 Fannin St, Bldg 3, Unit 314, Houston, TX 77054 USA

Dr. Erich Cosmi
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padua, Italy

Dr. Elena Cavarretta
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, corso della Repubblica 79, 04100 Latina Italy

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1.Suwarna Tambade, Sagar Bhalerao, Rucha Sule, Rajnish Nagarkar. Chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity: Preliminary report from a tertiary cancer centre in India.American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:7. DOI:10.28933/ajcrar-2018-10-0501 
2.Sudeb Mukherjee. RVOT Septal Pacing: Short review of History and Technical Requirements for successful implantation. .American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:6 

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American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4935; doi:10.28933/ajcrar) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Cardiology Research and Reviews   (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews

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