American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews

Psychological Care Occurs in Pre and Postoperative Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Psychological Care Occurs in Pre and Postoperative Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery Osório, M.O1, Albuquerque, E.N2, Accioly, C.C3, Behar, J.N.P4 1,2,3Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - IMIP, Tutora do Curso de Psicologia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS 4Psicóloga do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases affect many individuals and their medical evaluation identifies the need for surgery, such as myocardial revascularization, valve replacement, among others. Cardiac valve replacement is a possibility for patients to promote their quality of life, which requires the performance of a multidisciplinary team, and the psychological support to the patient collaborates for its recovery. Objective: To describe how psychological care occurs in pre and postoperative cardiac valve replacement surgery. Methodology: Experience report. Results and discussion: In the preoperative period of this surgery, the psychologist performs an interview to evaluate the patient, analyzes whether he has a history of mental disorder and establishes a host and attachment for follow-up, and in the postoperative period, focuses on recovery and psychological support to the patient, aiming to raise awareness of the quality of life. Conclusion: The insertion of the psychologist in the health team is essential for the patient care in this surgery, offering psychological support and speech space to express the patient’s desires before surgery and the chronicity of this disease. Keywords: Cardiac surgery; Valvar replacement; Psychology ...

Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients Gomes, K.K.L¹; Lima, A.A.F² 1Enfermeira da Atenção Básica e Especialista em Saúde da Família; ²Psicóloga do NASF e Especialista em Saúde Mental e Dependência Química Introduction: Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and plays a central role in the metabolic syndrome, which involves hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The prevalence of hypertension is about 3 times higher in obese patients. In the treatment of hypertension associated with obesity the decrease of the BMI plays central role in the reduction of the pressure. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of obesity in hypertensive patients. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of the documental type with a quantitative approach was carried out from 150 medical records of adult hypertensive patients followed up by the HIPERDIA program in the first half of 2017 at the Pororoca basic health unit in the municipality of Santa Cecília -PB. The body mass index was used to classify the nutritional status. Results and Discussion: 51% female, 49% male. 10% adequate weight, 65% overweight and 25% obesity. The prevalence of obesity in the studied population was 25%, while 65% of the sample were overweight. Only a small part, 10%, was found as the proper weight. There was no discrepancy in the percentage of male and female users. Conclusion: The results of the present study show a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, reinforcing the need for strategies that promote the reduction of obesity among hypertensive individuals. For this, the identification of obesity should be part of the routine actions of basic attention to the health of the hypertensive ones. Keywords: Basic Attention; Hypertension; Obesity ...

Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing

Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing Francisco, J.A1; Anjos, K.R.B2; Melo, C.M.C.S3; Oliveira, J.E.F4; Araújo, A.A5; Cabral, J.V.B6 1Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 2,3,4,5Estudantes do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE, 6Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Enfermagem – UFPE. A Introduction: Systemic arterial hypertension is a multifactorial clinical condition characterized by elevated and sustained blood pressure levels, which when not adequately treated causes temporary and / or permanent complications. Constantly associated with injuries such as cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure and renal and vascular disease of extremities. Objective: Describe nursing care in systemic arterial hypertension, with emphasis on health education for patients and their families. Methodology: An integrative review was performed using articles as criteria between 2013 and 2017, combining the descriptors: nursing care, health education and hypertension, in the electronic databases Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SCIELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE). We selected 67 articles initially and after reading the titles and summaries of them, only 12 presented a relation with the researched topic. Being 02 from SCIELO, 05 from LILACS and 05 from MEDLINE. Results and Discussion: In the context of systemic arterial hypertension, the nurse should assist the client, assist him in controlling blood pressure levels and in the development of skills and attitudes that provide effective self-care, such as stimulating the modification of unfavorable habits. For this, it is essential that the interaction between professional and client takes place in an effective way, with the purpose of enabling adherence to treatment. As part of this process, in addition to individual monthly consultations it is necessary to have group activities addressing hypertension, guiding control measures and encouraging the continuity of treatment ...

Multidisciplinary Care in Elderly Patients With Immobility Due to Femur Fractures

Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Multidisciplinary Care in Elderly Patients With Immobility Due to Femur Fractures Lucena, L.C.C.L1; Queiroz, R.C.S1; Lucena Neto, I.G2 1Acadêmicas do 6º Período do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco/Campus Acadêmico do Agreste / Núcleo de Ciências da Vida – UFPE/CAA/NCV. 2Neurologista do Hospital Mestre Vitalino em Caruaru-PE. Introduction: the aging of the brazilian population is a growing and inevitable phenomenon. Concomitantly, Brazil has a high number of cases of femur fractures in the elderly due to its propensity for falls and osteoporosis. There were more than 180,000 cases between 2008 and 2012, generating a great economic and social impact, as well as being responsible for a high morbidity and mortality rate in this population. Objective: this study aims to highlight the importance of the multidisciplinary care of immobilized elderly as a result of femur fractures. Methodology: a bibliographic review was performed through the electronic databases Scielo, Uptodate and Pubmed with the following descriptors “idosos E fratura de fêmur E cuidado” and “elderly AND femoral fracture AND care”. Out of the articles found, 7 were selected that were published in Portuguese and English between 2010 and 2017. Results and Discussion: femur fractures have a great impact on the health of the elderly. Most of the procedures for the treatment of these fractures have a surgical approach. However, due to the general state of this population, conservative treatments are sometimes chosen. Many of these patients become bedridden, generating some degree of functional dependency. In addition, an estimated one-third of elderly patients with a femur fracture are estimated to die within a year. Conclusion: considering that the brazilian elderly population is increasing, it should be expected the increase in cases of femur fracture. It is important that health professionals who work with ...

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. Hongmei YANG. A study on the Management Mode of Modern Vocational Education in China. Global journal of Economics and Business Administration, 2018, 3: 10.DOI: 10.28933/gjeba-2018-07-2301 

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fees: We do not charge any submission charges, but authors are required to pay publication fees after their manuscripts are accepted for publication. For authors who receive our invitations, please send us the invitation code to receive the special discount.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly.

Withdrawal Policy: When you want to withdraw an article, please contact us. We will withdraw/retract it from our system after reviewing your request.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/Disclaimer/Other Policies: you agree that by using or receiving our services, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies.

About the journal
The journal is hosted by eSciPub LLC. Our aim is to provide a platform that encourages publication of the most recent research and reviews for authors from all countries.

About the publisher
eSciPub LLC is a publisher to support Open Access initiative located in Houston, Texas, USA. It is a member of the largest community of professional publishers in the United States: the Independent Book Publishers Association. It hosts more than 100 Open Access journals in Medicine, Business & Economics, Agriculture, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Education, Physical Sciences, Sociology, and Engineering and Technology.

Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews