American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews


Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients

Research Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Prevalence of Obesity in Hypertensive Patients Gomes, K.K.L¹; Lima, A.A.F² 1Enfermeira da Atenção Básica e Especialista em Saúde da Família; ²Psicóloga do NASF e Especialista em Saúde Mental e Dependência Química Introduction: Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and plays a central role in the metabolic syndrome, which involves hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The prevalence of hypertension is about 3 times higher in obese patients. In the treatment of hypertension associated with obesity the decrease of the BMI plays central role in the reduction of the pressure. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of obesity in hypertensive patients. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of the documental type with a quantitative approach was carried out from 150 medical records of adult hypertensive patients followed up by the HIPERDIA program in the first half of 2017 at the Pororoca basic health unit in the municipality of Santa Cecília -PB. The body mass index was used to classify the nutritional status. Results and Discussion: 51% female, 49% male. 10% adequate weight, 65% overweight and 25% obesity. The prevalence of obesity in the studied population was 25%, while 65% of the sample were overweight. Only a small part, 10%, was found as the proper weight. There was no discrepancy in the percentage of male and female users. Conclusion: The results of the present study show a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, reinforcing the need for strategies that promote the reduction of obesity among hypertensive individuals. For this, the identification of obesity should be part of the routine actions of basic attention to the health of the hypertensive ones. Keywords: Basic Attention; Hypertension; Obesity ...

Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing

Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Health Education in Systemic Arterial Hypertension: an Approach to Nursing Francisco, J.A1; Anjos, K.R.B2; Melo, C.M.C.S3; Oliveira, J.E.F4; Araújo, A.A5; Cabral, J.V.B6 1Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 2,3,4,5Estudantes do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE, 6Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Enfermagem – UFPE. A Introduction: Systemic arterial hypertension is a multifactorial clinical condition characterized by elevated and sustained blood pressure levels, which when not adequately treated causes temporary and / or permanent complications. Constantly associated with injuries such as cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure and renal and vascular disease of extremities. Objective: Describe nursing care in systemic arterial hypertension, with emphasis on health education for patients and their families. Methodology: An integrative review was performed using articles as criteria between 2013 and 2017, combining the descriptors: nursing care, health education and hypertension, in the electronic databases Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SCIELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE). We selected 67 articles initially and after reading the titles and summaries of them, only 12 presented a relation with the researched topic. Being 02 from SCIELO, 05 from LILACS and 05 from MEDLINE. Results and Discussion: In the context of systemic arterial hypertension, the nurse should assist the client, assist him in controlling blood pressure levels and in the development of skills and attitudes that provide effective self-care, such as stimulating the modification of unfavorable habits. For this, it is essential that the interaction between professional and client takes place in an effective way, with the purpose of enabling adherence to treatment. As part of this process, in addition to individual monthly consultations it is necessary to have group activities addressing hypertension, guiding control measures and encouraging the continuity of treatment ...

Multidisciplinary Care in Elderly Patients With Immobility Due to Femur Fractures

Review Article of American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews Multidisciplinary Care in Elderly Patients With Immobility Due to Femur Fractures Lucena, L.C.C.L1; Queiroz, R.C.S1; Lucena Neto, I.G2 1Acadêmicas do 6º Período do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco/Campus Acadêmico do Agreste / Núcleo de Ciências da Vida – UFPE/CAA/NCV. 2Neurologista do Hospital Mestre Vitalino em Caruaru-PE. Introduction: the aging of the brazilian population is a growing and inevitable phenomenon. Concomitantly, Brazil has a high number of cases of femur fractures in the elderly due to its propensity for falls and osteoporosis. There were more than 180,000 cases between 2008 and 2012, generating a great economic and social impact, as well as being responsible for a high morbidity and mortality rate in this population. Objective: this study aims to highlight the importance of the multidisciplinary care of immobilized elderly as a result of femur fractures. Methodology: a bibliographic review was performed through the electronic databases Scielo, Uptodate and Pubmed with the following descriptors “idosos E fratura de fêmur E cuidado” and “elderly AND femoral fracture AND care”. Out of the articles found, 7 were selected that were published in Portuguese and English between 2010 and 2017. Results and Discussion: femur fractures have a great impact on the health of the elderly. Most of the procedures for the treatment of these fractures have a surgical approach. However, due to the general state of this population, conservative treatments are sometimes chosen. Many of these patients become bedridden, generating some degree of functional dependency. In addition, an estimated one-third of elderly patients with a femur fracture are estimated to die within a year. Conclusion: considering that the brazilian elderly population is increasing, it should be expected the increase in cases of femur fracture. It is important that health professionals who work with ...

Dr. Arnon Blum
Professor and Head of the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Bar Ilan University

Dr. Antonio Manenti
Associated Professor of Surgery at the University of Modena (Italy)

Dr. Luca Zanoli
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, School of Nephrology, University of Catania, Italy

Dr. Ravinder Reddy Gaddam
Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa, USA

Dr. Richard Kones
Director, MD, FAHA, FESC, FRSM, FCCP, FAGS, FRSH, FRSB, Cardiometabolic Research Institute, 8181 Fannin St, Bldg 3, Unit 314, Houston, TX 77054 USA

Dr. Erich Cosmi
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Woman and Child Health, University of Padua, Italy

Dr. Elena Cavarretta
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, corso della Repubblica 79, 04100 Latina Italy

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1.Suwarna Tambade, Sagar Bhalerao, Rucha Sule, Rajnish Nagarkar. Chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity: Preliminary report from a tertiary cancer centre in India.American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:7. DOI:10.28933/ajcrar-2018-10-0501 
2.Sudeb Mukherjee. RVOT Septal Pacing: Short review of History and Technical Requirements for successful implantation. .American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:6 

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American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4935; doi:10.28933/ajcrar) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Cardiology Research and Reviews   (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Cardiology Research and Reviews

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