American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews


Effect of Malaria Parasite on Platelet Among Pregnant Women in Owerri, Imo State Nigeria

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Effect of Malaria Parasite on Platelet Among Pregnant Women in Owerri, Imo State Nigeria 1L. N. Allison ,2 I. Mgbemena,3A. N.C. Amadi, 4M. N.Ezike, 1 A.A. Ukoma, 1 D.O. Iwu 1Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri , Nigeria 2Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri Imo state, Nigeria 3Department of Zoology, Michael Okpara Federal University of Agriculture Umudike Umuahia, Abia state 4Department of Animal and Environmental Biology,Imo state University Owerri. Malaria is a formidable global parasitic infection that presents a major health challenge in Tropical countries especially among pregnant women and children. It has a profound alteration or reduction effects on hematological parameters such as platelets in pregnant women. The study was carried out to determine the effects of Plasmodium falciparum on platelets of pregnant women in Owerri, Imo state Nigeria. A total of one hundred and fifty (150) blood samples of pregnant women were collected at Holy Rosary hospital Emekuku in owerri. The blood samples were screened for malaria infection using thick and thin Giemsa blood films. Results showed that 50 (33.33%) were positive for malaria parasite showing significant signs, with visible fever accompanying the infections. Normal platelet number ranges from 150 X 109/L; 400 X 109/L. The association of hematological parameters and diagnosis of malaria infection among people living in malaria endemic areas were retrieved. The most commonly changed parameters are platelet count. Presence of thrombocytopenia in pregnant women from endemic areas was useful as supportive diagnostic criteria for malaria in cases with low levels of parasite number. Therefore, when used with other clinical and microscopy parameters, it can significantly improve malaria diagnosis and timely treatment for malaria infection. Keywords: Malaria Parasite, Platelet, Pregnant Women, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria ...

CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER: A NEW VÍRUS TO THE OLD VECTOR

Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER: A NEW VÍRUS TO THE OLD VECTOR José Fabrício Silva¹, Pedro Henrique Wanderley Emiliano², Fabíola de Almeida Brito³ ¹José Fabrício Silva. Biomédico, Centro Universitário Cesmac/Cesmac. Maceió-AL, Brasil. ²Pedro Henrique Wanderley Emiliano. Graduando em Biomedicina, Centro Universitário Cesmac/Cesmac. Maceió-AL, Brasil. ³Fabíola de Almeida Brito. Biomédica, Doutora em Biologia Celular e Molecular, Centro Universitário Cesmac/Cesmac. Maceió-AL, Brasil. Objective: The chikungunya fever is an arbovirus transmitted by chikungunya virus (CHIKV), using vectors like mosquitoes Aedes albopictus and Aedes egypti. This review aimed to gather up to date and official information on the Chikungunya fever in Brazil because of its resemblance to dengue and importance for public health. Methods: A review of scientific literature was conducted by searching articles in the mains databases, NCBI, SCIELO, BIREME, CAPES periodical portal  between months February and April 2015. Results: Joint pain are the classic symptoms of chikungunya, and are being used as one of the clinical, laboratory and epidemiological for differential diagnosis. There are no vaccines for the disease, and palliative drugs used against inflammatory response caused by the virus. Mosquito control is the main preventive measure. Thus, it is necessary that the health workers are trained for the effective diagnosis and prevention. Keywords: Chikungunya virus, Aedes egypti, Fever ...

How to detect subtle ischemic heart disease in athletes or ex-athletes: a case report with a brief review

Case Report of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews How to detect subtle ischemic heart disease in athletes or ex-athletes: a case report with a brief review Massimo Bolognesi ASL della Romagna - District of Cesena, Center for Sports Cardiology Medicine , Via Ungaretti 494 47521 Cesena (FC) Italy The identification and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) remain a great challenge for physicians in all the world. In this case report, the author explains how physicians can be able to detect a subtle coronary artery disease in otherwise healthy paucisymptomatic individuals, as athletes or ex-athletes, using only the exercise ECG stress (Ex-ECG) testing and clinical common sense, in the era of advanced technologies like cardiovascular imaging. Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Atherosclerosis, Athletes, Electrocardiogram, Exercise ECG Stress TestingIntroduction ...

Widowhood and the Contending Odds in Africa: a Review

Review Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews Widowhood and the Contending Odds in Africa: a Review J. D. Kamatikibiu Primary Health Care Authority, Gombi Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria The objective of this paper is to review the contending issues of widowhood in Africa with particular emphasis on Nigeria. Across different cultures in Nigeria, there exists harmful traditional widowhood practices that have attracted the attention of the global struggle especially on violence against women. Sufficient evidence suggests that, widows are often mal-handled by the society and thrown into financial, psychological, sexual and social trauma. The growing excess of widows in Nigeria is due to factors such as lower mortality rate among women than men, younger wives than husbands, wives with greater likelihood of outliving their husbands and higher remarriage rates among the widows than widowers. In the twenty first century, the clash of civilization reminiscent in culture and modernity has produced discernible patterns of decline in widowhood practices in all cultures in Nigeria. For instance, the factor of restricting a widow to a point of confinement is weakened by modernity and the economic demands of modern life. For an educated career widow, the return to work in an urban setting clearly negates the demand for respect for the rules of restriction in movement and association or interaction. Where the widow is perceived to be well educated and wealthy, the widowhood rights are observed more in breach than obedience. In the rural areas where widows may be illiterate, the demands of custom are more likely to be enforced with the presence of many pre-disposed to customary practices. The practice of widowhood rites has widespread negative effects and deeply ingrained social, psychological, economic and health implications for womanhood in Nigeria. From the little available literature, it is observed ...

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American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews

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