American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews


Volumeplasty of bulky nose using heat dermabrasion as a minor therapy

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Volumeplasty of bulky nose using heat dermabrasion as a minor therapy Khalifa E. Sharquie1, Fatema A. Al-Jaralla2 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology & Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq Background: Ultrathick nasal skin and nodulation is one of the most daunting challenges in cosmetic nasal surgery. Rhinoplasty is a common surgical procedure to correct mostly gross abnormal nasal anatomical variation; however, many patients have minor bizarre shape or deformities that could not be well corrected by ordinary surgical procedures. So we should find other techniques to correct these unwanted or undesired nose shape abnormalities. Objective: The purpose of this article is to perform heat dermabrasion to reduce the size of bulky nose and to create new alar groove and to remove nose nodulations, acne or traumatic scarring. Patients and methods: In this study, we collected 40 patients with bulky nose during the period from 2009 through 2019; 21 females and 19 males and their ages ranged from 20-65 years. An Informed consent was taken from each patient before starting the study, after full explanation about the procedure. All patients had bulky nose, some had nodulation of nose and acne or traumatic scarring. Only one patient had history rhinophyma of several years duration. All patients were treated with heat dermabrasion using diathermy needle after local xylocaine anesthesia and patients were received topical antiseptic and oral antibiotics to be seen after 2 weeks. Then topical corticosteroid was used to prevent post-inflammatory pigmentation. Results:A total of 40 patients diagnosed with bulky nose were enrolled in this study; 21 (52.5%) patients were females and 19 (47.5%) were males.  Age of patients ...

Trichotillomania is chronic obsessive compulsive disease with a diagnostic hair loss patterns

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Trichotillomania is chronic obsessive compulsive disease with a diagnostic hair loss patterns Khalifa E. Sharquie1, Fatema A. Al-Jaralla2 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad. Iraqi and Arab Board for Dermatology & Venereology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq. 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad , Baghdad, Iraq. Background: Trichotillomania (TTM) is a common cause of childhood alopecia. It’s a traumatic alopecia and is defined as the irresistible urge to pull out the hair, accompanied by a sense of relief after the hair has been plucked. The condition maybe episodic and the chronic type is difficult to treat. There seem to be an increase in the prevalence of the condition probably due to the changing life style into a more stressful one. Objective: To do full evaluation of this disease and description of  hair loss patterns. Patients and methods: In this descriptive study, we collected patients with trichotillomania who had attended department of dermatology, college of medicine, university of Baghdad, Baghdad teaching hospital during the period from 2011 through 2019 where 114 cases of TTM were seen. The diagnosis was established on clinical basis after exclusion of other dermatological diseases and medical problems.Full history was taken from each patient including demographic data, presence of stressful life event as a triggering factor. Psycholgical assessment was carried out for each patient by experienced dermatologist as psychiatric referral was refused by all patients and their families.Full description of patterns of hair loss was carried out after exclusion of other causes of hair loss especially alopecia areata. Results: A total of 114 patients diagnosed with TTM were enrolled in this study,88 (77.19%) patients were females and 26 (22.8%) males with female to male ratio: 3.38:1 . Age of ...

FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY OF ALOE VERA LEAF EXTRACT ALONG WITH CURCUMA LONGA EXTRACT-BASED GEL

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY OF ALOE VERA LEAF EXTRACT ALONG WITH CURCUMA LONGA EXTRACT-BASED GEL MUGESA MUNIR†, HINA JAVED, ASMA ASLAM, AROOJ AFREEN, MISBAH RAFIQE and SYED NISAR HUSSAIN SHAH‡ † Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, BZU, Multan. ‡ Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, BZU, Multan. Wounds result in functional disruption of living tissues. Herbs and their extracts have potential to regenerate damage skin. Purpose of this study was to evaluate the wound healing activity of aloe vera leaf extract in combination with curcuma longa extract. Both herbs possess anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Gel-I and Gel-II were formulated using Carbopol 940, 3%w/w aloe vera leaf extract, 1 and 3%w/w curcuma longa extracts respectively and were applied on excision and incision wounds created on albino rabbits. Animals were divided into four groups having six animals, group-I was control, group-II received standard gel (Nitrofurazone), group-III received Gel-I, group-IV received Gel-II. Gels were evaluated for color, pH, clarity, viscosity, consistency, spreadability, extrudability, skin irritation test and stability studies. Gels were applied on excision wound once a day for 12 days. Wound treated with Gel-II showed better healing activity and greater percentage of wound contraction (p<0.05) than 1%w/w. Histology was carried out on skin of 5th and 12th day incision wounds. Gel-II showed better epithelialization time, wound contraction, tensile strength. Wound healing activity was because of antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of phytoconstituents of aloe vera and curcuma longa. Keywords: wound healing, aloe vera, curcuma longa, excision wound. incision wound ...

Epidemiological Profile of Leprosy from 2006 to 2013 in Limoeiro, Pernambuco

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Epidemiological Profile of Leprosy from 2006 to 2013 in Limoeiro, Pernambuco Victor Marcelo Gomes de Lima Pina¹*, Maria Eduarda da Silva Santana², Tamyres Camila Silva³, Emmanuela Kethully Mota dos Santos4, Maria Juliana Gomes Arandas5, Janaina Kelli Gomes Arandas6 Introduction: In the epidemiological transition experienced by Brazil, the prevalence of infectious-contagious diseases is still evident. Among them, leprosy is a public health problem whose main etiological agent is Mycobacterium leprae. It is a common pathology in developing countries. Methodology: Descriptive and retrospective study, with data collection from 2006 to 2013, coming from the National System of Information of Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). Results: 93 cases of leprosy were reported in the period covered by the data search. Resulting in an average detection of 1.5 cases / 10,000 inhabitants / year. According to the analysis of the data obtained, there was a predominance of male cases (51.61%), urban residents (60.22%), age range from 30 to 39 years (23.66%), as Dimorfa being the most reported Clinical Form (39.78%). Conclusions / Considerations: It is expected that new strategies and actions will be implemented, or revised, as more specific measures for the prevention and control of leprosy in the municipality of Limoeiro, Pernambuco. Keywords: Epidemiology, Leprosy, Public health ...

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2638-1893; DOI:10.28933/AJODRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Dermatological Research and Reviews (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews

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