American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews

An Extensive Review of Cosmetics in Use

Review Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews An Extensive Review of Cosmetics in Use AK Mohiuddin, Assistant Professor Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh The word “cosmetics” actually stems from its use in Ancient Rome. They were typically produced by female slaves known as “cosmetae,” which is where the word “cosmetics” stemmed from. Cosmetics are used to enhance appearance. Makeup has been around for many centuries. The first known people who used cosmetics to enhance their beauty were the Egyptians. Makeup those days was just simple eye coloring or some material for the body. Now-a-days makeup plays an important role for both men and women. In evolutionary psychology, social competition of appearance strengthens women’s desires for ideal beauty. According to “The Origin of Species”, humans have evolved to transfer genes to future generations through sexual selection that regards the body condition of ideal beauty as excellent fertility. Additionally, since women’s beauty has recently been considered a competitive advantage to create social power, a body that meets the social standards of a culture could achieve limited social resources. That’s right, even men have become more beauty conscious and are concerned about their looks. Cosmetics can be produced in the organic and hypoallergenic form to meet the demands of users. Makeup is used as a beauty aid to help build up the self-esteem and confidence of an individual. The importance of cosmetics has increased as many people want to stay young and attractive. Cosmetics are readily available today in the form of creams, lipstick, perfumes, eye shadows, nail polishes, hair sprays etc. Other cosmetics like face powder give glow to the skin after applying the base cream. Then we have lipsticks, which are applied by many women of all ages ...

Acne Vulgaris: Measures and Miseries

Review  Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Acne Vulgaris: Measures and Miseries AK Mohiuddin, Assistant Professor Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Acne, also known as acne vulgaris (AV), is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. An intact stratum corneum and barrier, normal natural moisturizing factor and hyaluronic acid levels, normal Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) expression (localized at the basal lateral membranes of collecting duct cells in the kidney), and balanced sebum secretion are qualities of the skin that fall in the middle of the oily–dry spectrum. Patients rarely, if ever, complain about reduced sebum production, but elevated sebum production, yielding oily skin that can be a precursor to acne, is a common complaint. Several factors are known to influence sebum production. AV is mostly triggered by Propionibacterium acnes in adolescence, under the influence of normal circulating dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It is a very common skin disorder which can present with inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions chiefly on the face but can also occur on the upper arms, trunk, and back. Age, in particular, has a significant and well-known impact, as sebum levels are usually low in childhood, rise in the middle-to-late teen years, and remain stable into the seventh and eighth decades until endogenous androgen synthesis dwindles. Sebum, the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands containing wax esters, sterol esters, cholesterol, di- and triglycerides, and squalene, imparts an oily quality to the skin and is well known to play an important role in acne development. Acne can’t be prevented or cured, but it can be treated effectively. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and ...

Analysis of motor ground function in children with cerebral paralysis: a case study

Research Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Analysis of motor ground function in children with cerebral paralysis: a case study Menezes L.S.D¹, Vasconcelos A.M², Silva A.M.R³, Melo G.A4, Martins M.L5, Aranha R.E.L.B6 1Estudante de Fisioterapia – UFPB; 2,3,4,5,6Mestranda em Neurociência Cognitiva e Comportamento – UFPB Introduction: In cerebral palsy (CP) there are disorders in posture and movement, and there are innumerable interventions, including Restricted Movement Induction Therapy (TRIMm), associated to the “Pirate Group” protocol, which uses play context and Bimanual Training. Objective: To evaluate changes in gross motor function after modified application of Pirate Group Therapy in children with CP. Methodology: Descriptive, exploratory, quantitative, case report. Sociodemographic questionnaire was used, evaluation by the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFM); Classification System of Hand Skills; Pediatric Disability Assessment Inventory (PEDI); International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, followed by the initiation of therapy. A total of 14 physiotherapeutic sessions of 60 minutes each were performed. Results and Discussion: In the GMFM, there was an improvement in the Gross Motor Function (82.99 to 86.52); in the field Walking, running and jumping (67 to 69). Already in the PEDI, obtained functional gain in the ten items of the Self-Care Domain. Discussion: Because the patient had unilateral spastic PC (better gross motor function), the results were discrete, corroborating with the literature. Conclusion: Due to the innovative character of the application of effective and playful protocol, it allowed to increase the functional ability of a child with unilateral right spastic CP. Keywords:  Case study; Cerebral Palsy; Physical therapy modalities ...

Immunization in elderly people in public health

Review Article of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews Immunization in elderly people in public health Hazime, N.P1; Bezerra, M.C.C.S2; Ramos, R.C.F3 1,2Estudantes do Curso de Medicina – UNICAP, 3Docente do Curso de Medicina – UNICAP Introduction: Vaccination is an important instrument to spread health care, especially in Brazil, available by the SUS, that offers vaccines recommended by OMS, without any cost, and with strategies that help propagate that prevention, like the Vaccination Calendar, made for the different age groups, including the elderly. Objectives: It is extremely important to evaluate and to unravel all the vaccines recommended and offered by the SUS for elder people, taking a look at its importance and how the doses are administered. Methodology: This research is a transversal, retrospective study, in a bibliographic revision form, about the immunization of the elderly. Articles from 2002, in english, portuguese and spanish, found in Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Google Scholar were used. They were sectioned in order of relevance and by their abstracts. Results: One of the groups most benefited by this vaccine situation is the elderly, who has been growing in the last few years, all around the world. The immunization of these people with vaccines against diphtheria and tetanus, yellow fever, pneumococci, hepati is B and influenza. Conclusion: Vaccination is extremely important, because it decreases morbidity and mortality that are associated with infectious diseases, leading to a better quality of life. Keywords:  Immunization; Immunization Programs; Old man ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2638-1893; DOI:10.28933/AJODRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Dermatological Research and Reviews (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews