American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews

Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Servant leadership, Institutional Health and Effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges Fentahun Mengistu Bite Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia The study was aimed to examine the practices and correlates among servant leadership, institutional health and effectiveness in Ethiopian Teacher Training Colleges. It was descriptive survey and correlation study conducted in sample teacher training colleges. In sum, 160 participants consisted of 52 academic staff (male=38; female=14), 54 administrative staff (male=23; female=31) and 54 students (male=43; female=11) were participated. Stratified and simple random sampling methods were employed to select samples. Mean, t-test, correlations and regressions were used to analyze data. In addition, the results were significant at p<0.05. As a result, the mean value for the practice of servant leadership in colleges understudy showed ‘middle’ or ‘sometime’ level. Besides, the Pearson correlation coefficient analysis indicated moderate positive relationships between servant leadership and organizational health (r= 0.663). The regression analysis result also showed that the contribution of servant leadership to institutional (college) health was found to be R2=0.440, F=123.924, P<0.05 indicating that 44% of the health of the institution (College) was explained by servant leadership practices and behaviors exhibited by leaders and staff in their respective work units. On top of this, Pearson correlation analysis was made between institutional health and effectiveness. As a result, it has showed statistically significant and strong positive correlation (r=0.723). It was also found out that 52.27% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness or goal achievement was explained by healthy working conditions and environments created in each work unit. Moreover, the correlation between servant leadership and institutional (college) effectiveness also indicated statistically significant and moderate positive correlation (r= 0.612). Thus, among other factors, 37.45% of institution’s (college’s) effectiveness in goal achievement was determined by the application of servant leadership principles and behaviors ...

Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo- A Critical Analysis

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo- A Critical Analysis S.Lalitha Asst Prof. of English,Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research Chennai. Sri Aurobindo , was an Indian nationalist, freedom fighter, philosopher, yogi, guru and poet. He joined the Indian movement for freedom from British rule, for a while became one of its influential leaders and then turned into a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. Swami Vivekananda, known in his pre-monastic life as Narendranath Datta, was born in an affluent family in Kolkata. His father,Vishwanath Datta, was a successful attorney with interests in a wide range of subjects, and his mother, Bhuvaneshwari Devi, was endowed with deep devotion, strong character and other qualities. A precocious boy, Narendra excelled in music, gymnastics and studies. By the time he graduated from Calcutta University, he had acquired a vast knowledge of different subjects, especially Western philosophy and history. These, then the Shâstras, the Guru, and the Mother¬land are the three notes that mingle themselves to form the music of the works of Vivekananda .The present paper brings out the critical analysis of the philosophies of the two great spiritual philosophers and writers in a comparative style. Keywords: Philosophy, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Critical Analysis ...

Extent of Application of Strategic Management Control in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Extent of Application of Strategic Management Control in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State Okeke Ifediorah Nonyem and Okaforcha Choice Chima  Department of Educational Foundations,  Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria The main purpose of the study was to ascertain the extent of application of strategic management control in the management of tertiary institutions in Anambra State. It was a descriptive survey research guided by one research question and one null hypothesis. All the four public and private universities in Anambra State of Nigeria were studied. The population of the study comprised two-hundred (200) respondents while the sample of the study comprised one hundred and fifteen (115) respondents made up of all the twenty (20) core management staff, thirty (30) Deans selected through purposive sampling technique and sixty-five (65) HODs selected through proportionate stratified random sampling technique using 50 percent of the total population of the HODs. The instrument for data collection was researchers-developed questionnaire titled “Strategic Control Application Questionnaire” (SCAQ). The reliability of SCAQ was determined using 20 respondents from tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State. Cronbach alpha statistics was used to measure the internal consistency of the items which yielded the means of 0.83. The researchers personally administered copies of the instrument on the respondents in their respective institutions. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviations and ANOVA. The findings of the study indicated among others that strategic management control was applied to a low extent in tertiary institutions in Anambra State. It was among others recommended that the ministry of education should attempt organizing for managers regular workshops, short courses and seminars on strategic management control to enable them grasp the fundamentals and have confidence in managing strategically and that NUC should ensure ...

Nutrition Attitudes and Information Levels of Football Referees

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Nutrition Attitudes and Information Levels of Football Referees 1İbrahim Muhammed Salih İBRAHİM,1Hayri DEMİR,2Mehmet ALTIN Department of Social Welfare, Effutu Municipality 1 Selcuk University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Sports Management Department Konya / Turkey 2 Selçuk University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Recreation Department Konya/Turkey This study aims at revealing the changes in nutrition attitude and knowledge levels of football referees. 130 referees actively serving as Candidate, Provincial and Regional Referees in Izmir, Konya, Aksaray and Niğde provinces constituted the sample group of the study. The personal information form was used in obtaining the socio-demographic information, and the nutrition knowledge and attitude scale developed by Ertürk (2010) was used in determination of the nutrition attitude and knowledge. The variance and homogeneity of the data were tested, “Independent Samples t Test” was used for binary comparisons, “One Vay Anowa” for differences between groups in multiple comparisons, and “Tukey” test for the determination of variation sources. The nutritional attitudes of the provincial and district referees were higher than those of the candidate referees and the nutritional information of the candidate referees were higher than the provincial and district referees and this change was statistically found to be significant (P <0.05). While no change due to the gender factor was observed, nutrition information of the referees received nutrition lessons was found to be higher than the referees who did not, and this change was statistically found to be significant (P <0.05). No difference was found in nutritional attitudes and knowledge of the referees depending on factors such as age, income, sibling, years of service, and level of education. As a result, it can be said that candidate referees who have just started their duties have more nutrition knowledge than provincial and district referees, and provincial and ...

Dr. Mridul Bose
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Jadavpur University

Prof. Dr. Ugur DEMIRAY
Anadolu University, Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir TURKEY

Dr. Suresh Garg
Professor of Physics, School of Sciences, IGNOU

Dr. Mohd. Akhtar Siddiqui
Professor in Education, Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, Faculty of Education, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delh

Dr. Adams Otuoze Umoru Onuka 
Institute of Education, University of Ibadan

Dr. Medine BARAN
Assistant Professor, Dicle University, Diyarbakır -Turkey

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Naser Jamil Alzaidiyeen
Assistant Professor, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/ Majmaah University College of Science and Humanities

Assistant Professor In Mathematics, Govt. Degree & PG College, PUTTUR, Chittoor(Dt),Andhra Pradesh,INDIA

Dr.Tahani Mohammed Alabous
Associate professor, World Islamic University

PRINCIPAL, Government Degree College, Rayalaseema University

Dr. M.W. Lumadi
Professor in Curriculum & Instructional Studies, Former Director, School of Postgraduate Studies at NWU and Member of Council

Dr. M. V. Vithanapathirana
Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Colombo

Dr. Laima Kyburienė
Assoc.professor, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences, Kedainiai Jonusas Radvila Study Center

Dr. Isaac N. Nwankwo
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Educ. Mgt. & Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Dr. G.Sankar
S/o V.Ganesan, Manora Colony, Mallippattinam (Po), Pattukkottai (Tk), Thanjavur – 614 723, TamilNadu.

Dr. Suresh Mani Tripathi
Assistant Professor (Law) Govt. Naveen Law College Bhatapara. Distt- Baloda Bazar-Bhatapara, India

Dr. S.Arivoli
Assistant Professor/EEE, VSB College of Engineering Technical Campus, Coimbatore-642109

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Priyabrat Gochhayat
Sambalpur University, Odisha

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

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1.Philipp Aufenvenne,Miriam Kuckuck, Nina Leimbrink, Max Pochadt, Malte Steinbrink. Integration through Peers – A Study on the Integration of Migrant Children in Pupil Networks in four German Secondary Schools . American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:19. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-02-0101 
2.Seock-Ho Kim, Mi-Ran Kim, Naanhee K. Kim, and Yoonhee K. Kim. Pyramid Power in Colors. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:23. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-05-0303

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American journal of educational research and reviews