American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews


Article Critique: “The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Job Satisfaction”

Review article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Article Critique: “The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Job Satisfaction” Eshetu Kibret Emiru Debre Markos University This paper provides a critical review of the article published under the title of “The relationship between transformational leadership and job satisfaction”. The reviewed article intended to determine the relationship between transformational leadership of government secondary school principals and teachers’ job satisfaction. Though not mentioned in the reviewed article, a descriptive survey research design was employed to attain its objective. The transformational leadership questionnaire and the teachers’ job satisfaction questionnaire were employed as instruments of data collection. Therefore, the reviewer followed theoretical, epistemological and statistical assumptions of quantitative research while critically review the article. Accordingly, despite some flaws existed in the study that might lessen its empirical power and reputation, the study was worthwhile in examining the transformational theoretical leadership paradigm in the Ethiopian context. It was suggested that audiences need to consider its shortfalls while using the study findings and future studies need to consider such inaccuracies. Keywords: Article review, flaws, transformational leadership, job satisfaction ...

Teachers’ Perception and Implementation of Constructivist Learning

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Teachers’ Perception and Implementation of Constructivist Learning Lantbeye Wudeneh Bahir Dar University A special attention has been given to education system in Ethiopia especially in the Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion design, Bahir Dar University after Educational Sector Development Program (ESDP I, 2003) was developed and implemented. Initially, before ESDP I, the ways of teaching and learning were mainly based on behaviorist approaches. This behaviorist approach to learning and teaching is gradually changed to cognitive and constructivist approaches which are mostly used in advanced education systems. These approaches to learning and teaching are mainly focused on learners themselves. Therefore, student-centered and active learning became the slogans in education system in Ethiopia. This study investigates the teachers’ perception and implementation of constructivist learning and teaching methods in Ethiopia specifically in the Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion design Technology, Bahia Dar University. It is vast to investigate each and every aspect of constructivist learning. So, the researcher selected to investigate the mostly used methods (question-answer, individual and group-work) considering constructivism in the Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Design Technology (EiTEX). The mentioned methods are investigated in the light of constructivism. The researcher investigated the methods considering four criteria of constructivist method given by Navistar et.al, (2009). The criteria are: assessing student’s prior knowledge, differentiating what is already known and what should be learnt, changing students pre-concept in the context of new knowledge and reflection on learning. To examine teachers’ use and implementation of constructivist learning and teaching methods, the questionnaire was employed. The findings showed that around half of the teachers have positively perceived and implemented the mentioned methods in line with constructivism, while remaining teachers still implement these methods as a traditional way of teaching. Moreover, teachers seem ...

Teacher Variable and Academic Performance of Learners in Public Elementary Schools

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Teacher Variable and Academic Performance of Learners in Public Elementary Schools Ronnie V. Rivera Kaila Elementary School, Sitio Kaila, Barangay San Roque, Antipolo City, Rizal 1870 Researchers agree that teachers are one of the most important school-based resources in determining students’ future academic success and lifetime outcomes, yet have simultaneously had difficulties in defining what teacher characteristics make for an effective teacher. This paper reviews the large body of literature on measures of teacher effectiveness, underscoring the diversity of methods by which the general construct of “teacher quality” has been explored, including experience, professional knowledge, and opportunity to learn. Each of these concepts comprises a number of different dimensions and methods of operationalizing. Despite a voluminous research literature on the question of teacher quality, evidence for the impact of teacher characteristics (experience and professional knowledge) on student outcomes remains quite limited. There is a smaller, but more robust set of findings for the effect of teacher support on opportunity to learn. There are measures which may be associated with higher student achievement: teacher experience, teacher professional knowledge, and teacher provision of opportunity to learn. Keywords: Opportunity to learn, Teacher education, teacher experience, Teacher quality ...

The effectiveness of a proposed training program in the development of the linguistic outcome of students of mental retardation in the first grades of the program of intellectual education in the city of Arar

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews The effectiveness of a proposed training program in the development of the linguistic outcome of students of mental retardation in the first grades of the program of intellectual education in the city of Arar Fras Mohamad AL-madne and Ihab Saad Abdulaziz EL-Nabarawy Department of Curriculum, Instruction and Educational Management, Faculty of Education and Arts, Northern border University, Saudi Arabia The aim of the current study was to develop the linguistic outcomes of people with a simple mental retardation (55 - 70) degree. The existence of a mentally retarded child is a problem facing the family as well as the society due to the difficulty of dealing with this child with limited abilities. The current study is of practical importance in the development of the linguistic outcome of mentally retarded children especially in the class in which the study deals and which need programs to qualify them and enrich their language. The proportion of mentally retarded in Saudi Arabia is about 3%. Use the researcher’s experimental approach to consider the relevance of this research following the experimental design and Study Tools Student data form Testing the drawing of the man to Godfn - Harris The validity of the test was verified and validated the test of the linguistic crop preparation Dalia Mostafa, Before and after training on the program until it took its final form and applied the program to the same number (17) students in the city of Arar in the first three grades in the schools of Abdullah bin Abbas and Ibn Jubair primary and indeed was investigated the first purpose of the existence of differences of statistical significance between the performance of mentally retarded students before training on the program The results also showed that there were no ...

Dr. Mridul Bose
Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Jadavpur University

Prof. Dr. Ugur DEMIRAY
Anadolu University, Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir TURKEY

Dr. Suresh Garg
Professor of Physics, School of Sciences, IGNOU

Dr. Mohd. Akhtar Siddiqui
Professor in Education, Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, Faculty of Education, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delh

Dr. Adams Otuoze Umoru Onuka 
Institute of Education, University of Ibadan

Dr. Medine BARAN
Assistant Professor, Dicle University, Diyarbakır -Turkey

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Naser Jamil Alzaidiyeen
Assistant Professor, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/ Majmaah University College of Science and Humanities

Dr. DHANANJAYA REDDY
Assistant Professor In Mathematics, Govt. Degree & PG College, PUTTUR, Chittoor(Dt),Andhra Pradesh,INDIA

Dr.Tahani Mohammed Alabous
Associate professor, World Islamic University

Dr. P. MALYADRI
PRINCIPAL, Government Degree College, Rayalaseema University

Dr. M.W. Lumadi
Professor in Curriculum & Instructional Studies, Former Director, School of Postgraduate Studies at NWU and Member of Council

Dr. M. V. Vithanapathirana
Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Colombo

Dr. Laima Kyburienė
Assoc.professor, Kauno kolegija/University of Applied Sciences, Kedainiai Jonusas Radvila Study Center

Dr. Isaac N. Nwankwo
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Educ. Mgt. & Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Dr. G.Sankar
S/o V.Ganesan, Manora Colony, Mallippattinam (Po), Pattukkottai (Tk), Thanjavur – 614 723, TamilNadu.

Dr. Suresh Mani Tripathi
Assistant Professor (Law) Govt. Naveen Law College Bhatapara. Distt- Baloda Bazar-Bhatapara, India

Dr. S.Arivoli
Assistant Professor/EEE, VSB College of Engineering Technical Campus, Coimbatore-642109

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Priyabrat Gochhayat
Sambalpur University, Odisha

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

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1.Philipp Aufenvenne,Miriam Kuckuck, Nina Leimbrink, Max Pochadt, Malte Steinbrink. Integration through Peers – A Study on the Integration of Migrant Children in Pupil Networks in four German Secondary Schools . American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:19. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-02-0101 
2.Seock-Ho Kim, Mi-Ran Kim, Naanhee K. Kim, and Yoonhee K. Kim. Pyramid Power in Colors. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:23. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-05-0303

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American Journal of Educational Research and reviews (indexing details) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Educational Research and reviews.

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American journal of educational research and reviews

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