American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews

Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment of a Typical African Urban City: A Case Study of Ibadan, Nigeria

Research Article of American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment of a Typical African Urban City: A Case Study of Ibadan, Nigeriadistrict Williams W. Edobor1, Innocent E. Bello2 1Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria 2National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), PMB 437 Garki 2, Airport Road, FCT-Abuja, Nigeria Ibadan, a typical West African City, emerged from a traditional rural land use as a result of its socio-economic, educational, traditional and political uses. The perceived rapid growth of the now peripheral areas from the core Central Business District (CBD) tends to undermine a regimented planned land use system and as such constituting a menace to government zoning plans. This paper, therefore, synthesizes three epochs remotely sensed satellite images: 1972 Landsat (MSS), 1986 Landsat Thematic Mapping(TM) and 2000 Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) obtained from the USGS glcf website to examine the observed changes in land cover and land use pattern as well as urban growth process in Ibadan. GIS and remote sensing methods were used for image-processing, classification, and results from analyses. The study showed that in 1972, the buildup was 107 km2, it increased to 192 km2 in 1986 and almost doubled in 2000 (381 km2). The 2010 projection was 760 km2 and it is projected to 1520 km2 in 2020. The study further indicates that the city follows a trend of doubling in area size at least in every ten years. Decongesting the CBD through the provision of social amenities in the proximal urban fringes and rural areas are considered the most potent ways to remedy the seemingly urban menace Keywords: GIS, Landcover/Landuse, Remotely Sensed Imageries, Rural-Urban, Urban Growth ...

Analysing the effects of alternative livelihood on cocoa farmers in the Atwima Nwabiagya district

Research Article of American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews Analysing the effects of alternative livelihood on cocoa farmers in the Atwima Nwabiagya district Simon Boateng1, Emmanuel Amankwa1, Adjoa Afriyie Poku2, Kwaku Owusu-Agyeman1 and Akosua Baah1 1Tutor, Social Sciences Department, St. Monica’s College of Education, Mampong - Ghana. 2Lecturer, Department of Geography Education, University of University, Winneba This study was conducted in the Atwima Nwabiagya district; and it provides an empirical example of how a community integrates alternative livelihood activities as part of their livelihood through their own initiatives. A qualitative case study approach was used in this study. Snowball sampling technique was used to select 20 respondents for this study. Interview guide was used to glean data from the cocoa farmers. This was augmented with observation. Results show that alternative livelihood activities have significantly improved household income and consequently increased household standard of living.  The study also found that the benefits of alternative livelihood activities are distributed across all households within the community as all households were engaged in at least one alternative livelihood activity.  Households benefit directly from alternative livelihood through access to cash.  Access to cash opened up opportunities for households to venture into other livelihood activities within the study community; and also use part to maintain their traditional livelihood. The study recommends to the district assembly to provide technical back‐up support systems to enhance the long‐term effects of any planned alternative livelihood on farmers’ incomes. Again, any planned intervention must avoid the handout syndrome so as to ensure it sustainability. Keywords: Atwima Nwabiagya district, alternative livelihood, cocoa farmers, bricks making, pottering ...

Professor Dr. M. Jayachandran
Chief Scientist & Professor of AcSIR, CSIR-New Delhi; Head, Electrochemical Materials Science Division, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi

Prof. Dr. Gehad Mohamed Saleh
Professor of Geology, Vice Head of Research Sector of Geology, Supervisor Abu Rasheid – Halayib project, Nuclear Materials Authority, Cairo, Egypt.

Dr. Shailesh Kumar Singh
Hydrologist, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. 10 Kyle street, Riccarton Christchurch, New Zealand

Dr. Suhaib Bin Farhan
Pakistan Space & Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)

Professor Lev V. Eppelbaum
Research Professor, Dept. of Geosciences, Tel Aviv University, Chairman of KAMEA Assoc. at TAU, Ramat Aviv 69978, Tel Aviv, Israel, Foreign Member of the Russian, Academy of Natural Sciences

Dr. D. Madan
Associate Professor, Dept of Mech, Sri indu college of engineering and technology, Hyderabad

Dr. Alexander Kokhanovsky
VITROCISET, Darmstadt, Germany

Dr. Daniel Anthoni Sihasale
Pattimura University

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American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews