American Journal of History and Culture


Interaction and Conflict among the Nuer and Anuak communities

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Interaction and Conflict among the Nuer and Anuak communities Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara Gambella regional state is located in the southwestern Ethiopia with diverse ethnic groups. From the ethnic groups, Anuak and Nuer are dominant in the region. Both interacted in marriage, support each other in the time of famine as well as war and followed traditional religion. Their interaction violated by conflicts in the second half 19th century. The conflict caused by the question of natural resources, Parliamentary seats and curriculum and media of instruction in school. This fight caused the death of human beings and destruction of material properties on the both ethnic groups. Hostilities and conflicts between them had no earned solution due to outbreak of First World War. Keywords: Interaction, Conflict, Gambella ...

History of Tantra

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture History of Tantra Balaji Deekshitulu P V Homeopathy Doctor and Psychologist, Sri Balaji Homeo Clinic, Tirupati, A.P, India. The review article explains that the Tantra is oldest tradition of mind and body health, Universal is not creating any one, it is create by god. Its truth no scientific an evidence of various natural things in 21st century, Tantra explains systematic life, visualization of nothings etc… Tantra is best way of good things only. Keywords: History of Tantra ...

Socio-cultural features, Special Ceremonies and Economic Activities of the Gumuz Communit

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Socio-cultural features, Special Ceremonies and Economic Activities of the Gumuz Community Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara A Gumuz of the Mandura Woreda share many common socio-cultural features with their ethnic groups. Their basic socio-cultural features are Marriage arrangement, Menstruation and delivery custom, food custom and dressing style. They also celebrated the special ceremony called a memorial feast for the dead whom they call it Kemasa. Besides it, the ceremonial events such as the founding of the true cross, funeral and initiation ceremonies for girls at the first menstruation and for boys at a time of big hunt or killing of an enemy play a significant role of the Gumuz community’s social life. In the Mandura woreda, the most important economic activity of the Gumuz Population was shifting cultivation. Hunting, gathering, small scale fishing, handcrafts, beekeeping and limited animal husbandry were the supplementary economic activity of them. Keywords: Socio-cultural practices, special ceremonies and shifting cultivation ...

Analysis of the Conversational Implicature of Violating Cooperative Principles in Daily Discourse

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Analysis of the Conversational Implicature of Violating Cooperative Principles in Daily Discourse Mengyuan Bi Shanxi Normal University Conversational implicature and conversational principle are proposed by the American language philosopher Grice. The principle of conversation is an important part of the study in the field of pragmatics, represented by Grice’s Cooperative principle and Leech’s Politeness principle, which constitutes the main reference principle and basis for understanding the meaning of conversation. To a certain extent, they regulate people’s verbal communication behavior. Grice believes that in the process of people’s communication, the two sides of the dialogue seem to follow a certain principle intentionally or unintentionally in order to complete the communicative task effectively. But sometimes, to make the communication activities go smoothly, the communicative parties usually break the cooperative principles in order to achieve some kind of communicative purpose. Based on the daily communicative dialogue as corpus, this paper analyzes the communicative implicature that violates the principle of conversation. Through the analysis of communicative implicature and pragmatic effect to explore the main forms of conversational implicature in verbal communication in the context of real communication. Keywords: The principle of cooperation; Conversational implicature; Daily discourse ...

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American Journal of History and Culture

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