American Journal of History and Culture

Unearth the Issues of Colonialism, Anti Colonialism and Post Colonialism: A Comparative Study of English, Bengali and Australian Literary world

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Unearth the Issues of Colonialism, Anti Colonialism and Post Colonialism: A Comparative Study of English, Bengali and Australian Literary world Farhana Haque Brac University, Mohakhali, Dhaka,Bangladesh This paper will explore the concept of colonial enterprise in Western world, while on the other hands, it will focus on the counterpoint of colonial attitudes through the Eastern and Australian writers. England is a country of colonizers. Unlike Australia and Bangladesh are the countries of colonized inhabitants. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, Mansfield Park by Jane Austen, Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, all those novels are based on colonial aspect. Here I would like to focus on the superior traits of Western people, therefore will attempt to show their colonial impact on Eastern and Australian literary world. To analyse about the Western writers notion regarding colonialism all of those three quintessential novels would strongly exhibit that how charlotte Bronte, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, showed the westerners are the superior, or master over their colonized people. On the contrary, Australian famous writer Peter Carey and Bangladesh’s rebel poet Kazi nazrul Islam will uphold the consolidate counterpoint against colonialism. They both are the examples of nationalism, patriotism, rebellion, and insurgence. This research will also examines the Extent to which Charlotte Bronte, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens shaped colonial policy in their writing while on the other hands Peter Caray and kazi nazrul Islam stands against colonial influences through their personal life’s activities and as well as in their writings. Keywords: Colonialism, Anti-colonialism, Post colonialism, Rebellion, Power politics ...

Introduction to Discourse on Fever of Averroes

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Introduction to Discourse on Fever of Averroes Prof.Dr.Luisa Maria Arvide Cambra University of Almeria. Spain The 884th Arabic manuscript from the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Ms. DCCCLXXIX, according to Miquel Casiri´s cataloguing) contains in the folios 1rº-7rº and the folios 63vº-64vº two short treatises written by the great scholar from Cordova Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126-1198) on fever and its acute access. The first part (f.1rº to f.7rº), titled in Arabic Talkhīs Kitāb al-ḥummayyāt (Summary of fevers book), is a paraphrase of Galen´s De febris; and the second one (f.63vº to f.64vº) is a booklet that lacks a specific title and it possibly is the work called Masā’il fī-nawā’ib al-ḥummà (Questions about the acute access of fever) or Kalām fī-i‘tiqād zamān al-nūba (Speech on the acute bout of fever time). The present article is an approach to the study of these writings and provides the edition and the translation to English of some fragments as well as a brief introduction to the author and his main oeuvre. Keywords: Averroes. Scientific Literature. Fevers. Arabic Medieval Medicine. History of science ...

Promotion of Food Habits Adequate in School Space: an Educational Experience

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Promotion of Food Habits Adequate in School Space: an Educational Experience Silva M.A.C1; Silva C.S2; Pinto F.C.S3; Medeiros A.S4 1,2,3Centro Universitário do Vale do Ipojuca - UNIFAVIP DEVRY 4Centro universitário Maurício de Nassau – UNINASSAU Introduction: Alimentation is fundamental for the development of a child, therefore it, is important to put in place the fundamental structures from an early age. The school environment has a huge influence on these habits and therefore it is important from an early stage to promote good structure in the formation of those habits. Objective: Explain the approach taken within the school environment to promote good eating habits. Methodology: Treat the case of the public school of Bezerros where the children range in age from 8 to 10 years and are in the 3rd class of fundamental education. The intervention happened once and lasted 3 hours. What resources did you to create dialogue, how did the conversation go using digital support, how did the exhibition of the food pyramid go. As well, fruit was introduced as part of the discussion. Results and Discussion: 60 Students participated who during the entire presentation displayed an interest and attention. It was discussed the impact of each food type on the human organism. In the end, the students participated in sampling each of the foods available. It was noted that some had doubts about some of the verbal explanations given but these doubts were clarified. This active participation by the children allows the conclusion of positive development of the children. Conclusion: The success of this trial proved the team of the school the essential need to have such programmes in the school to promote good eating habits by the students. It also showed the necessity for those in control to ...

Digital Follow-up as an Engagement Strategy to Change Habits

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Digital Follow-up as an Engagement Strategy to Change Habits Medeiros B.P.M1; Caraciolo F.B2 1Estudante do Curso de Graduação em Nutrição - UFPE e Estagiária na empresa Eleve, 2Médica e Sócia Fundadora do Programa Eleve Introduction: Digital technology used to engage good habits in overweight and obese people. Objective: To analyze weight and practice of physical activities in participants of digital program for habit changes focused on the behavioral therapy. Methodology: Digital follow-up for 17 weeks of bodyweight, daily feeding and physical activity of five initially sedentary women (39-56 years) and provision of educational contents in four sequential modules: food reeducation (M1), physical activity (M2), sleep and well-being (M3) and maintenance of habits (M4). Weekly, a multiprofessional health team identified risk points and constructed interventions. These were based on food and physical activity goals, as well as reflective conversations and engagement by a health mentor via chat and/or phone call. There was no prescription of diets and/or physical exercise training. Analysis performed with paired T test (initial weight vs final) and repeated measures ANOVA (time of physical activity between modules), significance level of 5%. Results and Discussion: The initial group’s bodyweight reduced 6.84% ± 2.73 (mean ± C.I.) (F=5.58; P=0.01). The adherence to physical activity was 100%, each module with weekly mean time (mean ± S.D.) in minutes: M1 141.8 ± 32.3; M2 214.8 ± 53.3; M3 178.4 ± 34.5 and M4 158.3 ± 48.4. In M2, there was more time invested in the practice regarding M1 (P=0.01) and M4 (P=0.047). In addition to weight loss, there was a clear behavioral change with adherence to the regular practice of physical activity by all participants. The motivational character to the regular physical activity in the M2 can justify the greater adhesion in this ...

Dr. Asyraf Hj Ab Rahman
Professor and Dean, Department of Government and Civilization Studies, Centre for Fundamental and Liberal Education,Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

Dr. Michael J. Gonzalez
Professor of History, Director of History MA Program, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA 92110

Dr. Thierno Thiam
Chair and Associate Professor, Department of History and Political Science, College of Arts and Sciences, Tuskegee University

Dr. Zinchenko Viktor Viktorovich
Principal research scientist of the Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine; Professor of the department of management and innovative technologies of social and cultural activities of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University; Head of the Department of Management of the Ukrainian Institute of Arts and Sciences;

Dr. Taher Badinjki
Professor, Dept. of English, Faculty of Arts, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan

Prof. Dr. Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, M.Hum.
Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Dana R. Chandler
University Archivist/Assistant Professor, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Alabama.

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Farhana Haque
Department of English and Humanities, Brac University, Bangladesh

Dr. Syed Damsaz Ali Andrabi
History, Government Degree College Boys Pulwama, Kashmir, J& K,192301

Dr. Manisha Choudhary
Assistant Professor, CAS-Department of History, Faculty of Social sciences, University of Delhi

Dr. Naser Jamil Alzaidiyeen
Assistant Professor, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/ Majmaah University College of Science and Humanities

Dr. Manoj Kumar
Assistant Professor, Amity University Rajasthan

Assistant Professor,Department of History, Marthoma College

Dr. Onek, C. Adyanga
Associate Professor, History Department, Millersville University of Pennsylvania

Dr. Silvia Regina Alves Fernandes
Associate Professor, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro – UFRRJ

Dr. Luisa Maria Arvide Cambra
Professor and Chair, University of Almeria, Spain

Dr. Masood Mashkoor
Professor and Dean, Faculty Management & Administrative Sciences Federal Urdu University Arts, Science and Technology

Dr Marco Ceccarelli
Professor,LARM: Laboratory of Robotics and Mechatronics, DiCEM – University of Cassino and South Latium, Via Di Biasio 43, 03043 Cassino (Fr), Italy

Dr. Abdulai Iddrisu
Associate Professor, History/Africa and the African Diaspora, St. Olaf College, Minnesota, United States

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Ikechukwu Anthony KANU
Professor of Religion, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University and Rector, Augustinian Institute

Dr. Moïra Anne Müller
Professor, Ancient Greek Philosophy, Internationale School voor Wijsbegeerte (ISVW), Leusden, The Netherlands

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Giuseppina Ferriello
Historian and Independent Researcher, Italy

Dr. Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy
Banking University

Dr. E. J. O. Ndubisi
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University

Dr. Adeyemi Johnson ADEMOWO
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Sociology, Afe Babalola University,

Prof. K M Vishnu Namboodiri
Head, Department of History, Mar Thoma College Tiruvalla

Dr. Vicente Alanoca
National University of Altiplano (Puno-Perú)

Dr. Alexander Franco
Director of the Centre for International Business and Educational Research, Strategy First Institute, Yangon and Mandalay

Dr. Ravi Khangai
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Adjunct Faculty, Hindu University of America

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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American Journal of History and Culture