American Journal of History and Culture


Balkan Wars and the Albanian issue

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Balkan Wars and the Albanian issue QAFLESHI, MUHARREM , Mr. Sc. Phd (c) PRISHTINA UNIVERSITY, DEPARTAMENT OF HISTORY Albanian Address: Street “Bil Clinton” nr. n.n. 22060 Bellobrad -Kosovo This paper will elaborate the collapse of the Turkish rule in the Balkans and the future fate of Albania, embarking on the new plans of the invasive politics of the Balkan Alliance, especially of Serbia, Montenegro and Greece. Then the dramatic events during the Balkan Wars 1912-1913, the occupation of Kosovo and other Albanian lands by Serbia, the Albanian resistance with special focus on Luma, Opoja and Gora. It will also discuss the rapid developments of the Balkan Wars, which accelerated the Declaration of the Independence of Albania on 28 November, 1912, and organization of the Ambassadors Conference in London, which decided to recognize the Autonomy of Albania with today’s borders. Then, information about the inhumane crimes of the Serbian Army against the Albanian freedom-loving people, committing unprecedented crimes against the civilian population, is given. Keywords: Serbia, Montenegro, Ottoman Empire, Gora, Opoja, Luma ...

Unearth the Issues of Colonialism, Anti Colonialism and Post Colonialism: A Comparative Study of English, Bengali and Australian Literary world

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Unearth the Issues of Colonialism, Anti Colonialism and Post Colonialism: A Comparative Study of English, Bengali and Australian Literary world Farhana Haque Brac University, Mohakhali, Dhaka,Bangladesh This paper will explore the concept of colonial enterprise in Western world, while on the other hands, it will focus on the counterpoint of colonial attitudes through the Eastern and Australian writers. England is a country of colonizers. Unlike Australia and Bangladesh are the countries of colonized inhabitants. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, Mansfield Park by Jane Austen, Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, all those novels are based on colonial aspect. Here I would like to focus on the superior traits of Western people, therefore will attempt to show their colonial impact on Eastern and Australian literary world. To analyse about the Western writers notion regarding colonialism all of those three quintessential novels would strongly exhibit that how charlotte Bronte, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, showed the westerners are the superior, or master over their colonized people. On the contrary, Australian famous writer Peter Carey and Bangladesh’s rebel poet Kazi nazrul Islam will uphold the consolidate counterpoint against colonialism. They both are the examples of nationalism, patriotism, rebellion, and insurgence. This research will also examines the Extent to which Charlotte Bronte, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens shaped colonial policy in their writing while on the other hands Peter Caray and kazi nazrul Islam stands against colonial influences through their personal life’s activities and as well as in their writings. Keywords: Colonialism, Anti-colonialism, Post colonialism, Rebellion, Power politics ...

Introduction to Discourse on Fever of Averroes

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Introduction to Discourse on Fever of Averroes Prof.Dr.Luisa Maria Arvide Cambra University of Almeria. Spain The 884th Arabic manuscript from the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Ms. DCCCLXXIX, according to Miquel Casiri´s cataloguing) contains in the folios 1rº-7rº and the folios 63vº-64vº two short treatises written by the great scholar from Cordova Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126-1198) on fever and its acute access. The first part (f.1rº to f.7rº), titled in Arabic Talkhīs Kitāb al-ḥummayyāt (Summary of fevers book), is a paraphrase of Galen´s De febris; and the second one (f.63vº to f.64vº) is a booklet that lacks a specific title and it possibly is the work called Masā’il fī-nawā’ib al-ḥummà (Questions about the acute access of fever) or Kalām fī-i‘tiqād zamān al-nūba (Speech on the acute bout of fever time). The present article is an approach to the study of these writings and provides the edition and the translation to English of some fragments as well as a brief introduction to the author and his main oeuvre. Keywords: Averroes. Scientific Literature. Fevers. Arabic Medieval Medicine. History of science ...

Promotion of Food Habits Adequate in School Space: an Educational Experience

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Promotion of Food Habits Adequate in School Space: an Educational Experience Silva M.A.C1; Silva C.S2; Pinto F.C.S3; Medeiros A.S4 1,2,3Centro Universitário do Vale do Ipojuca - UNIFAVIP DEVRY 4Centro universitário Maurício de Nassau – UNINASSAU Introduction: Alimentation is fundamental for the development of a child, therefore it, is important to put in place the fundamental structures from an early age. The school environment has a huge influence on these habits and therefore it is important from an early stage to promote good structure in the formation of those habits. Objective: Explain the approach taken within the school environment to promote good eating habits. Methodology: Treat the case of the public school of Bezerros where the children range in age from 8 to 10 years and are in the 3rd class of fundamental education. The intervention happened once and lasted 3 hours. What resources did you to create dialogue, how did the conversation go using digital support, how did the exhibition of the food pyramid go. As well, fruit was introduced as part of the discussion. Results and Discussion: 60 Students participated who during the entire presentation displayed an interest and attention. It was discussed the impact of each food type on the human organism. In the end, the students participated in sampling each of the foods available. It was noted that some had doubts about some of the verbal explanations given but these doubts were clarified. This active participation by the children allows the conclusion of positive development of the children. Conclusion: The success of this trial proved the team of the school the essential need to have such programmes in the school to promote good eating habits by the students. It also showed the necessity for those in control to ...

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American Journal of History and Culture

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