American Journal of History and Culture

Digital Follow-up as an Engagement Strategy to Change Habits

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture Digital Follow-up as an Engagement Strategy to Change Habits Medeiros B.P.M1; Caraciolo F.B2 1Estudante do Curso de Graduação em Nutrição - UFPE e Estagiária na empresa Eleve, 2Médica e Sócia Fundadora do Programa Eleve Introduction: Digital technology used to engage good habits in overweight and obese people. Objective: To analyze weight and practice of physical activities in participants of digital program for habit changes focused on the behavioral therapy. Methodology: Digital follow-up for 17 weeks of bodyweight, daily feeding and physical activity of five initially sedentary women (39-56 years) and provision of educational contents in four sequential modules: food reeducation (M1), physical activity (M2), sleep and well-being (M3) and maintenance of habits (M4). Weekly, a multiprofessional health team identified risk points and constructed interventions. These were based on food and physical activity goals, as well as reflective conversations and engagement by a health mentor via chat and/or phone call. There was no prescription of diets and/or physical exercise training. Analysis performed with paired T test (initial weight vs final) and repeated measures ANOVA (time of physical activity between modules), significance level of 5%. Results and Discussion: The initial group’s bodyweight reduced 6.84% ± 2.73 (mean ± C.I.) (F=5.58; P=0.01). The adherence to physical activity was 100%, each module with weekly mean time (mean ± S.D.) in minutes: M1 141.8 ± 32.3; M2 214.8 ± 53.3; M3 178.4 ± 34.5 and M4 158.3 ± 48.4. In M2, there was more time invested in the practice regarding M1 (P=0.01) and M4 (P=0.047). In addition to weight loss, there was a clear behavioral change with adherence to the regular practice of physical activity by all participants. The motivational character to the regular physical activity in the M2 can justify the greater adhesion in this ...

A Report in Popular Health Education

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture A Report in Popular Health Education Silva, L.F.T1; Brazão, G2; Sousa, R.A3; Silva, T.P.S4 1,2Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - UFPE; 3Estudante do Curso de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 4Doutora em Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE. To Introduction: Nowadays, with various counter-reforms in social security, social assistance, health, among others, we see many rights guaranteed by the 1988 Constitution, taken from citizens. In this way, the awareness and information of the population is essential to create an engagement in a fight against the loss of its guarantees. Objective: to report the experience of a lecture with the theme “What is Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS)?” for residents of the 27 de novembro Community, neighborhood of Ibura, Recife - Pernambuco. Methodology: The proposal was developed on December 2, 2016 in the form of deliberation, offered by a group of medical students from the Federal University of Pernambuco, in partnership with local community health agents. The theme was worked on four axes: 1- Origin of SUS; 2. Doctrinal and organizational principles of SUS; 3- Counter-reforms in Social Security; 4- Importance of Social Control in SUS. Results: The vast majority of community residents present approved the presentation in their proposal, content and format, considering the important theme for the formation of a critical sense on the subject and when called to a community meeting in January of 2017, in order to organize sanitary and social claims, 100% of those present were interested. Discussion: It can be considered that the experience contributed significantly to the teaching and learning dyad by the articulation of medical students, health workers and community members, and in this sense, it is considered a ...

The familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture The familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability Gomes M.C.P¹, Silva T.M.A², Araújo M.R³, Nóbrega K.B.G4 1Terapeuta Ocupacional 2Terapeuta Ocupacional 3Docente do Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 4Docente do Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Introduction: Adolescence is a stage of human development marked by intense transformations, causing vulnerability to mental health issues in many adolescents. One of the risk factors for this to happen is the familiar relationship in which the adolescent is inserted. Objective: In face of this, the study aimed to study the familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability. Metodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study, with quantitative analysis of data. 21 adolescents, from both sexes, from 10 to 16 years were part of the study. Results and Discussion: Data was collected through a socioeconomic questionnaire, the Escala de Exigência e Responsividade, known as Ecomapa. Results showed that the adolescents boys hold a strong relationship with their parents, the girls, had the opposite response, relating a greater effort from themselves to the relationship. The girls showed a higher level of exigence, while the boys showed responsiveness. Conclusion: The predominant parental model was the negligent, revealing the necessity of a greater investment from parents for their children, with dialogic approach, stimulating autonomy and interactivity. Keywords: Adolescent; Familiar Relationship; Social Vulnerability ...

Dream of Having Superpowers: Comparison between Good and Bad Superpowers in Real Life as a Person According to Science

Review Article of American Journal of History and Culture Dream of Having Superpowers: Comparison between Good and Bad Superpowers in Real Life as a Person According to Science Farhana Haque Brac University, Mohakhali, Dhaka,Banglades To acquire any kinds of superpowers, most of the people are absolutely desperate. Inside of their mind they actually use to dream about helping the entire human race by using their superpowers. Here i have the intention to elucidate this matter of having or dreaming about superpowers with different logics. As we know that, according to science human have a fabulous body mechanism with genius super computer brain, which can accumulate, scan and then send essential conscious and unconscious orders/directions to other parts of human body. On this point, i would like to add about Rick Hanson’s statements. He denotes, “ On average each of the 1000 billion neurons in your head has about 1,000 connections with other neurons, creating huge network of about 100 trillion synapses. Like a computer network built from one hundred trillion transistors, each responding a “bit” of information depending on whether it is on or off”. Hanson. R. ( 2007) Your Static Wonderful Brain. So in this way we can define the articulation of human’s actions through brain. Human brain can process various types of functions and come up with different kinds of decisions. Those decisions could be categorized as good or evil which have some connections with the concept of superpowers. Keywords: Superpowers, Situations and Relationships, Real life, Negativity, Positivity ...

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American Journal of History and Culture