American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews

Thermal Lower Limbs Response After Acute Exercise in Elderly With Osteoarthritis

Research Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews Thermal Lower Limbs Response After Acute Exercise in Elderly With Osteoarthritis Brito C.J. 1, 3, Miarka B1, Moreira D.G2,3, Marins J.C.B4, Quintana M.S3 1Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora – Campus Governador Valadares 2Instituto Federal Minas Gerais - Campus Governador Valadares, 3Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 4Universidade Federal de Viçosa Introduction: Staying physically active is critical for an individual who has osteoarthritis, depending on the degree of joint inflammation, there will be present a lower mobility, affecting the of daily life activities. Aims: This study investigated the skin thermal response of lower limbs in elderly with or without osteoarthritis before and after exercise. Methods: 70 elderlies (75.1±6.7 yrs., wt: 70.5 ±9.3 kg, ht:1.6±0.1 m, BMI: 29±3.4 kg/m2) were divided in 4 groups: men with osteoarthritis (n=7), men control (n=17), women with osteoarthritis (n=13), women control (n=33). Results and Discussion: Men with osteoarthritis presented higher temperature in the anterior and posterior thigh before exercise in comparison to the Control (p<0.05), but there was a significant decrease after exercise (anterior: -1.1±1.0 and -1.6±1.5 oC for right and left; respectively, posterior: -1.3±1.5 and -1.6±2.0 oC for right and left; respectively). Similar results were observed in the women (p<0.05) in the posterior thigh (-0.6±1.0 and -0.6±0.9 oC for right and left; respectively) and anterior leg (p <0.05, -0.6±0.9 and -0.6±0.8 oC for right and left; respectively). In the knee, men with osteoarthritis have a lower pre-exercise temperature (-0.7±0.9 and 0.5±1.2 oC for right and left; respectively) in comparison to the Control, but was but there was a significant increase (p<0.05), after exercise (1.8±2.0 and 2.1±2.2 oC for right and left; respectively). Conclusion: subjects with osteoarthritis present a higher skin temperature in the thigh before exercise, but occurred decreases after exercise. In contrast, the pre-exercise skin temperature ...

The Prevalence of Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Cord Injury in Young Adults in Brazil

Review Article of American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews The Prevalence of Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Cord Injury in Young Adults in Brazil Oliveira N.K.B1, Silva L.A2, Bonfim P.P3, Dias E4, Azevedo I.G.B5, Amorim E.S6 1,2,3Graduando da Faculdade Nossa Senhora das Graças – FENSG/UPE; 4Enfermeiro; 5Enfermeiro. Especialista em Emergência e UTI. Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife-PE-Brasil; 6Docente, Pesquisadora do Programa de Ensino e Pesquisa em Acidentes e Violências – PEPEAV. Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife- PE-Brasil Introduction: Spinal cord injury (MRT) is a traumatic external injury that compromises or not the function of the spinal cord or nerve roots. In Brazil it is estimated that about 40 new cases per year per million inhabitants occur. OBJECTIVES: To compare scientific publications through an integrative review, related to the prevalence of MRT in young adults in Brazil. Methodology: This is an integrative review based on articles from LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences) and SCIELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), published from 2007 to 2017. It was built in the following phases: 1) problem formulation 2) data collection 3) data evaluation 4) analysis and interpretation 5) presentation of results. Results and Discussion: It was observed that the articles found that deal with spinal cord trauma, point to the prevalence of MRT in an age group that picks up from childhood the old age being more recurrent in young male adults. The results reveal that accidents involving cervical trauma are more frequent in the age group of 20- to 30-year-old males. It has also been observed in state hospitals that TRM injuries generate a longer time of hospitalization and, consequently, an increase in hospitalization costs. The main etiologies of TRM were falls and traffic accidents with cars and motorcycles. Conclusion: It is extremely important to educate the population about the risks of TRM ...

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. POLAND

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

Department of Medical Oncology Al Bairouni University Hospital, Ex-specialist in Lyon-sud Hospital Department of Hematology Lyon-france

Dr. P. ShnamugaRaju
Assoc.Professor & I/C Head, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Chalmeda AnandRao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar-505001 Telangana, India.

Dr. Yousif Mohamed Y. Abdallah
Professor (Assistant), Radiological Science and Medical Imaging Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.SENHAJI Said; ABDULRAZAK Saeed; KACIMI ALAOUI Mehdi ; EL IDRISSI Mohamed ; EL IBRAHIMI Abdelhalim ; EL MRINI Abdelmajid Intramuscular myxoma of the thigh: a rare case report.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:6. DOI:10.28933/ajorr-2018-06-2401 
2.Melo, M.C.F, Macêdo, T.S, Oliveira, J.C, Araújo, M.G.C, Vidal, A.K.L.Interrelationship Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontitis.American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4 

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American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Orthopedic Research and Reviews  (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Orthopedic Research and Reviews