American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews


To report the experience of training in suicide prevention for health professionals in Pernambuco

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews To report the experience of training in suicide prevention for health professionals in Pernambuco Sousa, R.A1, Silva, W.R2; Melo, I.F.O3, Silva, A.C.P.S4, Vasconcelos, S.C5; Silva, T.P.S6 1Estudante do Curso de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco–UFPE; 2 Estudante do Curso de Nutrição da Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau– UNINASSAU, 3,4 Psicóloga da Prefeitura Municipal do Recife, 5,6Doutora em Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento– UFPE Introduction: Nowadays, mental health work is understood through team work and aimed at the collective with the perspective of articulating and adding knowledge. In this sense, the broadening of the professionals perspective and training is essential to enhance care, especially in the issues of coping with self-inflicted violence, especially the suicidal behavior responsible for the death of approximately 800,000 people per year. Objective: to report the experience of training in the subject of suicide prevention for health professionals in the state of Pernambuco. Methodology: The proposal was developed in September 2017 in the training format, offered by a group of researchers from the Federal University of Pernambuco. The target audience was the professionals who work at the various levels of mental healthcare in the State of Pernambuco. The training was structured in three thematic axes: 1- Basic concepts; 2- Risk factors and profiles; 3- Management and prevention. Results and Discussion: The vast majority of professionals approved the proposal, in its 90,3% format, thematic 95,0% and content 97,0%. In total 99,0% considered the action to be important for their professional training and ensures afety regarding retention and apprehension of the subject, and can contribute more effectively to the issue of suicidal behavior. It can be considered that the experience contributed significantly to teaching and scientific research through the articulation of university researchers and professionals in mental healthcare, ...

The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer 1 A. Lima E. S.¹, Lima A. D.² ¹Psicóloga pela UNESA/Pós-Graduada em Psicologia Clínica pela PUC Rio/Estudante de Psicologia Clínica Hospitalar na FPS. E-mail: eliane.stolima@gmail.com; ²Psicólogo pela FAFIRE/ Estudante de Psicologia Clínica Hospitalar na FPS. Introduction: The psychologist’s intervention in palliative care has widened glances on the dignity of the patient with chronic-degenerative diseases. In this way we perceive the relevance of the psychologist’s possibilities in acting together with the patient-family-health team. The aim of this study is to discuss the role of the psychologist in the context of palliative care in patients with cancer, relatives and staff. The methodology used was a bibliographic review. About the results found, points to the increasing number of people with chronic-degenerative diseases having cancers as one of the leading causes of death in the world. This fact emerges the need to include palliative care in the ongoing training of psychologists. In oncology, the recurrence of palliative chemotherapy, where patients adhere to relieve symptoms in their final months, promise to increase the life span and may also slow down the pain. But prolonging the life span is always the best option? In this scenario, the hospital psychologist, along with the team and their families, is responsible for promoting respect for the patient’s rights to make their own choices, presenting clear data about the disease and its evolution and respecting its limits of understanding and emotional tolerance. In addition to also acting on the quality of life of patients with end-stage cancer, as a facilitating agent in coping with stressful, sometimes aversive, events related to the treatment process, among them: aggressive pharmacological therapy and its side effects. The psycho oncology concludes ...

Association Between Cognitive Factors and Visual Hallucinations in Parkinsons Disease

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Association Between Cognitive Factors and Visual Hallucinations in Parkinsons Disease Araújo M.L.S1, Inácio A.V.T2, Inácio M.L.G.T³, Coriolano M.G.W.S4 1,2,3Medical School Student of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE; 4University Professor/Researcher at the Department of Human Anatomy of the Center of Biosciences of the Federal University of Pernambuco -UFPE. Introduction: Parkinson’s disease has a chronic and neurodegenerative evolution. With population aging, its incidence and prevalence increase. Its clinical features consist mainly of tremor, stiffness and bradykinesia; however, it is increasingly evident that non-motor symptoms, even if they are outside the diagnostic criteria, may be more disabling than motor manifestations. Studies indicate that visual hallucinations may be a prodromal symptom for cognitive impairment in these patients. Objective: To verify the association between visual hallucinations as a predictive factor for the development of cognitive alterations in Parkinson’s disease. Methodology: A search was performed on the PubMed and BVS databases, using the descriptors “Hallucinations”, “Cognition” and “Parkinson’s disease”. The inclusion criteria were: articles published between 2013 and 2017, in English and that fit the theme chosen. Review articles and on animals were excluded. Results and Discussion: From the 54 articles located, only 15 were in the focus of this review. Although visual hallucinations occur in about a quarter of patients with Parkinson’s disease, they are not well recognized in medical practice, even though they are associated with the onset of psychosis, motor signals and more severe depression, and are an important risk factor for the development of dementia in Parkinson’s Disease. Therefore, the early recognition of visual hallucinations and cognitive changes in this disease would allow directed intervention in the early stages and a better prognosis. Conclusion: The studies point to the need of the identification of visual hallucinations and cognitive impairment in ...

Speech Therapy Intervention in Relation of the Patient With Chronic Non-progressive Encephalopathy Experience Report

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Speech Therapy Intervention in Relation of the Patient With Chronic Non-progressive Encephalopathy-Experience Report Melo A.M.S1, Feitosa A.L.F1, Azevêdo N.C2, Sá M.S.D.C2, Canuto M.S.B3 1Student of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course – UNCISAL, 2Students of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course – UNCISAL; 3,4Speech Therapist; 5Assistant Professor of Speech Therapy - UNCISAL Introduction: Chronic Non-Progressive Encephalopathy, commonly known as cerebral palsy, is one of the most common childhood disorders, arising in early childhood. It is characterized by being a persistent disorder in several structures and functions (of tonus, posture and movement), causing a series of limitations regarding the accomplishment of functional activities. Objective: To report the experience of the practical activities of the compulsory supervised internship of speech therapy course in relation to the patient with Chronic Non-Progressive Encephalopathy. Methodology: During the supervised stage, actions were carried out for speech-language intervention in patients with CNPE, where was carried out anamnesis, evaluation, speech-language therapy, guidelines and, when necessary, the patients were referred to the other specialties according to the needs observed. During the speech-language evaluation process, the analysis of the development of language aspects, communicative skills, evaluation of the functions and structures of the stomatoglossognatic system and auditory perception through musical resources and sound instruments were made. The intervention occurred on a weekly basis, with half an hour of duration, being stimulated the aspects of the language and worked the orofacial myofunctional structures. Results and Discussion: It was possible to observe that all the patients had enough communicative intention, development of language appropriate to the age group, however, they presented alterations in the stomatoglossognatic system with impairment of mobility, sensitivity and tonicity of the phonoarticulatory organs, emphasizing: orofacial hypotonia, with interference of the musculature for the complete absence of lip seal, ...

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews

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