American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews


The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer 1 A. Lima E. S.¹, Lima A. D.² ¹Psicóloga pela UNESA/Pós-Graduada em Psicologia Clínica pela PUC Rio/Estudante de Psicologia Clínica Hospitalar na FPS. E-mail: eliane.stolima@gmail.com; ²Psicólogo pela FAFIRE/ Estudante de Psicologia Clínica Hospitalar na FPS. Introduction: The psychologist’s intervention in palliative care has widened glances on the dignity of the patient with chronic-degenerative diseases. In this way we perceive the relevance of the psychologist’s possibilities in acting together with the patient-family-health team. The aim of this study is to discuss the role of the psychologist in the context of palliative care in patients with cancer, relatives and staff. The methodology used was a bibliographic review. About the results found, points to the increasing number of people with chronic-degenerative diseases having cancers as one of the leading causes of death in the world. This fact emerges the need to include palliative care in the ongoing training of psychologists. In oncology, the recurrence of palliative chemotherapy, where patients adhere to relieve symptoms in their final months, promise to increase the life span and may also slow down the pain. But prolonging the life span is always the best option? In this scenario, the hospital psychologist, along with the team and their families, is responsible for promoting respect for the patient’s rights to make their own choices, presenting clear data about the disease and its evolution and respecting its limits of understanding and emotional tolerance. In addition to also acting on the quality of life of patients with end-stage cancer, as a facilitating agent in coping with stressful, sometimes aversive, events related to the treatment process, among them: aggressive pharmacological therapy and its side effects. The psycho oncology concludes ...

Association Between Cognitive Factors and Visual Hallucinations in Parkinsons Disease

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Association Between Cognitive Factors and Visual Hallucinations in Parkinsons Disease Araújo M.L.S1, Inácio A.V.T2, Inácio M.L.G.T³, Coriolano M.G.W.S4 1,2,3Medical School Student of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE; 4University Professor/Researcher at the Department of Human Anatomy of the Center of Biosciences of the Federal University of Pernambuco -UFPE. Introduction: Parkinson’s disease has a chronic and neurodegenerative evolution. With population aging, its incidence and prevalence increase. Its clinical features consist mainly of tremor, stiffness and bradykinesia; however, it is increasingly evident that non-motor symptoms, even if they are outside the diagnostic criteria, may be more disabling than motor manifestations. Studies indicate that visual hallucinations may be a prodromal symptom for cognitive impairment in these patients. Objective: To verify the association between visual hallucinations as a predictive factor for the development of cognitive alterations in Parkinson’s disease. Methodology: A search was performed on the PubMed and BVS databases, using the descriptors “Hallucinations”, “Cognition” and “Parkinson’s disease”. The inclusion criteria were: articles published between 2013 and 2017, in English and that fit the theme chosen. Review articles and on animals were excluded. Results and Discussion: From the 54 articles located, only 15 were in the focus of this review. Although visual hallucinations occur in about a quarter of patients with Parkinson’s disease, they are not well recognized in medical practice, even though they are associated with the onset of psychosis, motor signals and more severe depression, and are an important risk factor for the development of dementia in Parkinson’s Disease. Therefore, the early recognition of visual hallucinations and cognitive changes in this disease would allow directed intervention in the early stages and a better prognosis. Conclusion: The studies point to the need of the identification of visual hallucinations and cognitive impairment in ...

Speech Therapy Intervention in Relation of the Patient With Chronic Non-progressive Encephalopathy Experience Report

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Speech Therapy Intervention in Relation of the Patient With Chronic Non-progressive Encephalopathy-Experience Report Melo A.M.S1, Feitosa A.L.F1, Azevêdo N.C2, Sá M.S.D.C2, Canuto M.S.B3 1Student of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course – UNCISAL, 2Students of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course – UNCISAL; 3,4Speech Therapist; 5Assistant Professor of Speech Therapy - UNCISAL Introduction: Chronic Non-Progressive Encephalopathy, commonly known as cerebral palsy, is one of the most common childhood disorders, arising in early childhood. It is characterized by being a persistent disorder in several structures and functions (of tonus, posture and movement), causing a series of limitations regarding the accomplishment of functional activities. Objective: To report the experience of the practical activities of the compulsory supervised internship of speech therapy course in relation to the patient with Chronic Non-Progressive Encephalopathy. Methodology: During the supervised stage, actions were carried out for speech-language intervention in patients with CNPE, where was carried out anamnesis, evaluation, speech-language therapy, guidelines and, when necessary, the patients were referred to the other specialties according to the needs observed. During the speech-language evaluation process, the analysis of the development of language aspects, communicative skills, evaluation of the functions and structures of the stomatoglossognatic system and auditory perception through musical resources and sound instruments were made. The intervention occurred on a weekly basis, with half an hour of duration, being stimulated the aspects of the language and worked the orofacial myofunctional structures. Results and Discussion: It was possible to observe that all the patients had enough communicative intention, development of language appropriate to the age group, however, they presented alterations in the stomatoglossognatic system with impairment of mobility, sensitivity and tonicity of the phonoarticulatory organs, emphasizing: orofacial hypotonia, with interference of the musculature for the complete absence of lip seal, ...

To conduct a literature review on the effects of virtual reality in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinsons disease

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews To conduct a literature review on the effects of virtual reality in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's disease Silva K.M.G¹, Gonçalves C.M², Cabral T.M³, Morais A.T.B4 1,2,3Estudantes do Curso de Fisioterapia-UNIBRA; 4Mestre em Fisioterapia pela UFPE; 5Mestre em Fisioterapia pela UFPE Introduction: Due to the increased aging, growing chronic and degenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder, which is caused by the degeneration of substantia nigra cells. The main signs of PD are tremor at rest, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia, idle and commitment in postural control and balance. Being frequent the use of technology applied to rehabilitation, one of them is virtual reality (VR), which stimulates the movement of the whole body by means of computer-based games, in order to recreate and enhance the sense of reality to the player with interactive games. The RV not immersive, the player interacts with the game, but it has the feeling of being in the real world by using, for example, joystick or common screen uses more interfaces for Nitendo Wii or Microsoft KinectTM, to assist in the rehabilitation of elderly people with PD. Objectives: To conduct a literature review on the effects of RV in the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: A literature review was performed from items available in Scielo databases, PubMed, Lilacs, Medline in August 2017, selecting articles published from 2012 to 2017. Results and Discussion: Initially found 85 studies with the theme proposal, among them, 77 were excluded according to the exclusion criteria. Selecting articles 8, 4 case studies and literature reviews 4. Results report that RV helps increase the speed and movement time, gait, balance, postural control and reduction of falls. Conclusion: RV helps enhance the physiotherapeutic treatment both in motor control, functionality, ...

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1.Sousa, R.A, Silva, W.R; Melo, I.F.O, Silva, A.C.P.S, Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. to report the experience of training in suicide prevention for health professionals in Pernambuco.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:1 
2.Lima E. S., Lima A. D. The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:2 

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-479X, DOI:10.28933/AJPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Psychiatric Research and Reviews  (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews

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