American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays


The Doppler effect of spectral lines and shift of the frequency of light in space

Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays The Doppler effect of spectral lines and shift of the frequency of light in space Jozef Babiak The Doppler effect of spectral lines in space is the change in the frequency of light emitted by an illuminated celestial body, which moves closer or farther away from the Earth in vacuum. A description of the change in light frequency is realized with the assumption that an illuminated celestial body in vacuum moves closer or farther away from the observer in vacuum. In this case, the propagation of light of the moving celestial body toward an observer also occurs in vacuum. Everywhere on Earth and in the surrounding space there is matter, so the choice of vacuum for the Doppler effect and the propagation of light from the moving celestial body toward the observer is not correct. From the observation of space as we know it, such as galaxies and stars, the area between the celestial bodies consists of a vacuum, but in some restricted spaces of the universe there is a transparent mass - gas, that moves at high speed against Earth. These spaces in universe filled by gas were called “intergalactic bubbles of gas” by astronomers. The propagation of light on the trajectory from an illuminated celestial body toward the observer takes place not only in a vacuum, but alternately also in the gases of intergalactic bubbles, respecting the laws of optics. The topic of the propagation of light in the universe is a very broad topic. For further information, please see reference [1], [2] and [3] ...

Market Chain Analysis of Koka Reservoir Fish in Ethiopia

Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Market Chain Analysis of Koka Reservoir Fish in Ethiopia Abebe Cheffo1 , Lemma Zemedu (PhD)2 and Endrias Geta (PhD)2 1 national Fishery and Other Aquatic Life Research Center P.O.Box 64 Sebeta 2 Haramaya University, Department of Agricultural Economics P.O.Box 138 Dire Dawa This study analyzed the fish market chain of Koka reservoir in Ethiopia which is found in Oromia Region, East shoa and Arsi zones. The objectives of the study were to assess the structure, conduct and performance of fish marketing as well as identify factors affecting fish market supply. The study was based on the data obtained from a sample of 104 fishers and 36 traders in the fish market chain. Both descriptive and econometric methods were employed to analyze the data. About 65% Tilapia (Coroso), 21% Catfish (Ambanza) and 14% Carp (Abasamuel) were the type of fish which dominantly appear in the day to day marketing activities of the fishers. The major determinant factors of market supply were estimated by using multiple linear regression models. The fish market performance was also measured using indicators of marketing margins. According to the results, there were three kinds of fish marketing channels i.e fishers to consumers, fishers to retailers then consumers, fishers to fishery cooperatives, wholesalers then consumers. The result showed that transportation and filleting costs were the largest costs of marketing followed by gutting cost. The price of a kilogram of filleted tilapia varied from 18 birr at landing site to 75 birr at Atiklt Tera in Addis Ababa. The Ordinary Least Square results indicated that education level, availability of credit facility and ownership of fishing license significantly affected the amount of fish supplied to market by fishers in the study area. Expanding adult education in fishery community, facilitating access to credit facility ...

Adsorption Kinects and Isotherms for Removal of Rhodamine B

Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Adsorption Kinects and Isotherms for Removal of Rhodamine B (dye) using Adsorbents prepared from drinking water treatment sludge  M.Nageeb Rashed*1, M.A.El-Daim El Taher1, S. M. M. Fadlalla2 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Egypt 2. Aswan Company for Water and Wastewater, Aswan, Egypt The present work aims to investigate the removal of Rhodamine B dye (RB) from aqueous solution by using adsorbents prepared from alum sludge (AS) and Mud sludge (MS) of drinking water treatment plant. The effect of dye concentration, contact time, pH, temperature and adsorbent dose on the dye removal was studied. The equilibrium adsorption data of RB dye on the developed adsorbents were analyzed by the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) Isotherms. The sorption data fitted well to Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum dye removal efficiency was observed at pH 7, contact time 90 min,and 0.1-0.25 gm dosage for both (AS) and (MS) adsorbents . Also, four kinetic models such as Pseudo-first order, Pseudo-second order, Intraparticle diffusion and Elovich models were tested to interpret the experimental data. The kinetic experimental data were fitted well to Pseudo-second order model.The thermodynamics parameters of adsorption system indicated spontaneous and endothermic process. Results indicate the effectiveness of the developed adsorbents for removing RB dye. Keywords:  sweage sludge, Rhodamine B, adsorption, pollution, wastewater ...

Conventional and Molecular Diagnostic Tools for Genital Tuberculosis

Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Comparative Study on Conventional and Molecular Diagnostic Tools for Genital Tuberculosis Correlating with Infertility in Indian Women Gargi Kumari1,2, Amit Mani Tiwari1, Divya Goel2 and Sanjay Mishra1,* 1Department of Biotechnology, IFTM University, Lodhipur Rajput, Delhi Road (NH 24), Moradabad 244102, UP, India; 2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry & Pathology, Sri Sai Hospital, Delhi Road, Near Loco Shed Bridge, Moradabad 244 001, U.P., India Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent for tuberculosis, has been comprehensively studied for over a century now. But the disease still remains a major public health concern today in the 21st century. The precised and authenticated diagnosis is mandatorily pre-requisite to proper medication and cure of tuberculosis that specifically interferes and thus complicating physiological and biochemical mechanism of setting pregnancy in Indian women ranging between the age of 18-40 years. Various combinations of conventional and modern diagnostic tools were considered and monitored for the best possible option. Data obtained from the present study provides new insights into PCR with modified and advanced protocol likely to be competent as a novel molecular diagnostic technique for rapid and précised diagnosis of genital tuberculosis causing infertility in developing countries. Keywords:  Amenorrhea, Endoscopy–laparoscopy, Genital tuberculosis, Hysteroscopy, Menorrhagia, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Oligomenorrhea, PCR ...

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Mehdi Rashidi
Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management, Systems, Tongji Clean Energy Institute of advanced studies- Tongji University.

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Piyush Chaudhary
Assistant Professor, Deptt of Ras Shastra (Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics), Incharge, Gurukul Pharmacy, MSM Institute of Ayurveda, BPS Women University, Khanpur Kalan, Sonepat, Haryana

Dr. M. M. Awad
Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Dr.Eng. Ahmed Kadhim Hussein
College of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babylon University, Babylon City, HIILA , IRAQ

Dr. KATSURA Hidemitsu 
Guest Lecturer for ICEEE-2016, Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT) in COIMBATORE, TAMIL NADU 641014, INDIA

Dr. Sang-Bing Tsai
Prof., School of Business, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin, 124221, China; Prof., Zhongshan Institute, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Prof., TEDA College, Nankai University, China

Dr. Deepmala 
Visiting Scientist, SQC & OR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr. Palani Elumalai
National Research Foundation Fellow of Korea, Department of Chemistry & Biology, University of Ulsan

Dr. Shittu Lukeman Adelaja Joseph
HOUSTON, TX. 77099, USA

Prof. Dr. Naqib Ullah Khan
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar 25130, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, PAKISTAN.

Dr. V. Ananthaswamy
Assistant Professor, The Madura College (Autonomous), Madurai – 625 011, Tamil Nadu, India.

Prof. Dr. M.Nageeb Rashed
Professor of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Egypt

Dr. Hossein Kazemian
Faculty& Director; Northern Analytical Lab Services (NALS), University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 4Z9

Dr. Vishnu Narayan Mishra
Applied Mathematics and Humanities Department, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology.

Dr. Balaram Kundu
Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata – 700 032, INDIA

Dr. Sergio Nardini
Associate Professor, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell’Informazione, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa (CE)

Dr. Sanjay Mishra
Professor, Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering & Technology, IFTM University

Dr. Lakshmi Narayan Mishra
Professor, Department of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology

Dr. DHANANJAYA REDDY
Dept.of Mathematics, Assistant Professor In Mathematics, Govt. Degree & PG College

Dr. S. Krishna Murthy
Associate Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics,Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Deemed University(DU), Girinagar, Pune

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American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays1

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