American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays


Clinical Conduct for a Bruxist Patient: Clinical Case Report

Review article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Clinical Conduct for a Bruxist Patient: Clinical Case Report Araújo S.S.1; Trindade M.O.2; Arruda F.E.P.3; Fernandes G.A.4 1,3,4 Estudante do Curso de Odontologia – UFPE; 2Docente do Departamento de Prótese e Cirurgia Buco Facial – UFPE Introduction: Sleep bruxism is an activity of stereotyped movements promoted by the subconscious in the masticatory system that includes the functions of clenching and / or grinding, where neuromuscular protection mechanisms are absent, which can lead to damages to the masticatory system and temporomandibular disorders. Aim: This article aims to demonstrate conducts used in a clinical case to assist in similar case planning. Case report: A 58-year-old male patient required an appointment at the Federal University of Pernambuco integrated dentistry clinic, presenting a complaint of pain in the face region and lack of adaptation with prostheses, he had posterior maxillary edentulism, loss of vertical dimension and severe wear on the remaining teeth. The anamnesis was made in his initial clinical examination, later, was prepared the diagnostic wax-up, the waxing was moulded with condensation silicone for restoration in composite resin with prefabricated pins. Afterward the molding were made to prepare removable partial dentures for the patient. In the old prostheses overlays were prepared to slide between them forming a type of plaque, reprogramming the jaw and avoiding that the patient destroyed the already made restorations. In the following session, the well-adapted prostheses were delivered and the occlusal adjustment was properly performed with intraoral test. Results: The patient reported aesthetic improvement, total pain reduction and better adaptation with the prostheses, he also related comfort in using them. Conclusion: It is possible to perform the rehabilitation of partial edentulous bruxers, approximating the patient to his or her centric relation, without the necessity of plaques and maintaining a quality ...

Oral Appliances Indications in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Review article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Oral Appliances Indications in Obstructive Sleep Apnea França, L.C1, Santos, G.A2, Santana, J.F3; Ramos, L.V.S4, Lima, L.F.A5; Trindade, M.O6 1,2,3,4,5Student of Dentistry Course – UFPE; 6Professor of the Department of Prosthesis and Buco Facial Surgery - UFPE Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a respiratory disorder that causes upper airway obstruction during sleep. The performance of a dentist in patients with OSA is evidenced by the preparation and indication of the Oral Appliances (OA) as a treatment measure. The OAs are devices used in the oral cavity during sleep avoiding an obstruction of the oropharynx. These are classified as lingual, mandibular and/or conjugate control devices. Objective: To describe the OA models and to make explicit the indication of each one for the type of apnea in question. Methodology: A database was searched (Pubmed, Scielo) using the following documents: Intraoral device, lingual control, mandibular advancement, indication. Publications from 2010 to 2017 were included in the Portuguese and English languages whose content was pertinent to the theme. Results and Discuss: 60 articles were found. Of these, 24 directly addressed the theme and only 4 articles were used. A practicality and comfort provided by the OAs make them more accepted and indicated for OSA. The indications for the use of OAs include: patients with the diagnosis of mild, moderate and severe OSA. The lingual control device is based on control of the positioning of the aforementioned organ and is indicated for patients with extensive dental loss, edentulous, periodontal problems, temporomandibular dysfunction and bruxism. The most commonly indicated mandibular advancement OA is retained by teeth and protrudes the mandible in order to increase the volume of the oropharynx. Ideal for patients with at least 10 teeth in each arch and on a semi-flexible model for ...

Physicochemical Analysis of Hora and spring water bodies in Anderacha Woreda, Sheka Zone, South west Ethiopia

Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays Physicochemical Analysis of Hora and spring water bodies in Anderacha Woreda, Sheka Zone, South west Ethiopia Ahemd Awol (M.Sc in Inorganic Chemistry) Department of chemistry, Mizan-Tepi University, Tepi campus, Access to safe water is a worldwide need though, many of the world’s population lack access to adequate and safe water. Contaminated water jeopardizes both the physical and social health of all people. Hence the purpose of the research was to assess the physicochemical analysis of hora/salty unprotected springs and protected springs in Anderacha wereda, sheka zone south west of Ethiopia. Water samples collected were analyzed for physicochemical parameters such as temperature, pH, conductivity, total hardness,Cl-, NO3-,NO2-,CO32-,PO43-,Co,Cd,Cu,Zn,Mn,Fe, Mg,Ca,Cr,Ni and Pb using standard analytical methods, Analysis of official analytical chemist 1990. . The obtained results of each parameter are comparable with the standard values set by WHO and other national guidelines. The values of most physicochemical parameters were found to be within the recommended permissible limits except temperature, Fe,Cu and Mn. These outcomes demonstrate the need to come up with water source protection strategies for the study area. Keywords:  Anderacha, Coliforms, physicochemical, water quality ...

TREPÇA’s MINE IN STANTERG SINCE THE ANCIENT PERIOD TILL THE 20th CENTURY

Review article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays TREPÇA’s MINE IN STANTERG SINCE THE ANCIENT PERIOD TILL THE 20th CENTURY Mustafe Haziri The mine of Trepca in Stanterg has had a big economic importance since the earlier period to now. Even if there is not any written source about the development in this times, some signs prove the begining of the mine activities since the ilyrian period. The archelogyc documents prove the cink and leaden in TREPCA, are used for more than 2000 years. The documents of middle ages prove that the namr of “Trepca” for the first is mentioned in the Dubrovnik’s archive in 1303. In this study we’re going to treat the destroyment of Trepca, during the Ottoman leading since 1445 till the 20th cebtury. The historical importance of Trepca’s mine is Stanterg is a big and valuable as it is impossible to describe it in a few words. However, I have tried to show it is a science manner and as a historical, economic and social issue during the 20th century. Keywords: TREPÇA’s MINE IN STANTERG, THE ANCIENT PERIOD, THE 20th CENTURY ...

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American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays1

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