The overarching aim of this paper is to examine empirical findings on the arena of consumers’ behavior and attitude towards intake of street-foods (SFs) and fast foods (FFs) status and associated risks of consumption in China. Presently, consuming SFs and FFs become populace and counted as manifestation of modernity in most fast growing countries, for instance, China. The SFs and FFs have believed to be a panacea to the major socio-economic problems for countries having large population. Over one quarter of the century FFs and SFs become rapidly expanded in China through the quick service provision of already prepared foods with reasonably prices and source of employment for swarming open country and city inhabitants end to end to its supply. FFs and SFs are the most preferred by consumers because of safety issue, reasonable price, ready-made nature, easily accessible, portability, and so on. Concurrently, the nutritional and health concerns in China told that the government is very committed to quarantine and certify FFs and SFs of Food safety and public healthy, particularly after melamine detected in milks in the year 2008. This later stimulated the Chinese regime to put into practice food safety law (FSL) in 2009 next to food hygiene law (FHL). FFs and SFs consumers in China are very conscious on food quality and give credit for safety than purchasing prices. Broadly speaking, as most of examined papers indulged that FF and SF choice rely on ‘safety first’ by consumers in China. To sustain vendors stock and satisfy consumers’ demand of SF and FF, avoiding health risks and change the existing perception and build trust is as a priority issue.
Development Strategies of a New Long Grain, Early Maturing And High Yielding Rice Variety Suitable for Flood-Prone Areas
High-yielding and quality grain rice varieties with submergence tolerance has now become foremost objective of rice breeding research world-wide after loss of thousands of acres due to frequent floods for last five years. New flood tolerant, fertilizer-responsive, high yielding varieties can rise income of poor farmers in the face of considerable rise in floods and world population. To cope with this situation, a new improved high yielding, extra-long grain variety also suitable for flood-prone areas of Pakistan was developed. The variety named as Chenab Basmati was bred by hybridizing line 98PP4 with line 4439 during 1998-99. The pedigree method of selection continued up to seventh filial generation at Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku, Pakistan. The selection was accompanied with marker assisted selection in MAS lab; whereas phenotypic field screening in submergence tank constructed at RRI KSK. It was tested in fine grain yield trials and regional adaptability trials to compare this improved candidate variety with Super Basmati and Basmati 515 as checks. The overall average yield of Chenab Basmati in all the in-station and out-station yield trials was 4.52 t/ha in comparison with 3.65 t/ha of Super Basmati and 3.90 t/ha of Basmati 515. It was observed that the advanced line showed a yield advantage of 24% and 16% over check varieties i.e., Super Basmati and Basmati 515, respectively. Among grain quality attributes, its head rice recovery (58%) and grain length (7.61mm) were found better than checks. Chenab Basmati showed tolerance index of more than 0.9 during both the years indicating its potential to be used as flood tolerant variety.
Seronegative visceral Varicella Zoster infection – a not so benign skin infection (Article Withdrawal)
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection is usually a self-limiting cutaneous childhood disease typically occurring due to impaired cell-mediated immunity. One manifestation of VZV is a visceral infection accounting for less than 15% of all VZV infections. We describe a severe case of visceral varicella infection several months following an autologous stem cell transplant for a high-grade B-cell lymphoma. The patient initially presented with abdominal pain accompanied by severe hepatitis which preceded the cutaneous manifestation. Initial serological testing was negative due to significant hypogammaglobulinemia following previous chemotherapy. However, the diagnosis was confirmed on VZV DNA PCR analysis of the vesicles. The patient developed further visceral complications including encephalopathy, gastritis, hiccups, colonic pseudo-obstruction, normocytic anaemia and thrombocytopenia. The infection responded well to intravenous acyclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. This is the first reported case report of seronegative VZV infection with an extensive visceral involvement likely caused by the underlying immunoglobulin deficiencies.
A survey on security and privacy issues in the use of wireless sensor networks for health care monitoring
Development in wireless sensor Networks (WSNs) has led to the increase in its applications in healthcare. Wireless Sensor Network application in health care is divided into two (2) wearable and implantable sensor devices. These devices allows for the monitoring and tracking of patients’ health status. Security and privacy are issues that arise from the use of these applications. The use of sensor networks for healthcare monitoring has a lot of benefits; so therefore, it is of necessity that these issues are addressed. This paper gives a survey on the security and privacy issues faced with the use of WSNs for healthcare monitoring.