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    Objective: In order to analysis some aspects about the knowledge from diabetics patients related to therapy with insulin it was performed an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in the outpatient pharmacy at a hospital in Recife. Methods: This study was between February and May 2016, and involved 60 diabetics patients that were interviewed by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Some positive results included: self-monitoring of blood glucose, handling and application method, however there was little knowledge about sharpener disposal. Conclusion: This study provided subsidies to identify some of the main user needs in order to guide orientations regarding the accomplishment of educational activities in the service.

  • Development of a Health Information Exchange (HIE) system using the Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) Technology

    Most advanced nations have existing software systems that enforce a significant level of Health Information Exchange interoperability. A straightforward implementation or integration of the technique of such an application into the healthcare system in regions that have infrastructure challenges may not achieve the maximum result. Existing EHR interoperability solutions are primarily Web-based and are explicitly compatible to particular health standards. Resulting from this, such current technologies also need, at the very least, secure access to internet connectivity.On the other hand, several regions around the world (especially in developing countries) are characterized with bad internet accessibility, imbalanced spread of computer technology and literacy, and acute information breach.Therefore, this work aims to develop a system that allows patient records to be exchanged between health facilities given the challenge of lack of ubiquitous internet connectivity, unreliable internet access and also bridging the digital divide gap.This research will have positive impacts on different stakeholders in the health sector. Health institutions can access patients’ information evading the issue of poor or no internet connectivity. As a result of this, healthcare professionals will be able to give better and prompt treatments in cases of emergencies and avoid medical errors. Medical practitioners will also not have to deal with the communication gap or barrier when seeing a patient with low literacy level.This research would not only be of relevance to the health sector, it can also be adapted by other sectors using the USSD technology as a means of storage and retrieval of information.

  • Detecting Video Inter-Frame Forgeries Based on Convolutional Neural Network Models

    In the era of information explosion today, videos are easily captured and made viral in a short time and tampering videos have become easier due to editing software. So, the authenticity of videos become very essential. Video inter-frame forgeries are the most common type of video forgery methods. Until now some algorithms have been suggested for detecting inter-frame forgeries based on handicraft features but the accuracy and speed in processing of suggested algorithms are still challenging. In this paper, we are going to put forward a video forgeries detection method for detecting video inter-frame forgeries based on convolutional neural network (CNN) models by retraining the available CNN models trained on ImageNet dataset. The proposed methods based on CNN models which have been retrained to exploit spatial-temporal relationships in a video to robustly detect inter-frame forgeries. And in order to eliminate the errors due by the network, we have proposed a confidence score instead of the raw output score from networks. Through the results of experiments, we have proven that the proposed method has significantly higher efficiency and accuracy than recent methods.

  • Hierarchical Model and Characterize Identified E-Commerce Trust to Generate Customer Satisfaction Data

    The main reason consumers are reluctant to purchase from the internet vendors is the lack of trust. The lack of clues and face-to-face interaction in the online environment has made it more difficult to establish trust with consumers in e-commerce. The e-commerce trust issue is identified as a Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problem thereby resulting to MCDM as an approach used to solve the problem because it emphasizes on the integration between fuzzy logic and Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) and is commonly used in the research community. This approach is being used to form the bases for the conceptual framework of this study. The literature review used a narrative method to give a direction and scope of the research, while the exploratory research approach is adopted to narrow it down to specific direction in order to be able to determine the research design, sample size, technique, design and data collection method. Such techniques are both implemented in order to give clear answers to lingering questions about the researcher’s mind, to synthesize all the information obtained and to arrive at a stand on which methodology and methods to be used to solve the problem under investigation. A hierarchical model has been developed which can be used to assess trust parameters in application using MCDM techniques. The methodology used can accurately determine both the subjective and objective trust factors and parameters of e-commerce trust applications simultaneously in complex situations where there is an abundance of ambiguity that is highly inherent in the process of human decision making. To evaluate the overall success of any information system, the usability evaluation was described as an essential construct based on the findings from this study.

  • Diagnosis and Reporting of Dysplastic (Atypical, Clarks) Nevi – a Reassessment

    This article on dysplastic nevi was compiled and written in August 2004 but never published in a print journal. It is our opinion that now, 15 years later, the same conclusions documented in the initial article still exist. In fact, the further studies and reports strongly support the lack of malignancy (nor evidence of pre-cursors of malignancy) in correctly histologically diagnosed junctional or compound dysplastic nevi and the lack of need of re-excision of these nevi in almost all cases. 1,2,3,4


    Introduction. Measles is an acute infectious disease, whose etiological agent is a RNA virus of the paramyxovirus family. It is transmitted by aerosols through nasopharyngeal secretion within four to six days before the appearance of rash up to four days after. The clinical manifestations of the disease are quite characteristic and may evolve with serious complications, being one of the main causes of morbidity in malnourished or immunosuppressed children and under one year old. Currently the triple viral vaccine is the only way to prevent the disease, providing protection against measles, and also for mumps and rubella. However, some outbreaks are becoming more frequent, including in Brazil and may be related to several factors such as individuals who were not vaccinated by individual decision, thus exposing unvaccinated populations to the pathogen. Objective. To verify the prevalence of measles cases in Brazil from 2018 to 2019. Method. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by surveying the numbers of cases reported by measles in the regions of Brazil from 2018 to 2019, available from the World Health Organization (WHO) database. Result and discussion. To prepare the study, we analyzed the information that was available in the World Health Organization (WHO) database. From November 26, 2018 to October 19, 2019, there were a total of 16,991 confirmed measles cases in eleven states of Brazil. In 2018, the state of Amazonas had the highest notification with 11,156 cases, with 9,695 (89.9%) confirmed, 1,442 (12.9%) discarded and 19 (0.2%) remaining under investigation. It was observed that 6,217 (55.7%) are male and the highest concentration is in the age group of 15 to 29 years, with 5,078 (45.5%), when calculating the incidence of confirmed cases by age group, notes a higher incidence in children under 1 (2,191.8 / 100,000 inhabitant). In 2019, 6,828 cases were reported,…

  • Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Academic Libraries

    The main purpose of the study is to assess Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in academic libraries. The application of ICT has provided more effective and efficient service delivery in the library. The use of ICT facilities is an important tool in the academic libraries as it supports resource sharing among academic libraries, increase effective and efficient service delivery, saves time, provide marketing opportunity of its services, provide speedy and easy access to information and to provide more up to date information to users. ICT facilities in the academic libraries are meant to work towards the actualization of the institution aims and objectives. The article discussed the following areas: to identify the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) facilities available in academic Libraries; to investigate areas ICT can be applied to in academic libraries; to examine the challenges of ICT application to library services and suggest strategies for improving ICT application to library services.

  • Serials Availability and Use in Nigeria Academic Libraries By The Postgraduate Students Of Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria

    In the face of the eminence position of serials usage amongst the resources acquired in the library most especially academic libraries despite their exceptional values as a reliable and dependent for researchers and the increasing cost of their acquisition, serials have not been satisfactorily utilized by the postgraduate students in tertiary institutions. This study, therefore, was undertaken to find out the availability and use of serials among postgraduate students in Osun State University and how this affects their academic performance. The population of the study consisted of 140 postgraduate students, with an ultimate high return rate. The findings of the study revealed that postgraduate students acknowledged the existence of serials. However, the study identified problems that are against the effective use of serials which need to be tackled to ensure that patrons are satisfied. Hence, the recommendations made consist of the provision of necessary infrastructural facilities that will make the library conducive for the users. Similarly, the management should organize information literacy skills seminar for the library users to help them to acquire skills on how to search for and locate the information resources needed in the library.

  • Library Services Provision and Satisfaction: A Correlation Analysis

    This study explores sources of information, services rendered in the library and the correlation between library services provision and satisfaction. It has been observed that postgraduate students hardly patronise the library though some of the underlying causes of this low patronage have been documented, yet there were no sufficient explanations as to whether these causes affected their level of satisfaction. Therefore, the main objective was to investigate the correlation of library services provision and satisfaction of postgraduate students in universities in South-west, Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research method with target population of all postgraduate students in selected universities in South-west, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted and questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The correlation of library services provision and satisfaction examined revealed that achievement of high level of satisfaction of postgraduate students depends on the provision of quality library services. The study concluded that printed and electronic sources of information were provided with some services to satisfy the information needs of the postgraduate student.. Based on the aforementioned, recommendation was made to complement the provided services with inter-library loan, current awareness service, selective dissemination of information, and regular orientation for greater satisfaction.

  • The Role Of Libraries In Collecting, Documenting, Preserving And Promotingindegionious Knowledge

    This study traced the role of libraries in the preservation and makes accessible of Indigenous knowledge. It discussed the issues surrounding the management of Indigenous knowledge in libraries. It examined the various use of indigenous knowledge by array of information users within and outside the libraries. It clarified the traditional library services of identifying, acquiring, organizing, and presentation of IK to the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies. It also highlights the potential role of libraries. The case of academic libraries (including research and University libraries), and the National Library of Ethiopia. Taking Jimma University and Addis Ababa University, Institute of Ethiopian Studies and the National Library of Ethiopia as a case study. It will also considered not only the traditional library functions of collecting, organizing, preserving and providing access (making recorded Indigenous knowledge available), but also possible roles in identifying, locating, recording, raising awareness and promoting of IK. Most Indigenous knowledge, especially in developing countries, is not documented and is transmitted orally from generation to generation. As such, it is vulnerable to gradual disappearance due to the influence of globalization and as individuals who lived life in the old way departs this life. Many libraries/ research institutions recognize Indigenous knowledge (IK) as an important source of developmental information. To this end this article is focused on discussing the role that libraries/ research institutions, Academic libraries and National library can play in collecting documenting, organizing, preserving and disseminating the society’s indigenous knowledge system to the next generation. Thus, this paper is devoted to reveal the existing situation, documentation and accessibility and/or representation of indigenous knowledge in libraries taking University/Research, National library in Addis Ababa and Academic/University library of Jimma as a case study. Regarding to the methodology, descriptive survey method will be employed. Data has been collected using self-designed questionnaire…