Most Cited

  • Promoting Library Services in the Social Media Era: Exploring Use, Objectives, Challenges and Perceived Influence

    This study examined the use of mediated platforms for creating awareness regarding the services in libraries in Nigeria. The study was guided by five objectives. Descriptive survey was used as the design of the study. Both librarians (n=300) and library users (n=300) were sampled for the study. The questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection. Descriptive analysis like simple percentages, mean and standard deviation were used for the study. It was found that there is low extent of application of social media for the purposes of increasing public awareness of services in libraries. Also, seven objectives of applying social media to enhance awareness of services in libraries were found. Seven strategies for using social media to promote library services were also reported. Six obstacles to the use of social media to promote library services were also reported. The perceived influence of exposure to social media messages promoting library services were also reported. The implications of these results on library practice and scholarship have been explored. Based on the results of the study, the researchers recommends, among others, the utilization of social media to promote library services.

  • Student’s Expectations regarding Library Services of National Library of Engineering Sciences (NLES); A Case Study

    The study focused on Student’s Expectations regarding Library Services of National Library of Engineering Sciences (NLES); University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore. The function was to find out student’s expectations regarding library resources and services, accessibilities, library environment, information sources and facilitate library staff. Using the descriptive assessment design the population for the study consisted of all registered library users in the National Library of Engineering Sciences (NLES); University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore main campus. The study employed the probability simple method and stratified random sampling technique in selecting the sample size 10% for the study, and with a questionnaire data were collected. The level of students expectation was assessed through 5 point Lickert Scale and in the analysis SPSS v.22.0, these scores were measured and tabulated as mean score and total score.


    This paper discussed the role of library education on library patronage among Ekiti State university students. The study is based on personal experiment on student within the library, and their optimal usage of library materials both electronic and print materials. This paper as well reviews some documentation on library education and it impacts through, faculty library head reports on student head counts during library opening hour and the report on materials consulted by all students. It also embraces the report of introduction techniques and other services rendered by the school management in inculcating the “use of library and study skills” as a course of study for all new students to stress the importance of effectively and efficiently usage of available library materials for better academic performance. Educational performance evaluation report on student from four faculties within the university was also a secondary data used in this paper.

  • Epidemiological Profile of Leprosy from 2006 to 2013 in Limoeiro, Pernambuco

    Introduction: In the epidemiological transition experienced by Brazil, the prevalence of infectious-contagious diseases is still evident. Among them, leprosy is a public health problem whose main etiological agent is Mycobacterium leprae. It is a common pathology in developing countries. Methodology: Descriptive and retrospective study, with data collection from 2006 to 2013, coming from the National System of Information of Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). Results: 93 cases of leprosy were reported in the period covered by the data search. Resulting in an average detection of 1.5 cases / 10,000 inhabitants / year. According to the analysis of the data obtained, there was a predominance of male cases (51.61%), urban residents (60.22%), age range from 30 to 39 years (23.66%), as Dimorfa being the most reported Clinical Form (39.78%). Conclusions / Considerations: It is expected that new strategies and actions will be implemented, or revised, as more specific measures for the prevention and control of leprosy in the municipality of Limoeiro, Pernambuco.

  • Histomorphometric Analysis Of Reepitelization And Collagen Matrix Of Cutaneous Wounds Treated With Hydroalcoolic Extract From The Leaves Of Conocarpus Erectus Linnaeus

    Introduction: The species Conocarpus erectus Linnaeus belonging to the Combretaceae Family, that contains 18 genera, where the genus Combretum is considered to be the largest distributed on the whole African continent, possessing about 370 species that are abundantly used in folk medicine due to its chemical diversity, its low toxicity and low cost. The species of this family are widely used as a therapeutic resource for various types of pains, colds, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, mumps, cancer, hypertension, infections and wound treatment. The wound healing is a process that involves the performance of several cell types, extracellular matrix and chemical mediators, in order to promote tissue reconstitution. Objective: To evaluate reepithelialization and collagen deposition through the histomorphometry of the scar tissue treated with the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Conocarpus erectus Linnaeus. Methodology: For the general outline of the experiment, male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were randomly divided into four groups: Group I (Negative Control – Lanette Cream); Group II (10% FHFCS – Cream formulation of the hydroalcoholic extract of dry leaves C. erectus); Group III (Cream formulation of the hydroalcoholic extract of fresh leaves of C. erectus) and Group IV (Dexpanthenol – Standard). Each group was subdivided into four subgroups with five animals for euthanasia on the 7th and 21st day. The animals were previously anesthetized with a combination of ketamine and xylazine and were later placed in a ventral decubitus for manual trichotomy and antisepsis with 0.1% iodized alcohol, the area of incidence was marked using a metal punch with a cutting blade (± 10 mm²). Then, the treatments were started and a new layer (± 95 mg) was applied daily. Histological preparations were submitted to Hematoxylin-Eosin technique. The histological images were captured by a digital camera coupled to an optical microscope, obtaining 06 fields per slide with…

  • Histomorphometric Evaluation Of The Effect Of Semi-Solid Formulation Of Conocarpus Erectus Leaves On Fibroblasts And Inflammatory Cells In The Process Of Tissue Remodeling

    Introduction: The wound can be defined as a skin lesion caused by chemical, physical or biological factors leading to cutaneous discontinuity. Based on the healing process, the evolution of the wounds can be mentioned as acute and chronic. Healing is the tissue repair process coordinated by biochemical and histological factors to restore tissue integrity. Since ancient times, medicinal plants have been used as a therapeutic resource, contributing to the treatment and prevention of various diseases. The species Conocarpus erectus Linnaeus, popularly known as “mangue de botão”, is found in the mangrove and stands out for presenting analgesic, anticancer, antimicrobial and hepatoprotective properties. Objective: Evaluate the ability of semi-solid formulations of C. erectus leaves through the histomorphometry of fibroblasts and inflammatory cells in the tissue remodeling process of cutaneous wounds in Wistar rats. Methodology: For the evaluation of the cicatrizant activity were obtained formulations containing 10% of the hydroalcoholic extract of the dry and fresh leaves of C. erectus (FHFCS and FHFCF 10%, respectively), manipulated within the standards and quality control for medicaments in the Laboratory of Pharmacotoxicological Prospecting of Bioactive Products of Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. To evaluate the healing activity, excisional cutaneous wounds were surgically made in the dorsal midline of the cervical region of Wistar rats (n = 5), these were standardized (6 mm²) and performed with animals previously anesthetized, after tricotomy and adequate antisepsis. Then, the wounds were treated with daily topical application (± 95 mg) of the preparations according to the experimental design: Group I (Negative Control – Lanette Cream); Group II (10% FHFCS); Group III (10% FHFCF); Group IV (Dexpanthenol – Positive Control) for 14 days. The histological preparations were submitted to a staining technique by Hematoxylin-Eosin (H.E.) for counting inflammatory cells and fibroblasts. The histological images were captured by digital camera coupled to the…

  • Econometric Analysis of Macro Influencing Factors of Housing Prices in China – Comparison of two period data based on EVIEWS

    As one of the pillar industries of the country, the real estate industry has developed rapidly under the influence of the market economy and people’s needs.The rising housing prices have brought a serious burden to the residents. The introduction of relevant regulatory policies has not significantly inhibited the high housing prices.Therefore, this paper takes the two periods of 1992-2001 and 2006-2015 as the two stages of real estate development and rapid development. The real estate price is the research object, and the relevant economic influence factors are selected from the macroscopic point of view.This paper analyzes and tests through Eviews software and establishes appropriate regression models to determine the main macro factors that affect housing prices.According to the comprehensive analysis of the results of the two-stage model, it is found that the money supply is always one of the factors of housing prices, and the influence is increasing. At the same time, the consumer price index has a great influence on the housing prices in 1992-2001. However, in 2006-2015 this factor was relatively reduced or even not.Finally, this paper proposes relevant policy recommendations for housing prices regulation through analysis results.

  • Drug Addiction in Bangladesh: “A Consequence of Social Demoralization Rather Than Individual Flaws”

    Addiction is a maladaptive pattern of drug abuse including alcohol, caffeine, cannabis, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics, stimulants, tobacco and others that persists despite negative consequences. An article of New England Journal of Medicine says “addiction is a disease of the brain” whereas another leading journal specifies “Genetics contributes significantly to vulnerability to this disorder”. Neurological changes observed in long-term substance abusers are nearly identical to those seen in people struggling with obesity, porn aficionados, gamblers, internet “addicts”, compulsive shoppers and simply those involved in intense romantic relationships. As with many other brain diseases, addiction has embedded behavioral and social-context aspects that are important parts of the disorder itself. An increased incidence of addiction is clearly a reflection of social demoralization. In countries like Bangladesh, people are easily demoralized because of social or peer influence. And widespread corruption, creating severe social injustices, various types of criminal activities is very common here. Issues of moral value declines in common people are expressed in many literatures. Frustration, unemployment, lack of recreation facilities and bad companionship are the epic reasons of drug addiction among youth in this country.


    The development of information and communication technologies has reached a level where their use in government is becoming not only expedient but also inevitable. The Internet and ICT have created the technical and technological foundation that can significantly improve the efficiency of public administration, provide businesses and citizens with access to necessary information, simplify bureaucratic procedures and reduce the time for decision making. This article describes the new conditions in which the business is developing. The article presents the features of the interaction of e-government and business, the impact of e-government on the development of the economy as a whole. The authors analyzed the process of development of technologies for e-government. They reformulate the term “e-government” based on the definitions presented in the literature. The authors identified the tasks that are solved by means of e-government. Also, the authors set up indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of the e-government. Finally, the structure of the quality standard for e-government services was suggested. The implementation of the e-government demonstrates advantages for the further development of the economic sector and whole state in general.

  • TRACK (by NEHEP) Implementation: A Bangladesh Scenario

    With the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), biological risk factors, such as hyperglycemia, are a major public health concern in Bangladesh. Optimization of diabetes management by positive lifestyle changes is urgently required for prevention of comorbidities and complications, which in turn will reduce the cost. Diabetes had 2 times more days of inpatient treatment, 1.3 times more outpatient visits, and nearly 10 times more medications than non- diabetes patients, as reported by British Medical Journal. And surprisingly, 80% of people with this so called “Rich Man’s Disease” live in low- and middle-income countries. According to a recent study of American Medical Association, China and India collectively are home of nearly 110 million diabetic patients. The prevalence of diabetes in this region is projected to increase by 71% by 2035. Bangladesh was ranked as the 8th highest diabetic populous country in the time period of 2010-2011. In Bangladesh, the estimated prevalence of diabetes among adults was 9.7% in 2011 and the number is projected to be 13.7 million by 2045. The cost of diabetes care is considerably high in Bangladesh, and it is primarily driven by the medicine and hospitalization costs. According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, in 2017 the annual average cost per T2DM was $864.7, which is 52% of per capita GDP of Bangladesh and 9.8 times higher than the general health care cost. Medicine is the highest source of direct cost (around 85%) for patients without hospitalization. The private and public financing of diabetes treatment will be severely constrained in near future, representing a health threat for the Bangladeshi population.