Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or irritable bowel disease (IBD), is also known as spastic colitis, mucus colitis, and nervous colon. It is a chronic, or long-term, condition, but symptoms tend to change over the years. It’s not uncommon for people with IBS to have episodes of both constipation and diarrhea. Symptoms such as bloating and gas typically go away after a bowel movement. There is no cure for IBS. Treatment is aimed at symptom relief. Certain foods as well as stress and anxiety can be triggers for IBS symptoms for many people. Medications are available to ease the symptoms of IBS, but some patients feel better trying natural remedies instead of (or in addition to) conventional drugs. Objective of the Study: To detail conventional and alternative treatment approaches of IBS. Limitation of The Study: Surgical considerations of IBS patients are not included in this article. Findings: Lifestyle modification, specially food habit alteration mostly effective along with psychological counseling and medication adherence. Practical Implications: GPs, gastroenterologists, medicine specialists, pharmacy and medical students will get best benefit out of this article.
Ifá scholars have primarily focused on its sociological and linguistic aspects while the scientific and computer aspects have been variously neglected. This paper explored the mathematical and computer model of Ifá corpus, which will assist Ifá priests to use the oracular process to simulate Ikin (the sixteen sacred palm nuts) and Ọ̀pẹ̀lẹ̀ (the divining bead chain) on the way to produce Odù (Ifá poetries) signatures. Each signature links the 256 Odùs in the database which invariably retrieved the corresponding verses with conforming sacrifices or advices. Microsoft Visual Studio.Net Express 2018 Community Edition on Window 10 Professional, 64-bit Operating System with Intel core duo CPU at 2.60 GHz, 12 GB memory was used to implement Ifá Application Tool (IAT). IAT interface supported Ikin and Ọ̀pẹ̀lẹ̀ simulation, the manual inscription of Odù signature, display of verses, stories, advises and recommended sacrifices. Usability testers scored the tool high in the ease of finding information within the user interface while it was above average in the skill to capture essential features for Odù divination accomplishments. This model supported Ifá professionals to make informed decisions and assessment by eliminating the level of ambiguity to interpret Odù corpus with a clear demarcation of its meanings.
The face powder was demanded by many nations in the world in the beginning AD and in Asia white skin was believed to be the sign of aristocratism, membership of the elite, and yet, white color is the pure symbol of the internal beauty and nobility. In addition, some face powders are sold in varying specialty shades to suit different skin needs; for example, a face powder with a greenish tinge will minimize the appearance of redness, while a purple-tinted powder may help the appearance of sallow or yellow skin. There is a legitimate reason to use face powder, and the pharmacopeias prescribe them in the treatment of many skin affections. At all events the proper use of powder is beneficial, it lightly covers and unifies a complexion, hiding the ravages of time, improving even the beautiful face. Face powder comes in different shades to match varying skin tones, and it is a good idea to choose the skin tone that most closely matches the natural skin. This will help the makeup appear more natural; it should be virtually unnoticeable. It may be necessary to use different face powders for summer and winter, as the skin may become tanner in the summer, or drier and in need of extra moisture in the winter. They are of benefit in acne, freckles, sunburn and red nose. Beneath their attractive aspect and odor, face powders should be made by the perfumer to combine the qualities of an elegant cosmetic and therapeutic agent; they must primarily possess adherence, lightness and be transparent; secondly, they should be detergent and delicately absorbent in order to aid the natural functions of the skin, taking up the fatty matters not easily dislodged by water; they should also tend to increase the natural elasticity and regular functions of the…
Objective: To review articles and case reports on Prader-Willi Syndrome, observing its characteristics and relating its treatment to the various fields of health. Methodology: As a result of articles found in the following databases: PubMed, MedLine, SciELO and European journal of human genetic Results: SPW can be diagnosed in the neonatal period through genetic studies or physical characteristics, it is a disease that has no cure, but can be treated, preferably early, to ensure the greatest comfort to the patient during his life. Conclusion: Because it is a syndrome that affects the patient in behavioral, structural and intellectual environments, act jointly to ensure the well being of the individual with SPW.
Airborne missile servo system (AMSS) is a complex time-varying nonlinear system and the design of which is a multi-objective optimization problem. Fuzzy PID controller (FPC) is demonstrated appropriate for complex time-varying nonlinear systems but the design of which needs a tedious trial and error process. Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm III (NSGA-III) is a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm with good generality and robustness which can do a big favor for parameter tuning of complex system. This paper develops NSGA-III for parameter tuning in design process of FPC. Resulting FPCs are tested with model of AMSS on simulink. For further comparison, performance of conventional PID controller and sectional PID controller which is widely used in the engineering are also shown. Comparison shows that NSGA-III tuned FPCs have the better performance in AMSS.
PROFILE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF DIABETIC PATIENTS ENROLLED IN THE PROGRAM “HERE HAS POPULAR PHARMACY” OF A COMMERCIAL DRUGSTORE
Diabetes Mellitus it is a condition that can result from defects secretion and/or insulin action involving specific pathogenic processes. To analyze the profile of registered diabetic patients in the program “Here’s People’s Pharmacy” of a commercial drug store in the municipality of Paraná-RN, checking the type of diabetes mellitus that is more present, the most commonly used drugs and what other diseases are reported. Study applied, descriptive and quantitative and qualitative, with a questionnaire to registered diabetic patients in the program “Here’s People’s Pharmacy” in a drug store located in the city of Paraná-RN. The study sample was 50 people. Of the participants, 96 % had diabetes mellitus type 2. The use of medicines, metformin was the most used (52 %), followed by glibenclamide (46 %) and insulin (2 %). With regard to the presence of other diseases hypertension and high cholesterol prevailed about 20 % and 8 %, respectively. It is important the involvement of health professionals in the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases, however, it is essential that the patient is aware that the greater re-sponsibility and commitment are in himself, and ultimately with your family or caregiver.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is considered a metabolic syndrome of multifactorial origin characterized by hyperglycemia and disorders in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats that occurs when there is no insulin or when insulin does not perform its function properly. Diabetic foot injury is one of the most frequent implications of diabetes mellitus. It is associated with many factors, such as peripheral vascular disease and peripheral neuropathy, which in many cases may compromise the entire limb. In this context, the systematization of nursing care starts as a systematic method that makes it possible to identify and understand the needs of the patient. The application of the Systematization of Nursing Assistance brings benefits to the client, the institution, professionals and to nursing as a whole. Objectives: To verify the inference of the nursing diagnosis “Impaired skin integrity” and the use of the other steps of Nursing Care Systematization in the treatment of diabetic foot wound. Methods: This is an exploratory clinical study of the case-study type, carried out during the period of clinical nursing internship in a public hospital in the city of Recife-PE, from September 17 to October 11, 2018 Results: A 77-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus, with MIE lesion and hallux amputation, fourth and fifth finger. During the aforementioned period, the data was collected through anamnesis, physical examination, records in the medical record and analysis of laboratory tests. In this way, it was possible to plan the Nursing Care Systematization and to apply the interventions for the diagnosis “Impaired skin integrity”, being: daily skin examination with image records and monitoring of wound healing, daily dressing with use of serum saline at 0.9%, Essential Fatty Acids (AGE) and Hydrogel in the necessary places, orientation on how to change the decubitus periodically and use of cushions in the regions, aiming…
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND LIFESTYLE OF ALCOHOLICS IN DETOXIFICATION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF VITÓRIA DE SANTO ANTÃO, PE
Introduction: The World Health Organization (2004)4, considers the alcoholic as an excessive drinker whose dependence on alcohol is accompanied by mental disorders, physical health, relationship with others and social and economic behavior.Objective: To identify the sociodemographic profile and the lifestyle of users of the Unified Health System (SUS) with diagnosis of alcoholism in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, PE. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study, performed in a Hospital Unit agreed with SUS, located in the city of Vitoria de Santo Antão, PE. Data were collected with patients admitted from September to November 2016, through of the questionnaires on the sociodemographic and lifestyle conditions of alcoholics. The data were statistically described. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee involving Human Beings of the Health Sciences Center – Federal University of Pernambuco (CAAE: 55297416.0.0000.5208). Results: Twenty-eight male patients aged 19-65 years old, were evaluated. It was observed that 93 % did not finish high school, 57 % with income of up to one minimum wage, 74 % unemployed and 70 % smokers. Conclusion: The present study verified a low socio-demographic condition and an unsatisfactory lifestyle in the population previously evaluated.
The development of strategies to manage the Zika virus epidemic constitutes a challenge for the scientific community. Develop tele-education actions in the field of human communication health with an emphasis on implications stemming from the Zika virus and microcephaly for professionals of the Family Health Strategy and students at the Federal University of Pernambuco. The experience of a set of three web conference seminars is described. The lectures addressed the epidemiology of the Zika virus and microcephaly, speech/hearing therapy, breastfeeding and feeding children with microcephaly. The mean number of connected points was 1.6 per session, with representatives of metropolitan Recife and the municipality of Lajedo. A total of 13 individuals participated in the action (three students and 10 healthcare professionals). All considered the topics interesting and relevant to the profession and all reported being satisfied with the experience. Web conference seminars can contribute to the creation of a dialog among different actors linked to health promotion actions with the aim of potentiating integral care, especially in response to current and future epidemics.
Introduction: The brain is a seriously complex organ that controls and modulates bodily functions. However, it can be affected by vascular alterations, such as a stroke, which is characterized by the total or partial decrease of blood flow in a certain region of the brain, constituting one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study brings to the systematization of nursing care to a patient with sequelae of stroke. Objective: To describe the nursing interventions performed to a patient with a stroke sequelae during the period of the Nursing course at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Methods: An exploratory study of the case report, developed based on the steps of the nursing process, considering the results of laboratory tests and chart analysis, during the period of hospitalization in a public hospital in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, in the period of May 2018. Results: In view of the clinical findings and after the history and elaboration of the nursing diagnoses were found, a nursing care plan was carried out with subsequent nursing interventions such as: checking of vital signs, cephalocaudal physical examination, daily dressing on pressure lesions, guidelines to the companion as to the importance of moving the decubitus, preserving the raised limbs on the bed, keeping the patient’s skin always hydrated, performing limb movements, intolerance of the patient. It was possible to perceive an improvement of the general picture of the client in question, after the nursing interventions were put into practice. Conclusion: It is concluded that nursing interventions, in the promotion of self-care and rehabilitation capacity, corroborate in the reduction of damages and disabilities, promoting a better quality of life for the patient with stroke sequelae and awareness of family members in the importance such care.