IMPACT OF MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS
Introduction: Psychoactive substances can cause disorders that differ from each other and varying severity and diverse symptomatology. Enabling complications in the family and social environment of the user, in addition to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Alcohol is a psychoactive substance most used by the Brazilian population, followed by caffeine, opiates, cannabinoids, cocaine and crack, with high levels of simultaneous use of two or more substances. In Brazil, it is estimated that psychoactive imports will increase, especially among young people. Objective: To analyze data from years 2014 to 2018, for example from the state of Pernambuco state with more than 100 case cases in the period. Methodology: This is a study in secondary databases, conducted from the Basic data indicator of Brazil, using the health information system, using the quantitative analysis of variables. Results: The number of new occurrences between 2014 and 2018 increased by 1.4 times. Of a total of 2971 cases, 75.3% were treated non-urgently and sometimes more often than women. The working age population (between 15 and 60 years old) presented 94.3% of new cases among those under 15 years old and over 60 years old, with the largest number of new cases in the range of 20 to 29 years old, representing 34%. Discussion: In general, there was a significant increase in the number of new cases in the population of the state of Pernambuco. Men and their age status have been progressively classified as important risk factors for mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use. In addition, a proportion of emergency care indicates a severity of the disorder that has occurred. Conclusion: Injections in psychoactive therapies focus on health focused on psychoactive disorders, with emphasis on health promotion focused on males. The case to disregard the increasing increases of new cases over…
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED STRESS AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN STUDENTS FROM IFPE – VITÓRIA’S FROM SANTO ANTÃO CAMPUS
Introduction:The term stress can be defined as a psychosocial phenomenon with biological. Alcohol has a social effect, making it more evident at school due to concern by young people.Objective:Identify the perceived stress level, the prevalence of alcohol consumption and to verify the association of the stress level with alcohol consumption among students of the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pernambuco. Methodology: The sample consisted of 217 students, with a mean age of 15.52 (Minimum 13 and maximum 19). The most were male (52 %), semi-resident (79 %), rural (67 %). DISCUSSION: The average perceived stress was 48.22, with a minimum of 36, a maximum of 63 and a standard deviation of 5.01.About six out of ten do something to relieve stress.These data differ slightly from those found in the pilot study, where about seven out of ten students report some feeling of irritation in the past month (72.7 %), 63.6 % report that they’re feeling happy, 81.8 % of them had or are having an emotional problems that still makes them sad. Results: As mechanisms to relieve stress, eight categories were identified, most of them had used for leisure.Regarding stress, this research presents results similar to other studies involving adolescent students, however, with different assessment instruments, where the stress level ranged from 13.16 % to 73 %. Conclusion: The study points out that the stress during adolescence in the school environment is related to several factors, such as: school postage, excessive academic activities, disputes, fear of disapproval and anxiety.Regarding the consumption of alcohol, almost half already used (47 %).
Assessment of Airport Taxi Dispatching Based on Psychological Account Principle Decision Model — A Case Study of Shanghai pudong Airport
In this paper, a decision model based on psychological account principle and a queuing theory model based on (M/ M/1) system are established to solve the problem of providing more reasonable choices for airport taxi drivers. Combined with reverse test method, control variable method and other methods to analyze the problem. Taking Shanghai pudong airport as an example, the error coefficient of critical decision value is calculated to be around 0.13, and the model is reasonable. It is concluded that weather has great influence on decision making and seasonal change has little influence on decision making.
This paper studies the application of data mining in total wage distribution. The wage distribution model based on entropy method and analytic hierarchy process is established. Taking a state-owned enterprise as an example, the data was preprocessed with the linear equation fitting method. Entropy method was used to determine the weight of the influencing factors of wage distribution, and the first 8 factors were selected as the main influencing factors. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to calculate the weight of contract worker’s salary and contract employees’ salary as 0.342 and 0.658, respectively. On this basis, the total wage distribution. Compare and analyze the established distribution plan with the original distribution plan, and put forward improvement Suggestions to the original distribution plan: should increase the proportion of contract labor.
Background: Ultrathick nasal skin and nodulation is one of the most daunting challenges in cosmetic nasal surgery. Rhinoplasty is a common surgical procedure to correct mostly gross abnormal nasal anatomical variation; however, many patients have minor bizarre shape or deformities that could not be well corrected by ordinary surgical procedures. So we should find other techniques to correct these unwanted or undesired nose shape abnormalities. Objective: The purpose of this article is to perform heat dermabrasion to reduce the size of bulky nose and to create new alar groove and to remove nose nodulations, acne or traumatic scarring. Patients and methods: In this study, we collected 40 patients with bulky nose during the period from 2009 through 2019; 21 females and 19 males and their ages ranged from 20-65 years. An Informed consent was taken from each patient before starting the study, after full explanation about the procedure. All patients had bulky nose, some had nodulation of nose and acne or traumatic scarring. Only one patient had history rhinophyma of several years duration. All patients were treated with heat dermabrasion using diathermy needle after local xylocaine anesthesia and patients were received topical antiseptic and oral antibiotics to be seen after 2 weeks. Then topical corticosteroid was used to prevent post-inflammatory pigmentation. Results:A total of 40 patients diagnosed with bulky nose were enrolled in this study; 21 (52.5%) patients were females and 19 (47.5%) were males. Age of patients ranged from 20-65 years with a mean of 42.5 years. The duration of the condition ranged from few months to several years. In all patients with bulky nose were improved and alar groove were created or maximized and gave satisfactory cosmetic results using heat dermabrasion. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation was noticed but overtime was gone. Conclusion: heat dermabrasion using diathermy is new simple innovative…
Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose and Ascorbic Aid (Movicol) for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy:A Case Report
Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. Some patients have been tested for the second and third time since the test was started in 2014. There is an opinion that these patients could reduce the booster more, and this time we will use the booster with mobiprep to perform the booster on the day with 350 ml.
Usefulness of Castor Oil and Elobixibat and Lactulose for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the patients on Dialysis -Including examination of small intestinal lesions-
Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. Dialysis patients are potentially susceptible to bleeding because of the fragile intestine, impaired platelet function, or oral administration of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or anticoagulants. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. For dialysis patients, liquid loading is a problem. The patient on dialysis has moisture restrictions. The caster oil-based booster had an emission rate of 97%, but required a total water content of 3L. A study was conducted on dialysis patients using a protocol in which castor oil was supplemented with Elobixibat and Lactulose to determine whether booster volume could be reduced and elimination rates improved.
Knowledge of Nutrition Care for Children on Peritoneal Dialysis at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam
Background: Nutrition is critically important for chronic kidney diseases, especially for children on CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). Nutrition not only plays the role of medication but also can control most abnormal metabolism disorders and preserve the residual renal functions. However, most patients’ families just focus on peritoneal dialysis while ignoring nutrition for the patients. Objective: Survey the knowledge of nutrition care for children with CAPD prescription. Method: Cross-sectional study on the nutritional status of 31 children undergoing CAPD. Interview and assess knowledge on kidney diseases with peritoneal dialysis, knowledge on nutrition care and nutrition practice of 31 mothers with children undergoing CAPD via a designed questionnaire. Result: The ratio of malnutrition of children on CAPD was 37.8%. Knowledge on caregiving and hygiene for CAPD was good with 74.4% mothers knowing about complications of peritonitis, 64.4% was aware of peritoneal catheter exit-site infection. However knowledge on nutrition was limited, only 25.8% mothers having knowledge on nutrition for the children. 9.7% mothers could meet the requirement in nutrition practice. Recommendation: It is necessary to enhance nutrition communication and counselling to achieve the expected treatment outcomes.
In view of the problem of workpiece turnover on the assembly line of the factory, a machine for automatic workpiece turnover is designed, whose design directly affects the work level of the whole automatic production line. This paper discusses the mechanical structure of the workpiece turnover device in the automatic production line. The turnover of the workpiece can be realized by using the rotary cylinder drive system. The aerodynamic system of the workpiece is designed. The working principle of the aerodynamic system and the design of PLC circuit are analyzed. The results show that the turning of the workpiece can be realized by using the pneumatic system to control the movement of the mechanical device. The aerodynamic device has the advantages of simple structure, easy operation and strong practicability.
Research on the Current Situation of Industrial Structure and Upgrading Path in Hubei Province under the Background of Central Rise
The development of the industrial structure affects the development of the regional economy. From the implementation of the rise of central China to the present, while the industrial structure of Hubei Province is developing, there are also unreasonable phenomena. This article analyzes the industrial structure of Hubei Province from 2004 to 2018.It first analyzes the current situation of the industrial structure of Hubei Province, the current situation of the industrial structure, the existing problems and reasons, and finally proposes the path of industrial structure optimization in Hubei Province based on the analysis results.