The main purpose of the study is to assess Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in academic libraries. The application of ICT has provided more effective and efficient service delivery in the library. The use of ICT facilities is an important tool in the academic libraries as it supports resource sharing among academic libraries, increase effective and efficient service delivery, saves time, provide marketing opportunity of its services, provide speedy and easy access to information and to provide more up to date information to users. ICT facilities in the academic libraries are meant to work towards the actualization of the institution aims and objectives. The article discussed the following areas: to identify the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) facilities available in academic Libraries; to investigate areas ICT can be applied to in academic libraries; to examine the challenges of ICT application to library services and suggest strategies for improving ICT application to library services.
Serials Availability and Use in Nigeria Academic Libraries By The Postgraduate Students Of Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria
In the face of the eminence position of serials usage amongst the resources acquired in the library most especially academic libraries despite their exceptional values as a reliable and dependent for researchers and the increasing cost of their acquisition, serials have not been satisfactorily utilized by the postgraduate students in tertiary institutions. This study, therefore, was undertaken to find out the availability and use of serials among postgraduate students in Osun State University and how this affects their academic performance. The population of the study consisted of 140 postgraduate students, with an ultimate high return rate. The findings of the study revealed that postgraduate students acknowledged the existence of serials. However, the study identified problems that are against the effective use of serials which need to be tackled to ensure that patrons are satisfied. Hence, the recommendations made consist of the provision of necessary infrastructural facilities that will make the library conducive for the users. Similarly, the management should organize information literacy skills seminar for the library users to help them to acquire skills on how to search for and locate the information resources needed in the library.
This study explores sources of information, services rendered in the library and the correlation between library services provision and satisfaction. It has been observed that postgraduate students hardly patronise the library though some of the underlying causes of this low patronage have been documented, yet there were no sufficient explanations as to whether these causes affected their level of satisfaction. Therefore, the main objective was to investigate the correlation of library services provision and satisfaction of postgraduate students in universities in South-west, Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research method with target population of all postgraduate students in selected universities in South-west, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted and questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The correlation of library services provision and satisfaction examined revealed that achievement of high level of satisfaction of postgraduate students depends on the provision of quality library services. The study concluded that printed and electronic sources of information were provided with some services to satisfy the information needs of the postgraduate student.. Based on the aforementioned, recommendation was made to complement the provided services with inter-library loan, current awareness service, selective dissemination of information, and regular orientation for greater satisfaction.
This study traced the role of libraries in the preservation and makes accessible of Indigenous knowledge. It discussed the issues surrounding the management of Indigenous knowledge in libraries. It examined the various use of indigenous knowledge by array of information users within and outside the libraries. It clarified the traditional library services of identifying, acquiring, organizing, and presentation of IK to the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies. It also highlights the potential role of libraries. The case of academic libraries (including research and University libraries), and the National Library of Ethiopia. Taking Jimma University and Addis Ababa University, Institute of Ethiopian Studies and the National Library of Ethiopia as a case study. It will also considered not only the traditional library functions of collecting, organizing, preserving and providing access (making recorded Indigenous knowledge available), but also possible roles in identifying, locating, recording, raising awareness and promoting of IK. Most Indigenous knowledge, especially in developing countries, is not documented and is transmitted orally from generation to generation. As such, it is vulnerable to gradual disappearance due to the influence of globalization and as individuals who lived life in the old way departs this life. Many libraries/ research institutions recognize Indigenous knowledge (IK) as an important source of developmental information. To this end this article is focused on discussing the role that libraries/ research institutions, Academic libraries and National library can play in collecting documenting, organizing, preserving and disseminating the society’s indigenous knowledge system to the next generation. Thus, this paper is devoted to reveal the existing situation, documentation and accessibility and/or representation of indigenous knowledge in libraries taking University/Research, National library in Addis Ababa and Academic/University library of Jimma as a case study. Regarding to the methodology, descriptive survey method will be employed. Data has been collected using self-designed questionnaire…
Introduction: Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), also known as stroke, is characterized by the interruption of blood flow in a particular area of the brain, being of the ischemic or hemorrhagic type. Its involvement can lead to emotional dysfunctions, among which depression, mania, bipolar disorder and post-stroke anxiety disorder. Objective: To propose psychoeducational intervention in a group of caregivers of the patients who were affected with stroke, aiming at a better understanding of the emotional aspects. Methodology: A welcome space will be provided for the companions to share their experiences through a conversation, followed by the delivery of psychoeducational material on the stroke. Results: It is known that there is usually a deficiency related to the qualification of the caregivers regarding the continuity of the physical and emotional assistance of the patient, which can lead to doubts, unrealistic expectations and inadequate management of the patient. Therefore, psychoeducation is a tool that can be used in the hospital context, since it is understood that the hospital psychologist has been increasingly active in the definition of behaviors and treatments within a multidisciplinary team. Conclusion: The need for a psychoeducational intervention in caregivers of patients diagnosed by CVA is necessary because of its abrupt character and reverberation on the caregiver, who needs guidelines to face the possible post-stroke psychological complications in the patient.
Epiphrenic oesophageal diverticulum is rare world-wide and account for less than 10% of all oesophageal diverticula. We present Mrs O.E. a 64-year old Nigerian of the Yoruba tribe who presented with early satiety and upper abdominal discomfort of five months duration. The early satiety was of insidious onset and had been progressive. This initially made her to reduce the size of her meal intake but eventually progressively led her to taking just a meal per day. This is in contrast with her premorbid intake of three meals per day. She has associated history of regurgitation worse in the recumbent position which she described as containing undigested food. She has no abdominal swelling, odynophagia or dysphagia. No history of haematemesis or melaena. She has weight loss and easy fatigability. The upper abdominal (epigastric) discomfort is characterized as a feeling of peppery, burning sensation which radiates to the back and had no association with meals or with time of the day. It has no relation to posture and said to be worse with consumption of peppery or spicy food substance. Minimally relieved with the use of antacids. No other significant contributory history. Review of systems was also not contributory. Clinical examination was not remarkable. A provisional diagnosis of a suspected Gastric Tumour was made likely a Gastric Lymphoma or Adenocarcinoma to rule out Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour(GIST). Barium swallow revealed a Distal (Epiphrenic) oesophageal diverticulum. Findings at upper GI Endoscopy include: (1) Distal (Epiphrenic) oesophageal diverticulum (2) Reflux oesophagitis (3) Gastric Atrophy; probably age-related to rule out chronic Helicobacter pylori-infection. Histology revealed Reflux oesophagitis, Mildly active chronic corporeal gastritis with mild atrophy and Chronic non-specific antral gastritis. She was managed conservatively with long term proton pump inhibitor therapy, modification of dietary habits and liberal oral fluid intake with significant clinical improvement and resolution…
We present Mr M.A. a 27 year old Nigerian of the Yoruba tribe who has been having recurrent dyspeptic symptoms for 5 years but not previously endoscopically evaluated for peptic ulcer disease who now presented with six days history of abdominal pain which was initially epigastric but later became generalized associated with four episodes of vomiting and a day history of abdominal distension and fever. He was acutely ill-looking and dehydrated. The Abdomen was moderately distended, does not move with respiration, generalized tenderness with guarding and rebound tenderness, intra-abdominal organs were difficult to palpate due to the guarding. Bowel sound was absent. Examination of the other systems was not remarkable. A provisional diagnosis of Generalized peritonitis likely secondary to perforated peptic ulcer was made. He had an emergency exploratory laparotomy under general anaesthesia. He was commenced on intravenous fluids and parenteral proton pump inhibitor(PPI) and antibiotics. Intra-op findings include 2 liters of bilious peritoneal fluid, Multiple fibrous adhesions, a 2.5cm x 2cm gastric perforation at the anterior wall of the antrum and a grossly normal bowel. The surgical operation performed was a Graham Omental patch closure of the gastric defect with Bilateral Truncal Vagotomy and Peritoneal lavage. Post-operative state was satisfactory and he was later discharged. He presented at the gastroenterology out-patient clinic eight months later with complaints of early satiety, feeling of indigestion and episodes of vomiting. Vomitus is usually offensive / foul smelling and contains undigested or partially digested stale food substances. Abdominal examination revealed a positive succussion splash. Other clinical examination findings were not remarkable. A Provisional Diagnosis of suspected Gastric outlet obstruction probably secondary to a chronic duodenal ulcer was made. Endoscopy findings revealed copious fluid and food debris in the stomach cavity which had an offensive smell with remnants of partially digested stale food substances…
The review article explains that the homeopathy remedies are treatment of different women’s troubles is a common condition that includes various hormonal changes at puberty, menarche, and pregnancy until menopause. Researches have supported that women with great physical and mental stress have disturbed menses. Female life is divided into 3 phases. Firstly, birth to puberty, secondly, puberty to adult, thirdly, menopause or climacteric. Hence girls should be given proper diet, routine health checkups. Women suffering with acne, dysmenorrhoea, PCOD, regular U.T.I need proper treatments
Recommender Systems are intelligent applications designed to assist the user in a decision-making process whereby user wants to choose one item amongst the potentially overwhelming set of alternative products or services. This research is aimed at developing an intelligent recommender system that provides high quality recommendations in the financial domain. Hashed and anonymized datasets (which are account statements) were acquired from online sources and bank customers. The acquired data was pre-processed using the Microsoft Excel 2016 and WEKA 3.8.3 data mining software. The K-nearest neighbor (KNN) algorithm was used to classify the dataset and train the model. The trained model was used to develop a recommender system using the Java 2 platform Enterprise Edition (J2EE). For effective management of the data and consideration of rapid increase in data growth, a graph-oriented database approach was proposed and utilized. The database management system used was the Neo4j. From the evaluation of the algorithms implemented in the recommender system taxonomy, the KNN algorithm recorded the best performance building the model in 0.3seconds with an accuracy of 89.8%. The fuzzy decision tree algorithm performed second best building the model within 0.48 seconds with an accuracy of 62.8%. The decision table algorithm performed poorly building the model in 3.9 seconds with an accuracy of 53%. However, the baseline accuracy of the dataset used was evaluated to be 62.75% of accuracy in 0.4 seconds. It is therefore recommended, as proposed in this study that the graph technology be used in developing recommender systems especially for institutions with massively growing data like the financial institutions. In addition, bank products should be classified and targeted towards customers in order to bolster their level of involvements and improve financial inclusion. With a targeted product, customers will be more willing to opt-in if products are suitable and within financial reach….
Introduction: Malignant melanoma is a lethal skin cancer which is on the rise despite increasing education on sun awareness. It is most common in young Caucasian individuals however any age or ethnicity can be affected. Discussion: There are four main types of malignant melanoma which include superficial spreading MM (most common), Nodular (most lethal), Acral lentignous melanoma and Lentigo maligna melanoma. Once it has metastasized the prognosis is poor but new treatments are giving us much better outcomes. Aim: The main aim of this study is to identify which MMs are most likely to metastasize based on the location with the two main groups being above neck and below neck. Methods and results: forty-five patients were included in the study, 37 were below neck and 8 were above neck. Out of the 37 below neck MM patients, none had distant metastases , but 25% of the above neck MM patients had distant metastases. Conclusion: This small study has demonstrated that above neck malignant melanoma is more likely to metastasize than below neck malignant melanoma despite advanced Tumor scores in the below neck subgroup.