Most Cited

  • NURSING ACTIVITIES IN SELF-CARE AND REHABILITATION OF PATIENT VICTIM OF STROKE: A CASE REPORT

    Introduction: The brain is a seriously complex organ that controls and modulates bodily functions. However, it can be affected by vascular alterations, such as a stroke, which is characterized by the total or partial decrease of blood flow in a certain region of the brain, constituting one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study brings to the systematization of nursing care to a patient with sequelae of stroke. Objective: To describe the nursing interventions performed to a patient with a stroke sequelae during the period of the Nursing course at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Methods: An exploratory study of the case report, developed based on the steps of the nursing process, considering the results of laboratory tests and chart analysis, during the period of hospitalization in a public hospital in the city of Vitória de Santo Antão, in the period of May 2018. Results: In view of the clinical findings and after the history and elaboration of the nursing diagnoses were found, a nursing care plan was carried out with subsequent nursing interventions such as: checking of vital signs, cephalocaudal physical examination, daily dressing on pressure lesions, guidelines to the companion as to the importance of moving the decubitus, preserving the raised limbs on the bed, keeping the patient’s skin always hydrated, performing limb movements, intolerance of the patient. It was possible to perceive an improvement of the general picture of the client in question, after the nursing interventions were put into practice. Conclusion: It is concluded that nursing interventions, in the promotion of self-care and rehabilitation capacity, corroborate in the reduction of damages and disabilities, promoting a better quality of life for the patient with stroke sequelae and awareness of family members in the importance such care.

  • Issues Behind Choosing Alternative Measures to Cancer Care & Cure

    Regardless of extraordinary development, regular therapy misses the mark in cancer the board. There are two noteworthy obstacles in anticancer drug development: dose-limiting poisonous symptoms that diminish either drug viability or the QoL of patients and convoluted drug development forms that are exorbitant and tedious. Cancer patients are progressively searching out alternative medicine and may be hesitant to uncover its utilization to their oncology treatment doctors. Be that as it may, there is constrained accessible data on examples of use and viability of alternative medicine for patients with cancer. The cost of delivering cancer treatment is estimated to rise globally with a projected total spending of $458 billion by 2030 [1]. However, the financial burden stems from employment loss, cost of care even when patients don’t require chemotherapy, out of pocket costs’ opportunity costs of informal care time and can continue long after the death of the patient. As adjuvant therapy, numerous conventional medicines demonstrated adequacy against mind, head and neck, skin, bosom, liver, pancreas, kidney, bladder, prostate, colon and blood cancers. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are still generally customary methodologies for treatment of patients harboring propelled cancer. Customary chemotherapy likewise connected with neuropathic pain, fatigue and sleep aggravation, anxiety and depression, mouth sores, nausea and vomiting, early satiety, alopecia, bone and muscle squandering. Worldwide, some 60%-80% people depend on alternative medicines, which is also true for nearly 40% to 70% European, 50% Italian, 40% Korean, 30% British and up to 87% of Australian cancer patients [2]. Use of unapproved/unlabeled/wrong herbal treatment is not uncommon and also drug interactions reported phyto-therapeutics in oncology. Futile medicine use reported in one-fifth of terminally ill cancer patients (statins and antidementia drugs in nearly 100% cases, antihypertensives and bisphosphonates in nearly 30% cases) [3,4]. So, Proper and up-to-date knowledge is necessary in using alternative treatment…

  • Analysis on the Growth Path of Silk Road Story and Creative Industry

    Exploring the growth path of Silk Road story and creative industry focuses on three dimensions: industrial thought, business model and product modality. The ideological construction path of Silk Road story and creative industry includes interpreting the culture of creative industry, positioning the goals of creative industry and reflecting the values of creative industry. The business model innovation path of Silk Road story and creative indu0stry focuses on the business model innovation the value appreciation of the whole industrial chain. The growth path of Silk Road story creative products should first focus on the classification and creation of creative products, then determine the development and design path of products.

  • EFFICIENCY OF DAA ON HCV-INFECTED KIDNEY TRANSPLANT PATIENTS AT CHO RAY HOSPITAL – VIETNAM

    Purposes:To evaluate the efficiency of DAA (Direct Antiviral Agent), in particular sofosbuvir, ledipasvir in Hepatitis C treatment for patients with kidney transplants. Take note in the side effects and drug interactions during the treatment processes. Method:Intervention, prospective, cohort, case studies, non-randomized, open on to all kidney transplant cases with chronic Hepatitis C tested positive HCV RNA (+); the patients from the cases above had agreed to be the research’s subjects from 11/2015 to 8/2018 at Cho Ray hospital. Two regimens Sofosbuvir/Ribavirin and Sofosbuvir/Ledipasvir have been used for treatments, which depend on HCV genotype and liver cirrhosis levels. Results:In 440 patients who had been observed after kidney transplants, 44 cases anti HCV (+), 29 cases HCV RNA(+) and 4 cases HBV/HCV Confection. There were 15 cases with chronic Hepatitis C participated in study. Males made up 66.6% of the group with the average age 49± 7.06 yrs. There were 6.7% of them not taking full-course treatments. 80% of the patients were infected with only C virus, while 20% of the patients were co-infected with B and C virus. 40% of them had histories of previous blood transfusions. The ratio of patients with elevated liver enzymes was 33.3%. Genotype 1 (a and b) was 33.3%, genotype 2 was 6.7%, genotype 6 was 53.3% and 6.7% unidentifiable genotype. There were 2 cases which were treated with Sofosbuvir/Ribavirin regimen and 13 cases which were treated with Sofosbuvir/Ledipasvir regimen. Rapid virologic response (RVR) is 100%. Sustained virologic response (SVR) within 12 weeks and 24 weeks is 100%. Relapse ratio 0%. In regimen using Sofosbuvir / Ledipasvir, the side effects are mild and transient, including skin irritation, digestive disorders which account for 7.7%. In regimen using Sofosbuvir / Ribavirin, side effects including severe anemia, fatigue, loss of appetite related to Ribavirin occur in 50% of cases…

  • DEVELOPMENT OF THE CLINICAL REACTION FROM THE USE OF THE PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING: EXPERIENCE REPORT OF THE UFPE MEDICAL CLINIC LEAGUE

    Introduction: Medical knowledge has evolved greatly over time, both in relation to the pathophysiological knowledge of diseases, as the available therapeutic and prophetic arsenal. Despite this, clinical practice is still very much dependent on the medical ability to make a correct diagnosis and, from this, define the best conduct. In this scenario, medical schools have the challenge of facilitating the acquisition of this competence by students, as it is one of the greatest attributes to be developed during the medical course. Objectives: To describe the relevance of the mentoring activities of the medical clinic academic league (LACM-UFPE) for medical education. Methodology: We found 657 articles published from 2013 to 2018, in Portuguese and English. The Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) used were Problem-Based Learning and Education, Medical to search the PubMed database. Of this total, 7 articles fit the objectives of this study, serving as the basis for its composition. Results: The process of constructing clinical reasoning has been the focus of numerous investigations, which gave rise to two theoretical approaches: procedural and structural theory. LACM-UFPE uses the structural method, that is, it believes that the clinical reasoning depends on the acquired knowledge, which produces diagnostic hypotheses. Biomedical knowledge would be stored in memory composing this structural basis and thus the diagnostic competence would be determined by the professional’s ability to process these structures in memory. In Problem-Based Learning (PBL), used in LACM-UFPE tutorials, learning starts from problems or situations that aim to generate doubts, imbalances or intellectual disturbances. This method contains strong practical motivation and cognitive stimulation to generate creative solutions. The elaboration of good problems is fundamental in PBL. The problem is a tool that the teacher uses to motivate the student to retrieve knowledge stored in memory, instigate scientific doubts, integrate knowledge and direct the study. When applied,…

  • STORYTELLING EXTENSION PROJECT AT THE HOSPITAL: DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES

    Background: Colleges and universities have invested in extension projects as a learning scenario focused on the training of citizen professionals, who are more involved and engaged in their training process. These projects allow participating students the contact and experience with the social reality and development of competencies that favor a better professional performance in real scenarios. Methodology: Experience report. Results and discussion: The project arose from the desire of students and tutors of the courses of Psychology, Pharmacy and Medicine, who realized the need to offer a storytelling activity that enabled the minimization of the effects brought about by hospitalization, offering leisure and cultural activity to patients, as well as the development of competence for the students involved. This project happened in distinct wards of a reference hospital in Recife, Pernambuco. It has made it possible for students to exercise their role as citizens by offering a humanized strategy by telling stories to patients in different age groups. In addition, it enabled the development of professional competence such as: planning and decision making, at the time that will be decided what to do each trip to the wards, the books that will be taken; interpersonal communication, when they need to approach the patient, family and nursing professionals, when they will tell the story; problem solving, when unexpected situations arise, such as refusal to participate, or unexpected cries; autonomy, when directed the actual account and creativity when narrating history and arouse the interest of patients, ethical attitude, approach to the participants and ability to work in a team. Project tutors were mediators of this process through monthly follow-up meetings. Conclusion: This project in the hospital space led to the development of skills in students, who at first did not realize it. It was evident that these students assumed the role of…

  • ACTIONS AND EXTENSIONIST ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF LANGUAGE E COGNITION: EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Introduction: an interdisciplinarity has proved to be a necessary path to be followed by every health and/or education professional. Therefore, speech therapist needs to be integrated to several areas, such as: Psychology, Occupational therapy, Psychopedagogy, Linguistics, Neuropsychology. The Institution of “Ligas Acadêmicas”, recently, in Brazilian universities has become rather a way to reach and build together with the students and society a very important look interprofessional and multidisciplinary for the professional formation of these students. Objectives: present extensionist actions and activities in the field of language and cognition developed by an academic league during its first year. Methodology: Descriptive study, type of experience report, developed in an interdisciplinary perspective. The “Liga Acadêmica de Linguagem e Cognição” (LALIC) developed action and extension activities with the external community and academics of a private and a public university. The public was comprised of elementary school students from public schools, professors, students of Speech Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Psychology and Pedagogy. Campaign actions, conventional forums, mini-courses / workshops, meetings with members of the league and scientific events were carried out. Results: The campaign conducted on the International Stuttering Day that happened in schools and the university as lectures and activities of health education with the topic: “Gagueira não tem graça, tem tratamento!» (Stuttering do not have fun, has treatment!) Two Conversation Forums were organized, one related to Dyslexia Week and the other about the importance of phonology for linguistic development. The league also organized workshops on Therapeutic Resources and Sensory Integration, as well as mini courses on ABNT References and Production of Experience Reports. For its members, LALIC held several meetings in order to address topics such as: Cognitive decline, Language and language conceptions, Language acquisition in Prematurity and Language Disorders. Subsequently, the Symposium on Early Stimulation in Down Syndrome brought together teachers and academics…

  • HEALTH MEETING BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND SCHOOL: EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Introduction: From May 2016 to May 2018, was developed in the city of Arapiraca/Alagoas, the Education Program at Work for Health GraduaSUS, through the interinstitutional partnership between the Federal University of Alagoas Arapiraca campus and the Municipal Health Secretariat of Arapiraca/Alagoas. The extension project encourages active interaction between their involved (preceptors, students, users and tutors) in such a way that community links were built beyond the physical space of the classroom, and the Basic Health Unit, broadening the learning scenarios and health care, based in interpersonal relationships, where mutual learning was valued. Exercising this reasoning, was organized a Fair of Professions in high school one of the territories of operation of the project. Because the typical curiosity that permeates the adolescent phase, we discussed about health care in dynamic context, conducting the assimilation of this knowledge with guidance on the professional choice. Objectives: Promoting health education; create opportunities to teens, decision-making processes more aware about possible professional choice. Methods: This is a case studies, where the courses members (Nursing, Physical Education, Biological Sciences and Social Service) organized exhibition tents at the gym of the school, in order to exchange experiences, bringing the daily experience of students applications practices of University know ledge, in addition to the possibilities of professional performance of different of different areas. The Nursing group with use of posters built the history of nursing, until the clarification regarding the care carried out in each phase of life (childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age), and the practical demonstrations: measurement of vital signs, first aid, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Results: Teenagers expressed more doubts than expected, probably because they are in the school environment. The use of active learning methodology and use of accessible language to by the group at the time of the exchange of experience, made it possible…

  • PROFILE OF USERS OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN STREET SITUATIONS IN A POPULATION OF ALAGOAS

    Introduction: the consumption of illicit drugs is a public health problem. Objective: the aim of this study is to identify the profile of street drug users in the city of Arapiraca. Methodology: users were recruited in welcoming communities and at the Special Reference Center for Population in Street Situation (POP Center). A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to provide access to the users profile. All the participants signed the Informed Consent Term (TCLE). Statistical analysis was performed using the Stastistics Package for Social Science (SSPS) version 21. Results: a total of 12 users participated in the study, the age group most affected was between 36 and 45 years. The majority of users were male. Regarding ethnicity, marital status and schooling, 50% declared themselves mixed race, 83.3% were single and 50% had incomplete elementary education. Conclusions: some studies have shown that street users are predominantly male and that this predominance may be related to cultural issues. Further studies with this theme are necessary to better assess the profile of users of psychoactive substances nationwide.

  • IMPULSIVITY IN COCAINE/CRACK USERS IN THE CITY OF ARAPIRACA IN ALAGOAS

    Introduction: Currently drug use is as a major problem of global public health, given the diversity of aspects involved in drug abuse, psychoactive substances exert impacts on users, families and community, contributing to damage to the physical and mental health, as well as the socio-economic vulnerability and legal problems. Objective: Analyze the degree of cocaine / crack users behavior in Cozy Communities and the Reference Center for Population Homeless (POP Center) located in Arapiraca city in Alagoas. Methodology: This is a research with a quantitative approach, performed in Cozy Communities and POP Center, which are distributed in the city of Arapiraca. The instrument used for the production of data was made by means of structured interviews conducted in the period May to July 2018, in its physical space of the institutions, listing the sociodemographic profile and Impulsiveness Scale – BIS 11. For impulsive behavior grade analysis was used to impulsiveness scale – 11 BIS, based on “Ernst Barratt model, which is considered as one of the most important in impulsive behavior explanation”. Results: The results obtained, the overall score obtained an average of 2.38 were found for each partial average score of the three subdomains impulsiveness, the resulting average motor impulsivity: 2.24 to attentional impulsivity: 2.51 and impulsivity not planning: 2.34. Conclusion: This study shows the importance of impulsivity associated with the pattern of use of psychoactive substances.