Serial killers are among the most brutal, callous, and coldhearted criminal offenders. This is particularly true for sadipathic killers, that have no remorse for their acts and no empathy for their victims. This study analyzed statistical data collected from 220 people willing to share their thoughts and beliefs about serial murderers, why they repeatedly kill, whether they can be effectively treated and rehabilitated, and whether or not they should receive the death penalty. The findings revealed that most respondents believe that serial murder is connected to mental illness (82%), childhood abuse (81%), sadistic personality (75%), and anger (69%). The majority of respondents do not believe that serial killers can be treated or rehabilitated (79%). The majority of the participants also stated that serial killers should receive the death penalty (62%). Almost 8 out 10 respondents believe that serial murder is associated with a sadistic personality. Respondents 40 years of age and older (90%) were palpably more likely to believe that serial killers should receive the death penalty. With the exception of multiracial respondents, all ethnic groups leaned in the direction that serial killers should receive the death penalty. This study brings forth additional findings and insights into serial murder and sadipathy that may be of value to professionals working across academic, mental health, and legal settings.
Two recent articles in the American Psychologist (Vol 74, no. 7, 2019) on the Stanford Prison Experiment induced me to re-read Hannah Arendt’s The Human Condition (1958), On Totalitarianism (1973). and Eichmann in Jerusalem (Arendt and Kroh, 1964). This re-reading and reflection deepened my understanding of the value and role of social psychology and Arendt’s deep understanding of human speech and action as it relates to the Human Sciences and understanding our role in the social and political world. The review includes an experiment by Arthur Asch on “Opinion and social pressure” published in 1955 and then looks at Stanley Milgram’s experiment on obedience published in 1963. The review of these articles provides a context for looking at Philip Zimbardo’s Sanford Prison Experiment (1973) and a critique of that experiment which led to my re-reading Hannah Arendt. This article continues an exploration of my efforts (Morehouse, 2012; Morehouse, 2015; Morehouse et al, 2019) at integrating some elements of psychology and philosophy with the goal of deepening understanding of contemporary issues.
The phenomenon of workplace bullying is pervasive and exposure to bullying leads to long-term, systemic and individual negative impacts to targets of bullying and the organizations in which they work. Multiple studies confirm that workplace bullying is associated with psychological trauma and serious negative long-term outcomes for targets including mental health disorders and in extreme cases suicide. Emergency service organizations by design are hierarchical in nature, creating power structures that can lead to increased potential for bullying. The literature shows that first responders who work in emergency service organizations report rates of workplace bullying at upwards of 60% (six times the National average). The prevalence of workplace bullying amongst first responders, given their already high stress jobs, along with the long term negative impacts to a targets health, mental health and wellbeing are significant and constitute a serious crisis within the emergency services community.
This descriptive study used non-teaching staff of the University of Abuja for the study. The main thrust of this work was to determine the predictors of self-concepts among staff on the basis of two demographic variables – gender and marital status. A sample size of one hundred and fifty participants was drawn for the study through stratified random sampling procedure. The sample size consisted of 74 males and 76 females. A modified version of workers/self-concept scale (WSCS) was adapted to generate data for the study. The 35-item instrument sought responses on various aspects of self-conceptsinvolving moral self, family self, self –satisfaction, self-criticism. Two null hypotheses were formulated to determine the predictors of self-concepts on the basis of gender and marital status. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in self-concepts among staff on the basis of gender and moral status. This implies that the two demographic variables, do not predict self-concepts among the generality of the university workforce. The t-values were not significant at .393 and .495 for gender and marital status respectively. The authors recommended among other measures a more elaborate and in-depts. study involving a heterogeneous sample to ascertain a more reliable influence of the two variables on self-concepts.
Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women
General health status is defined as individual self reported quality of health conditions in relation to somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression among police. This study adopted cross-sectional survey design. Literature have not fully explored moderating role of gender on the relationship between occupational stress and general health condition among police in which this study tries to bridge gap in knowledge. Table of random sampling technique was used to select sample size of 474 serving police personnel. General Health status and occupational stress instruments were used and data generated were subjected to Pearson moment correlation, multiple hierarchical regression and univariance analyses. Significant relationship was observed between occupational stress and the four dimensions of general health conditions: (somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression). Occupational stress predicted significant portion of variance in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. The interaction (occupational stress*gender) accounted for significant variation in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Men significantly experience poor health conditions and occupational stress compare to women. Considering the potential role of occupational stress in this study, it is recommended that police institution should strategize her policy to make police work less stressful in order to achieve effective policing and training and workshop on health should be conducted to policemen considering their score on general health status.
The aim of the present study was to examine the factors influencing the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The study hypothesized that gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge will not influence the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The design of the study was cross-sectional. The participants comprise a total of one hundred (100) workers drawn from state and local government civil service in Anambra, Imo and Ebonyi States, Nigeria using random sampling technique. Data were collected through self-administered survey questionnaire, using a modified version of the Scale of Attitudes towards Disabled Persons (SADP). The four hypotheses were tested using 2x2x2x2 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the independent variables studied (i.e. gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge) neither jointly nor independently influenced the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances in carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Glucose and lipid metabolism are linked to each other. It is well known that dyslipidemia is considered a major risk factor for macrovascular complications in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, obesity-related metabolic syndrome has received widespread attention. The aim of the current study was to find out the correlation between HbA1c, lipid profile and BMI of elderly patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in a sample consists of one hundred and sixty elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Glycemic control, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI) were assessed. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and a significant negative correlation with HDL. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and FBS with BMI. Conclusion: Increased levels of HbA1c, is associated with dyslipidemia and increased BMI.
Xanthigen® is a nutraceutical combination of two well-known natural products, brown seaweed extract (rich in fucoxanthin) and pomegranate seed oil (rich in punicic acid), and it has been designed to use in weight management, in conjunction with a calorie restricted diet. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans Xanthigen® treatment caused a significant reduction in lipid deposition in wild-type N2 (WT-N2) animals but not in sirt-2.1-deficient strain, which raises the possibility that the prolipolytic or anti-lipogenic effect of Xanthigen® in these animals is mediated through Sirtuin 2.1 activation. This response has been well described for Xanthigen® in cell cultures and other animal models. In addition, Xanthigen® treatment conferred to both strains an increased resistance to thermal and oxidative stress, which opens the possibility that the effects of Xanthigen® are not mediated solely by Sirtuin 2.1 activation. We therefore explored whether Xanthigen® could activate diverse defence mechanisms such as DAF-16 activation, or GST induction in response to xenobiotics, by using the strains TJ356, CL2070 and CL2166, stably expressing Pdaf-16::GFP, Phsp-16.2::GFP and Pgst-4::GFP, respectively. Xanthigen® treatment provoked neither DAF-16 translocation to the nucleus nor increased expression of HSP16.2 and GST4, which opens the possibility that different mechanisms other than DAF-16 and those involved in xenobiotic responses, are activated by Xanthigen® and are capable of conferring to the nematode an increased resistance to thermal or oxidative stress.
The review article explains that the herbal remedies are uses self-treatment of different psychiatric disorders. It is reported that herbal medicines are used in treating a broad range of psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive, affective, bipolar maniac-depressive, psychotic, phobic and somatoform disorders etc…
The review article explains that the Tantra is oldest tradition of mind and body health, Universal is not creating any one, it is create by god. Its truth no scientific an evidence of various natural things in 21st century, Tantra explains systematic life, visualization of nothings etc… Tantra is best way of good things only.