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  • ABSENTEEISM DUE TO MENTAL DISORDERS IN A MUNICIPALITY IN THE INTERIOR OF ALAGOAS

    Introduction: Work-related diseases cause high absenteeism rates and their occurrence has been increasing gradually and because they cause great impact on the economy of the countries. Objective: To identify the prevalence of absenteeism due to mental disorders in servers in the municipality of Arapiraca-AL, from January to December 2013. Methodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. For this, we analyzed all the records used in the situation of work clearance of the municipal servants of Arapiraca in the Medical Board. Results: The study subjects were 816 public servants from the municipality of Arapiraca-AL, away from work from January to December 2013. For data analysis, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences-SPSS (version 20) was used. The present study showed that most professionals away from work were female (693 – 84.9%), married (426 – 52.2%), lived in rural areas (116 – 14.2%) and were permanent employees (627 – 76.8%). Education configured the stocking organ most affected by absenteeism at work (474 – 58.1%) represented by the post of teacher (281 – 34.4%). The absence of mental disorders occupied the fourth most frequent cause (151 – 18.5%) among the various reasons for distancing from work and the depressive episode was the mental disorder that stood out in relation to the others (19 – 12.6%). Conclusion: The high rate of absenteeism due to mental disorders evidences the need for a new look at the mental health of workers in order to develop strategies for immediate intervention.

  • REPERCUSSIONS OF THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS IN PERFORMANCE OF DAILY LIFE ACTIVITIES

    Introduction: The term institutionalization comes from Europe, from the middle ages, where people with mental disorders were excluded from the social environment. Thereafter the psychiatric hospitals are developed, whose principles become isolation, repression and total institutionalization. Psychiatric hospitals were then established as a place of psychiatric power and disease manipulation.Thus, in the total institutionalization the subject loses his individuality, being treated only by the disease, removed from his self, resulting in greater difficulty in social reintegration, autonomy and independence of the individual. Objectives: To report on how institutionalization may interfere with the performance of daily living activities (ADLs) of institutionalized users in a psychiatric hospital. Methods: This is a descriptive work of the experience report type, presenting experiences at the Teodora Albuquerque Psychiatric Hospital in Arapiraca / AL, between May 2019 and September 2019, with institutionalized individuals with more than one year of hospitalization. Results: Activities of daily living are basic self-care tasks that can be used and well-being, such as bathing, eating, combing or hair, among others (AOTA, 2015). Within the experiences, there was a progressive difficulty in the functional and conscious performance of ADLs, due to numerous factors, which may be pathological or acquired in institutionalization, especially among males and older age, with prevalence of acquired difficulty. by total institutionalization. In this process, individuals who are hospitalized longer are more susceptible to the gradual loss of their functional independence, both by the polypharmacy highly present in psychiatric hospitals, and by the mode of repression and isolation that leads to the aggravation of mental illness. Conclusion: Given this, it is understood that a psychiatric institutionalization negatively interferes with the performance of users’ ADLs.

  • Optimization of overhaul of EMU Based on Planning Model

    With the speed increase of the railway and the construction of the passenger dedicated line, the application efficiency and maintenance quality of the EMU, as the main means of transport of the passenger dedicated line, are directly related to the safe operation of the passenger dedicated line. Therefore, it is very necessary to carry out high-efficiency and high-quality maintenance work for EMU. In this paper, the maintenance problem of EMU is studied. According to the different maintenance process of EMU under different conditions, a mixed nonlinear programming model is established, and the software is used to solve the shortest total time of maintenance of all EMU is 541 min. The model provides a reference for the optimization of maintenance of EMU in actual production and life, and is helpful to improve the maintenance efficiency of EMU.

  • HOSPITAL HOSPITALIZATIONS FOR MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN MACEIÓ IN THE YEARS 2013 TO 2018

    Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2011, the prevalence of mental disorders in the world population is 10%, exceeding 25% to be considered during the course of life. Health information has important roles in health policies, enabling planning, prevention, promotion and recovery actions, as it forms a system for the acquisition, organization and analysis of data to define health problems and risks and to evaluate efficacy. , efficiency and influence that the services provided exert on the health of the population³. Objective: To characterize the epidemiological profile of hospitalizations for mental and behavioral disorders in the city of Maceió from 2014 to 2018. Methodology: This is a descriptive quantitative study based on data analysis of the Hospital Internment System (SIH). accessed by DATASUS, having the following variables: ICD 10 (Mental and Behavioral Disorders), ICD 10 List (Mental Disorders due to the use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances, year (2014-2018), age group (15 – 59 years ), gender (male and female) in the city of Maceió-Alagoas. Results and discussion: From the data analyzed, Maceió totaled 4,778 thousand (47.87%) of the cases of hospitalizations for mental and behavioral disorders between the years 2013 to 2018, 2013 with 952 billion (9.52%), 2014 with 1.025 thousand cases (10.25%), 2015 with 635 thousand cases (6.35%), 2016 with 717 thousand cases (7.17%), 2017 with 679 thousand cases (6.79%) and 2018 with 765 thousand cases (7.65%) c the predominance of cases in 2014 with approximately 10% of cases. Age groups totaled 4,787 corresponding to 47.87% of the cases, being 15-19 years with 432 (4.32%), 20-29 years with 1.093 (10.93%), 30-39 years with 1.091 (10.91 %), 40-49 years with 1,111 (11.13%) and 50-59 years with 707 (7.07%), with predominance of cases between 40-49 years and about 11% of cases. The male gender totaled 4,111…

  • REPERCUSSIONS OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN THE FAMILY CONTEXT

    Introduction: With the change in the care environment, the family came to be seen as an ally in treating the person with mental disorders, beginning to experience the home, as a new environment full of emotions, responsibilities and changes. Thus, it is important to know by health professionals of the repercussions that mental disorders cause in the family, so that it enables planning focused on holistic action, centered on the resolution of problems that lead to the illness of the family environment. Objective: to identify the repercussions of mental disorders in the family context. Methodology: Literature review in the databases SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS, CUIDEN and SCIELO. The selected articles were classified as to the level of evidence and data analysis was constructed in Microsoft Excel containing the main information of the articles. Results:1,400 articles were found, of which 234 articles were selected to read the abstracts, 41 included the theme. Then, 27 articles were selected to answer the guiding question. However, after the application of methodological criteria, an article was excluded, totaling a final sample of 26 articles. Conclusion: the experience of having a family member with mental disorders was seen, as a difficult and overloading experience, but this coexistence has made it possible to search for the breakdown of paradigm of mental illness, the approximation of the family with treatment and health services, in addition to contributing to the reintegration of it into society.

  • SOCIAL DISAPPROVAL AS A FACTOR OF VULNERABILITY TO MENTAL ILLNESS IN SEXUAL AND GENDER MINORITIES

    Introduction: The population of Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual, Transvestite and Transsexual is the target of social failure (Homophobias, Lesbophobia, transphobia), which contributes to social exclusion and with great association with vulnerability to their health and suffering. Objective: To identify the prevalence of social failure as a factor of vulnerability to mental illness in sexual and gender minorities. Methodology: This is a descriptive, transversal and quantitative study. Data collection took place between December 2018 and June 2019. The place where the research occurred was the Federal University of Alagoas. The instruments used were the identification questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Students belonging to sexual and gender minorities who studied at the Federal University of Alagoas, aged 18 years and over, were included. Those who gave up graduation during data collection were excluded. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Alagoas. Results: 141 students belonging to sex and gender minorities were interviewed, 64 (45.4%) female and 77 (54.6%) male sex. Regarding sexual orientation, 83 (58.9%) were homosexuals, 50 (35.5%) were bisexual and 8 (5.8%) pansexuals. In relation to gender identity, 135 (95.7%) were cisgender, 2 (1.4%) were transgendered and 4 (2.8%) non-binary. 139 (98.6%) Individuals had already revealed their sexual orientation to someone. Of these, 112 (79.4%) already suffered social failure, being 74 (52.5%) from the family, 56 (39.7%) from unknown persons, 21 (14.9%) from friends, 12 (8.5%) from college colleagues and 10 (7.1%) from co-workers. According to MINI, 134 (95%) who had some kind of mental disorder, 89 (63.1%) presented generalized anxiety disorder. In addition, of the total number of respondents, 108 (76.6%) had psychiatric comorbidities. Conclusions: The research data identified that sexual and gender minorities are vulnerable to mental illness, highlighting generalized anxiety disorder, reflecting all social and family pressures that these…

  • INCIDENCE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IN THE POPULATION OF PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS

    Introduction: Schizophrenia is idiopathic chronic psychosis characterized by distortions of thought, perception, inadequacy and affective dullness. The main risk factors are connected by genetic, neurobiological and psychosocial functions. In Brazil, it is estimated that over 2.5 million people are carriers of the disease, alarming given the social damage that the disease can bring. Objective: To analyze the prevalence data in new cases of schizophrenia from 2014 to 2018 by sample of municipalities in the state of Pernambuco with more than 100 new cases in the period. Methodology: It is a study in secondary databases, conducted from the Basic Data indicators of Brazil, an integral tool of the health information system, using quantitative analysis of variables. Results: There was a 25% reduction in new cases in 2018 compared to 2014. The municipality of Garanhuns had the largest absolute and relative reduction of new cases in the period, from 467 to 6.. The cities of Caruaru, Serra talhada and Igarassu also had a reduction in the number of cases. In contrast, in the municipality of Araripina there was an increase in the number of cases in the period. In the municipality of Recife there was the highest incidence among the municipalities, with 7,209 hospitalizations, 66% of the total cases in the state. Discussion: With the exception of the municipality of Araripina, it is generally observed that there were significant reductions in the number of new cases when evaluating the totality of the municipalities of Pernambuco. This may be associated with the expansion of preventive public health education policies aimed at raising awareness of the population about the disease, improving the effectiveness of treatment over the years and the assistance of multiprofessional health teams in psychosocial care centers, with a view to reintegration of these patients in the social context and reduction of…

  • Evaluation and Prediction of Water Quality in the Yangtze River Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method

    Due to the increasingly serious water pollution of the Yangtze river, the discharge of waste water increases year by year, the water pollution problem is very serious, environmental protection is imminent. In this paper, we study the water quality assessment and prediction, based on the analysis of the conditions and data, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to make quantitative analysis, the quality of the water in the Yangtze river and one dimensional water quality model to calculate two kinds of the main sources of pollutants, finally using the linear regression equation to predict the amount of sewage after ten years, and made the solution.

  • INCIDENCE OF MOOD DISORDER IN RECIFE POPULATION: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS

    Introduction: Mood Disorders are characterized by changes in affective life, towards depression (with or without associated anxiety) or mania. These are usually accompanied by a change in the overall level of activity. Most of these disorders tend to be recurrent, causing severe damage to the life of the patient and those around him, especially the family. Objective: To describe the prevalence data in new cases of mood disorders between 2014 and 2018, by sample of type of care, gender and age group in the city of Recife. Methodology: This is a study in secondary databases through the Basic Data indicators of Brazil, an integral tool of the health information system, using quantitative analysis of variables. Results: We analyzed the data regarding hospitalizations and concluded that Recife represented 76.8% of hospitalizations performed in Pernambuco, and 81% of cases represented urgent hospitalization. The age group most frequently led to hospitalization was between 30 and 39 years old (25.5%), followed by 40 to 49 years old (24.7%) and 50 to 59 years old (20.7%). Together, ages 10 to 14 and from 80 onwards accounted for only 0.066% of all cases. The brown color presented 71.9% of the hospitalizations and the white presented 21.6% of the cases. Regarding the prevalence between genders, 64.8% of hospitalizations corresponded to females. The total amount spent by public coffers in 2018 was 12.9% higher than 2017, but 15.3% lower than the average of the period analyzed. It is also noteworthy that the Ulysses Pernambucano Psychiatric Hospital received 77.3% of the notified hospitalizations and the average stay for 2018 was the lowest in the historical series (17.6), 28.1% lower than the average of the analyzed period (24.5). Discussion: In general, it was observed that the municipality of Recife, and especially the Ullysses Pernambucano Psychiatric Hospital, covers the vast majority…

  • Studying the Correlation of Stocks via Copula Function

    Many factors affect the value of stocks, but there are few studies on the correlation between stocks and stock indexes. Therefore, this paper selects the closing prices of 4 industries related to Everbright Bank (601818) and 15 sectors related to the market index from 2017 to 2018, carries on the correlation analysis based on the Copula function, and compares the correlation coefficient by calculation. The stocks closely related to Everbright Bank are mainly bank stocks such as Bank of China and Ningbo Bank, while those greatly affected by the Shanghai Composite Index are Yunnan germanium industry, Tongji Technology, Futian Automobile and other technology and manufacturing stocks. Based on the Copula function to explore the correlation between stocks and the influencing factors, to provide a specific research basis for stock correlation analysis.