HEALTH EDUCATION AS A HUMANIZATION STRATEGY FOR NORMAL HOSPITAL BIRTH AND DELIVERY OF PAIN WITH NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL METHODS: EXPERIENCE REPORT
Introduction: In the past, the obstetric practices adopted in maternity wards adopted an interventionist character, marked by authoritarianism. With the objective of assuring women the right to reproductive planning, humanized attention to pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium, the Federal Government established the Network Stork within the SUS (Unic Health System). One of the main objectives of the National Guidelines for Assistance to Normal Labor, updated in March 2017, is to reduce unnecessary interventions in the process of attending normal childbirth and, consequently, its injuries. Objectives: To show the perspective of nursing students regarding nursing care for pregnant women in labor. Methodology: This is an experience report by students in the discipline of Clinical Teaching in Women’s Health, undergraduate course in Nursing of Faculdade Estácio de Alagoas – FAL, Jatiúca campus, from August to December 2017. Results: It was possible to put into practice the techniques of care acquired in the classroom, ranging from the importance of emotional and psychological support to adopting measures that aimed to reduce pain and promote comfort. Conclusions: Although there are ordinances aimed at the humanization of childbirth care, the nurses still employ interventionist practices of a violent nature. Therefore, it is imperative that guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health be followed in all areas, since once these measures have been adopted, the quality of childbirth care improves considerably, as does the experience of childbirth from the point of view of the patient.
Introduction: Health technology refers to the application of knowledge in order to promote health, prevent, treat diseases and rehabilitate people. Are examples of technologies in health: medicines, health products, procedures, organizational, educational systems, for information and support and assistance programmes and protocols by which attention and health care are provided to the population. Second Merhy, classifies the technologies of health as follows: health technologies, take hard and Harsh. In practice in the maternity ward to the discipline of women’s health II from the Federal University of Alagoas, foster care is encouraged through the use of Light Health Technologies, which are relational technologies, such as those related to the production of the bond production, host, empowerment; providing a trust and humanized assistance, allowing professional-patient-service walk together to the same solution. Objective: To report the academic experience in practice, in the handling of health technologies, in the accompaniment of a parturient in labor, demonstrating your importance to the service. Methodology: This is a case studies drawn from the experience the nursing student, assisted by teachers linked to women’s health discipline II. The practical activity happened in the maternity of Our Lady of Fátima de Arapiraca, Alagoas, in July 2018. Using health technologies take in areas such as reception, sorting, prepartum, postpartum and childbirth in order to promote the mother a humanized assistance and led for the same. Results: The practices were able to combine theoretical and practical knowledge in order to perform in hospitals, functions performed in areas as host, classification, prepartum, postpartum and childbirth in order to promote the mother a humanized assistance and carried out by the same. The scholars were able to see and make use of lightweight technologies, to assist in labor and childbirth of parturient women. The gaze on the mother could be reformulated and strengthened, since…
LORBOR PAIN IN CANE CUTTERS: THE CONTRIBUTION OF ERGONOMICS IN HEALTH EDUCATION ABOUT PREVENTION: EXPERIENCE REPORT
Objective: To identify the understandings of sugarcane workers on the contribution of ergonom-ics in the prevention of low back pain. Understanding that knowledge of issues pertinent to this field is fundamental, members of Uninassau’s academic health and safety union have held talks with sugarcane cutters. Results: These professionals seek in the cane cut a way to support their families. We believe in the potential of each sugarcane cutter that participated in an active and collaborative way during the activities. Starting from the qualitative and descriptive approach of this experience report, we find methodological subsidies in oral history, as a way of listening and dialoguing with the subjects during the conversational wheels. Considering the purpose of the study, several lines were observed during the wheels. Conclusion: They indicate that although cane cutters understand ergonomics as a relevant element in the prevention of postural con-straints and consequently the prevention of pain in the lumbar before, during or after their work activities, their understandings about the working environment in the cut do not seem to have any impact in consolidating a broader and more critical formation.
BENEFITS OF LUDIC ACTIVITIES IN MODIFICATION OF PAINFUL FEELING OF CHILDREN WITH CANCER IN HOSPITAL INSULATION UNITS
Introduction: In relation to the negative impacts of pain on the quality of life of the child with cancer, they tend to represent an environment of frustration, fear and anxiety, and this should identify and stimulate the use of effective strategies, since distraction, presence family members and playful activity help to minimize these painful sensations as well as social issues as the child leaves home and friends and moves inward for a period of time, so it is of great relevance for the care of children with cancer, not only invasive treatments but also dynamic strategies that rescue the child’s joy and the stimulation of living. Objective: To relate the benefits of playful activity in the treatment of children with hospitalized cancer, and the reduction of pain sensation. Methodology: This is a bibliographical review of the integrative type. Result: The distraction that play activities bring besides being defined as one of the intrinsic characteristics of playing can also be an important auxiliary tool in coping with acute painful situations, and helps in recovery. Conclusion: In this way, it is of fundamental importance to the use of play activities, because even with all the difficulties of hospitalization, the child tends to have a good recovery behind the realization of these dynamic practices as well as develop abilities throughout their treatment.
Ergonomics as an Intervention of Health Education in the Prevention of Lumbar Pain and The Legs in the Trucks of the Gasoline Posts of BR 101 Alagoas
Objective: To describe ergonomics as a health education intervention through members of the UniNassau multidisciplinary academic leagues and students of the Nursing, Nutrition, Medicine, Physical Education and Physiotherapy courses at UFAL / UFPE in the prevention of low back pain in truck drivers of gasoline in BR 101 Alagoas. Results: This is a descriptive study, an experience report, with activities carried out with BR 101 Alagoas truck drivers. Intervention activities included guidelines on RSI, DORT, Workplace Gymnastics, Relaxation, Stretching, Postures, Cognitive Ergonomics as Stress in the Direction during Transit and Cargo Burglaries. The approaches by means of conversation wheels, counted on the measurement of the arterial pressure, verification of anthropometric measurements and evaluation of body mass index, as well as, practical demonstrations of health care, such as workout gymnastics and relaxation. Conclusion: It was evidenced that the health education activities through the Ergonomics to the truck drivers incorporated the characteristics of intervention directed to the reality of the target public, as an active subject of the process of care to improve the quality of work life.
Background: Oral mucositis is an inflammatory toxic reaction of the oral mucosa due to exposure to chemotherapeutic agents or ionizing radiation, being one of the most frequent side effects of antineoplastic treatment. It is found in almost 100% of patients submitted to radiotherapy in the head and neck region and can cause dysphagia and infection by opportunistic microorganisms. It is considered the most common cause of oral pain in these patients. This pain can reach significant levels, compromise nutrition, and even lead to treatment modification or discontinuation. Objective: to describe the efficiency of low level laser therapy in the control of pain and oral mucositis. Methods: case report and literature review contextualized to the proposed theme. Results: J.A.P, male, 56 years old, fisherman. Diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma (AP nº 173864) in posterior wall of oropharynx. The recommended antineoplastic treatment involved surgery with chemotherapy (CDDP weekly) and adjuvant radiotherapy. The patient was being submitted to radiotherapy with 180 cGy / day. At the 11th week of therapy, he developed severe pain and difficulty feeding and was referred to the Dentistry Oncoly Center service of the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital. On intraoral examination was verified the presence of ulcerations on the back of the tongue, buccal floor and right and left jugal mucosa, characterizing oral mucositis grade III, according to the classification of the World Health Organization. And in the Numerical Pain Scale the patient listed the number 8. The antineoplastic radiation therapy was temporarily suspended. The Standard Operational Protocol for Oral Care (POP-Oral) of the service was instituted and the use of low-level laser (Laser Duo MMO) with the wavelength of 660nm, power of 35mW. In the second session of photodynamic therapy, the patient already reported improvement in food acceptance, and listed number 5 in the Numerical Pain Scale. Photodynamic…
A new method of investigation the equilibrium state of the economy is proposed. The classification of the equilibrium states is given. The basic principle of equilibrium the economy system to its environment is formulated. It is used to obtain the money circulation equation. On this basis the notion of the permanent economic development is defined. The analysis of the economy of four countries is given. The principe of adequacy of currency exchange and inflation rates to the factors that their determine is proposed. This work was supported in part by the Program of Fundamental Research of the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (project № 0117U000240).
The Influence of the Collection of the Waste Classification on the Control of the Domestic Waste Incineration
with the continuous development of social economy and the continuous improvement of national living standards in our country, people put forward higher requirements for the quality of living environment around us, and the domestic waste produced in peopleundefineds daily life and the waste treatment produced in the production process have become the key and difficult points that people pay close attention to, and the treatment of domestic waste is related to peopleundefineds health and quality of living environment. Therefore, we should pay attention to the influence of garbage classification collection on the control of domestic waste incineration pollutants. According to my own relevant experience and combined with a wide range of social practice investigation and research, the author discusses the influence of garbage classification and collection on the control of domestic waste incineration pollutants, hoping to provide reference.
The waste incineration power generation is not only an effective measure to deal with the urban domestic garbage, but also can realize the supplement of the urban electric energy resources. Because of the complexity and diversification of the municipal solid waste in our country, there are different and complex chemical reactions in the waste incineration process. The reaction itself has a direct hazard to the human body and the environment, especially the highly toxic dioxins, which is a key factor to hinder the development of the waste incineration power generation technology. In order to better improve the comprehensive benefit of the waste incineration power generation, this paper briefly analyzes the emission control of the pollutants in the waste incineration power generation process, and hopes to provide theoretical help to the relevant workers.
Natural fibers are becoming a competitive option as reinforcement of polymeric composite materials due to their bio-based character, good specific mechanical properties, low cost and inexhaustible supply. The aim of this study was to make the Bamboo fiber and high density polyethylene (HDPE) composite and to measure the wet loss of the composite due to removal of moisture content at 105 0C, 125 0C and 135 0C temperature. Bamboo fiber were extracted from bamboo culm and treated with 0.5 M NaOH. Bamboo fiber-reinforced HDPE composites were prepared employing melt blending technique followed by heat press molding with various weight fractions (5, 10, 30 and 40 wt. %) of the treated bamboo fiber with HDPE. A systematic investigation of the thermal behavior on the moisture content of the composites was carried out. It was observed that at 135 0C temperature more moisture removed from the composite compared to 105 0C and 125 0C temperature. It also revealed that the weight loss of the composite increased with the increase in the Bamboo fiber loading (5% to 40%).