This study tested the relationship between Rwanda’s economic growth, foreign direct investment, and labor in agricultural spanning between 1970 and 2017. In this paper, the ARDL “bounds” test method is used to analyze the co-integration problem of variables with a constant level relationship. Co-integration coefficients were estimated using the ARDLs model. After verifying the long-term (co-integration) equilibrium relationship of economic growth within the variables, the error correction model is used to estimate the short-term coefficients. We found that agriculture and foreign direct investment have becomes an engine depending of Rwanda’s economic development. The FDI has a causal relationship to economic growth; while labor have no causal relationship to economic growth. The Rwandan government should promote macroeconomic policies to encourage foreign direct investment and promote economic growth in agriculture.
The examination and exploration for the nature and meanings of Modernity have been recently presented in philosophy, sociology and psychology books and journal articles. This article presents some of the important ideas in these disciplines and provides a perspective that integrates three disciplines (Philosophy, Sociology, and Psychology) and five authors’ views on Modernity (Charles Taylor, Jaan Valsiner, Anthony Giddens, Herbert Hermans, and Hartman Rosa). The paper first presents an overview of these authors. It goes on to illustrate several common themes of their work: 1) the role of narrative and a semiotic perspective as tools for understanding modernity, 2) a developmental orientation and exploration of how self and society might be seen as developmental processes, and 3) a beginning of a reorienting of philosophy, sociology and psychology as interconnected disciplines. The goal of presenting the views of these authors is to gain a perspective on why it is valuable to understand the historical period we live in (modernity), the roles played by narrative and semiotics and the developmental nature of humans and their culture, and how listening to the melody and tone of modernity aids in understanding modernity.
Punica granatum is historically known worldwide as a versatile medicinal fruit. 2 major varieties are presented (i) indo Ayurvedic type (Punica Ayurvedica ?) that is small, harsh and yields no juice and (ii) the juice variety which is commercialised. Indo-Iranian joint effort presents a tome of textual data pertaining to the medicinal aspects of Punica. Gallagic group. Enantiomers. Antagoniostic. Ayurvedic texts and Occidental research modelled papers in tabulated form chronologically succinctly bringing out the evidence based historiography & medico-cultural heritage. On such platform a range of formulations; fruit-to-finished product are presented for the 1st time machine makeable and very specifically also by hand, at home. Poly pathology spectrum; versatile therapeutic range; medico-legal; lyophilisation; sterilisation; etc. aspects are also indicated. Includes Tablets; Suspensions for General to Geriatric case types. Ground breaking. Frank.
Field tests are necessary in establishing navigation models and algorithms for agricultural vehicle robots. And it costs much to use tractors or combine harvesters as the platform in terms of system modification, routine maintenance and fuel consumption. The objective of this research was to develop a general-purpose test platform for conducting experiments in agricultural autonomous navigation at a low cost based on a commercially available electric vehicle. A brushless motor was utilized as the power source for automatic steering. An analog PID controller was designed to compare steering commands and actual steering angle and calculate an appropriate voltage signal as the input of the motor driver. A rotary encoder was attached to the driving wheel and a digital PID controller was implemented to determine the throttle value in real-time in maintaining the test platform at a desired speed. A CAN-bus network was established to integrate the automatic steering system and the speed control system as two nodes for information communication. And a CAN node interface was reserved for receiving commands from autonomous navigation systems to be evaluated. Field tests showed that RMS errors were 2.6 cm and 0.054 m·s-1 for lateral offset and speed control, respectively, in tracking straight paths, which indicated that the newly developed test platform met requirements for agricultural navigation experiments.
Agriculture in the north of Côte d’Ivoire, like the rest of the country, is undergoing genuine development. This situation is leading producers to adopt new cultivation techniques, including the use of herbicides for weed control. Herbicides have advantages and disadvantages in their handling. Knowing how dangerous these products can be, identifying them would be advantageous, hence this study. The main objective of this study is to establish a list of herbicides used on vegetable and food crops in the study area. In the departments of Boundiali, Ferké, Korhogo, and Séguéla directed interviews were conducted with traders, producers, and firms. They focused on the active ingredients of the herbicides, the type, and the mode of use. At the end of the study, seventy-seven herbicides divided into twenty-two active ingredients were identified. Glyphosate was the most present followed by nicosulfuron. To conclude, it should be noted that herbicides are present in the habits of the producers in our study area. They still do not use the products according to the standards. These results will help improve the quality and sustainability of agriculture.
Objectives: Legacy allows individuals to make meaning of their lives by passing on their experiences and beliefs to younger people and influencing their perspectives, perceptions, and actions. This mixed-methods study investigated: (1) What is important for older adults to share as legacy with families, friends and others, based on the types and features of their digital stories ? and (2) How do older adults’ digital stories affect story viewers? Methods: One hundred adults aged between 55 and 95 years participated in ten-week Elder’s Digital Storytelling courses and created short digital stories. Using the content analysis approach, the story transcripts were thematically analyzed and iteratively coded by three researchers and the results were quantified. A diverse group of 60 viewers at a public event provided their reactions to the digital stories. Results: The findings revealed that character, place, and family were chosen as the primary types by the older adults for their legacy digital stories. Accomplishment and career/school were the next most prominent story types. Moreover, these digital stories appeared to have a powerful impact on the viewers. Discussion: A digital story is a powerful artifact to communicate an older person’s legacy because it is based on familiar forms of communication, such as speech and photographs. The major legacy themes chosen by the older adults align with the findings of the research literature. The feedback from the viewers of the digital stories reflects these as a source of life wisdom and legacy for younger generations. Funding details: This work was supported by the AGE-WELL National Centre of Excellence (AW CRP 2015-WP4.3).
Older Adult Perspectives towards Health Literacy and Knowledge of Chronic Diseases in Nepal: A case study
Background: The individual level of health literacy directly affects the health outcomes of any people. Older adult people are more vulnerable to chronic diseases than other groups of people. Also they have low health literacy and poor understanding of diseases than any other age group of people. Aim: This study aim is to explore older adult perspectives towards health literacy and knowledge of chronic diseases. Methods: The study was taken during December 2019 in the Budhanilkantha Municipality of Kathmandu district of Nepal. Semi-structured interview was conducted in four older adult participants with chronic diseases. It included health knowledge, level of understanding of chronic disease conditions, and the use of health services. Inductive analysis was followed for the patterns, themes, and categories of analysis to emerge. Results: Health literacy and knowledge of chronic diseases, health belief system, and experience of health problems were the emerging themes included here. The study results finds that lack of disease knowledge, low health literacy, health belief system, socio-economic, and cultural factors were influencing factors to chronic diseases among older adults. Participants had a minor knowledge of chronic diseases; they had lack in knowledge regarding their own chronic diseases. Conclusion: Health literacy is an important factor of understanding, accessing and utilizing health knowledge and health services. It is most important that the health literacy of the people is necessary to improve for positive health and gaining the knowledge of chronic diseases. To overcome the chronic health problems it is most important to improve the health knowledge, understanding of chronic diseases, and literacy level to the older adult people.
Here, we report a case of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome(HSOS) of a 30 years old female patient with Ulcerative colitis(UC) who was being treated by mesalazine. The patient was admitted to the emergency unit by harsh and cramping abdominal pain, she had increased AST-ALT-Bilirubine and GGT levels in the blood laboratory analysis. In the Portal venous Doppler US; Splenomegaly and coarse granular appearance in liver parenchymal echogenecity were observed. In the abdominal CT, Splenomegaly was confirmed. In the Dynamic Abdominal MRI, pathognomonic liver finding which was the patchy contrast-enhancing reticular appearance, was visualized and the exact diagnosis was handled by true-cut biopsy. The aid of Dynamic Abdominal MRI to the early diagnosis of HSOS was also demonstrated in this case.
Previous research presents extensive conclusive results regarding the association between firm performance and CEO turnover. However, the issue of CEO turnover is still rarely investigated with regard to the usefulness Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) performance in the topic of Chief Executives Officers (CEOs) turnovers. The principle objective of this study is to investigate whether the likelihood of the CEOs turnover is inversely correlated with the IPO performance of the firm. This study is conducted by employing the U.S. sample data consists of 462 firms including 173 CEO turnover events within 5 years after the IPO offering during the period between 2003 and 2013, and it is mainly concluded that CEO turnover matters with respect to firm IPO performance, however, only for IPO long-term performance, rather than short-term performance.
As time goes on, sentiments change. This statement is perhaps best observed in the mercurial nature of the fashion industry, where styles and brands are constantly evolving. These changes may seem random, or simply a product of what celebrities enjoy at the moment. However, upon closer investigation, an interesting trend appears: the movement of designer brands towards smaller and more simplistic logos. These changes are by no means insignificant; advertising is one of the most important aspects of a brand, and its costs are substantial. Because of these costs, brands only aim to change logos when they feel they need to match a change in fashion or a cultural shift. Thus, by analyzing when and how brands change their logos, researchers can predict and capitalize upon trends in the fashion industry. However, it is still unclear as to why brands have specifically moved to more simplistic appearances. What is the appeal for newer styles to be more discreet, humble, and less ostentatious? To understand this phenomenon, we propose a model that analyzes the change in preferences and motivations in both fashion and culture across generations. Using this model, we achieve results that give further insight into how this knowledge can be used to predict and capitalize upon future trends.