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  • The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review

    Objective: To find any role of optimism and/or resilience mediating emotional distress in infertility. Method: We performed a literature search for 2000–2017 in PubMed, PsycINFO and Elsevier, for original articles and reviews, using keywords “resilience,” “infertility,” “optimism,” “LOT-R,” “in vitro fertilization,” and “assisted reproductive technology.” Additional references were collected from articles located thereby. Results: The evidence reveals a growing trend of promoting people´s positive health assets and indicates significant negative associations of optimism and resilience with anxiety and depression and positive associations with self-esteem and perception of control. It seems optimism and resilience heavily influence physical and mental health and diminishes emotional distress due to infertility. Discussion: This review highlights the importance of the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions increasing optimism and resilience against affective dysregulation and emotional distress caused by infertility.

  • Neurophysiological effects of a special extract of Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperol)

    The tuberous rhizomes of Cyperus esculentus L. have been used as a food by hunter-gatherer and agricultural societies for millennia. Varieties and selections of the plant are cultivated in southern Europe, north Africa and west Africa. There is popular food and beverage uses, and traditional medicinal uses suggest that the “tubers” may have functional food potential. The first standardized extract of Cyperus esculentus, Cyperol, has been developed and commercialized. In order to characterize the central nervous system activity of this extract a series of neurophysiological studies were undertaken in-vitro, in-vivo and in a pilot clinical study. The results of the studies indicate that Cyperol induces changes in brain electrical activity (EEG), demonstrating that bioactive compounds from the extract are absorbed, are bioavailable, and that these compounds or their metabolites cross the blood brain barrier. Taken overall, the results of the reported studies indicate calming activity without sedation. This extract does indeed have functional food potential and could be used to maintain a calm state of mind while dealing with cognitively demanding work. Preliminary indications suggest that the extract may have anxiolytic potential which should be explored in future clinical studies.

  • Research and Application of Personalized Recommendation in E-Commerce System

    With the rapid development of the Internet, personalized recommendation has become an indispensable part of e-commerce system. How to solve the miscellaneous information in e-commerce system through personalized recommendation has become a research hotspot. This paper analyses the development background and significance of personalized recommendation, compares and analyses the relevant algorithms of personalized recommendation through the research of e-commerce system and personalized recommendation, and deeply studies the application of personalized recommendation technology in e-commerce system. The research of personalized recommendation system will contribute to the further development of e-commerce system and make Internet life closer to reality.

  • Current Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of Poverty Alleviation in Traditional Chinese Medicine industry

    Poverty alleviation by industry plays an indispensable role in poverty alleviation, and poverty alleviation by Chinese medicine industry, as one of the industrial development models with local characteristics in recent years, has achieved remarkable results. However, there are also some problems that cannot be ignored. It is of great practical significance to analyze and put forward countermeasures for the healthy development of poverty alleviation industries, promote economic growth in poor areas, increase income of poor households and realize the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

  • WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT: ARE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2030 ACHIEVABLE? A STUDY OF BRICS COUNTRIES

    The study is aimed at defining, measuring, analysing and recommending policies pertaining to women and child development in BRICS countries. The developmental initiatives and achievements have been linked with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 2030). The four relevant goals pertaining to women and children have been earmarked for further analysis and detailed cross-country comparative data analysis has been performed. Key measurement indicators have been benchmarked as focus areas. The outcome was inspiring due to the sustainable and increasing trend of the development indicators. The historical policy initiatives of the BRICS countries have been evaluated and landmark policies have been identified with its impact on the socio-economic development. The impact and necessity of public policy preparation and intervention in the light of targeted goal orientation has been elaborated in the paper. In the conclusion, we have highlighted the positive impact of Neoclassical Realist policymaking to ensure implementable and feasible policies to meet developmental needs of SDG 2030.

  • Impact of Disaggregated Public Expenditure on Unemployment Rate of Selected African Countries: A Panel Dynamic Analysis Approach [PDAA]

    The study demonstrated the impact of disaggregated public expenditure on unemployment rate in selected African countries with panel data spanning from 2000 to 2017. The data were majorly sourced from the World Bank Indicator. The study employed Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) techniques for empirical analysis. The findings of two-step system GMM showed that expenditure on infrastructure and education reduce unemployment rate, while expenditure on defense and health increase unemployment rate in the region. The short-run elasticity estimate showed that infrastructure and education expenditures reduce unemployment rate by 9% and 1.83%. A unit rise in defense and health expenditure increase unemployment rate by 5.2% and 84.5%. The long-run elasticity of infrastructure and education expenditure reduce unemployment rate by 3.8% and 7.89 %, while the long-run defense and health expenditure elasticity’s increase unemployment rate by 22.22% and 364.58% in the selected African countries. The policy implication is that, the positive relationship between expenditure on health and unemployment could be attributed to mismanagement of government funds due to corruption, while that of defense and unemployment could be high rate of insecurity and crimes in the region. Therefore, the study recommended among others a drastic measure to further improve the education sector through adequate investment in education that will help in skills, development and training.

  • Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police

    Community policing is one of the strategies in the police where the traditional model of policing was transformed to involve people in the service delivery. This study examined the model of problem-solving policing, its various problems and preventive measures. It also investigated whether social problem-solving policing criteria is existing in community policing. The social survey method was deployed to collect data and information through fieldwork. Data were collected from the service receivers as well as service providers (Community Police) of Jalalabad Thana and Kotwali Thana under the Sylhet Metropolitan Police (SMP). To know the in-depth information about community policing, several case studies also conducted. The study revealed that Community Policing is working smoothly and solving various social problems (such as social disputes, drug addiction, child marriage, eve-teasing, and domestic violence). They are operating their activities more efficiently in the rural area. However, some displeasure among the service receivers still exists. Many people are not satisfied with the activities of the working committee, coordination committee as well as corrupt practices of community police officers. Thus, initiatives should be taken to deliver objective service to the people and surpass the associated problems.

  • Nitrogen Nutrition, Yield, and Quality of Cotton under Varying Nitrogen Application Timings and Planting Dates

    Nitrogen (N) management may need to be different for cotton planted at different dates. The objective of this research was to determine the optimal N application timing for cotton under different planting dates. A field trial was conducted on the University of Tennessee West Tennessee Research and Education Center at Jackson, TN in 2011 and 2012 in a split plot randomized complete block design with four replicates. Three cotton planting dates of early planting, standard planting, and late planting and four N application timings of pre-plant, at-planting, early side-dress, and late side-dress were assigned to the whole plots and subplots, respectively. Although the interactions of planting date by N application timing, year by N application timing, and year by planting date were significant on leaf N at early bloom and late bloom; cotton plants received adequate N nutrition for optimal yield under different N application timings and varying planting dates in both years. No significant difference in lint yield was observed among the four N application timings regardless of planting date in 2011 that was wet in the early season but dry in the late season. In 2012 that was dry in the early season but wet in the late season, however, lint yield was higher with late side-dress of N than pre-plant at standard planting; the yield did not differ among the four N application timings at early planting or late planting. Higher fiber micronaire but lower fiber strength was obtained under early planting and standard planting than late planting. In 2011, the length and uniformity of fiber were not affected by the planting date. In 2012, however, the length and uniformity of fiber were greater at late planting than early planting and standard planting. The fiber length and fiber uniformity were greater with late side-dress of N than…

  • The Role of Public Participation in Local Government Public Decision-making –taking Jiangmen Nuclear Fuel Project in Guangdong Province as an Example

    Public participation in public decision-making is of great significance for speeding up the transformation of government functions and embodying people’s ownership. Therefore, in the process of local decision-making, expanding public participation and attaching importance to the important value of public participation are of far-reaching significance to the formulation of local decision-making in China. For various reasons, the role of public participation in local government decision-making has not been well reflected. To achieve effective public participation in local government decision-making, we need to improve the quality of public political participation and cultivate good political participants; we need to improve the public participation mechanism in government public decision-making, expand the channels for public participation in decision-making; strengthen the guidance and supervision of the media, and purify the media environment for public participation in government decision-making.

  • Influence of Elements of Work Realities on HRD Mandate Capability in Banking Organisations in Nairobi County, Kenya

    Globally, business organizations recognize that engaging human resource management practices on an international standard is imperative. But realizing target performance from just scarce resources is a challenge to most organisations. Many organisations are continuously spending time trying to control and master change making them losers. With the current practice, HR has not been able to deliver on training line management in methods of achieving high employee production. This paper investigated the Influence of Elements of Work Realities on HRD Mandate Capability in Banking Organisations in Nairobi County, Kenya. The main objectives pursued included to establish the relationship between employer-employee champion and HRD mandate capability in Banking Organisations in Nairobi County, Kenya; to determine the association between continuous transformation agent and HRD mandate capability in Banking Organisations in Nairobi County, Kenya. A survey of banking institutions was used while a questionnaire and interview schedule and content analysis were used to gather primary data. The target population was 850 and a sample size of 272 was used. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) current version. The findings confirmed that there are problems facing human resource mandate delivery capability. It was concluded that all the two elements of work realities have significant influence on HR mandate delivery capability. It was therefore recommended that organisations need to consider factors such as employer-employee champion and continuous transformation agent elements which are capable of influencing HR mandate delivery capability. Human resource should therefore discontinue their non-value adding traditional practices to service delivery.