Traditional Agricultural Practices And Natural Resource Management: The Case Of Gumuz Community In Mandura District
The Gumuz is one of the groups of the people, who are living in Mandura district of the Metekkel administrative Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional state. This study aimed to assess and outline the traditional agricultural practices and natural resource management of the Gumuz community in Mandura district of the Metekel zone, Northwestern Ethiopia, in state of Benishangul-Gumuz region. Gumuz communities of the study area have their own agricultural practices and traditional resource management that distinct them from others. It attempted to high-light on the land tenure system, periodical agricultural activates and approaches of the natural resource management of the community. The paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the traditional agricultural practices and natural resource management of the Gumuz society.
Indigenous medicine is a total combination of knowledge and practices that can be formally explained or used in preventation and elimination of physical, mental or social imbalance and relying exclusively on practical experience and observation handed down from generation to generation whether verbally or in writing (Endalew,2007). Most of the populations of the developing countries use indigenous medicine to meet their primary health care needs. Indigenous medicine is known in many countries of Africa to meet some of their primary health care. In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses indigenous medicine. Ethiopia is one part of African countries in which indigenous medicine has long history before the beginning of modern medicine. In Ethiopia, indigenous medicine is highly practiced and many Ethiopian societies depend on the use of indigenous medicine and indigenous healing systems to deal with their health practices. It has been providing both preventative and curative services for Ethiopian peoples. Even today, as various studies have shown that about 90% of Ethiopian still depends on indigenous medicine. This indicate that the presence of two medical systems like indigenous and modern neither of them can adequately address the health care needs of the total population (Assefa,1986). But there is the reason why the majority of people still deep follow the services of indigenous medicine. It is because of accessibility of indigenous medicine compared to modern medicine and most of people have a limited chance of setting modern health care systems (Wondwossen, 2005). In Ethiopia, indigenous medicine is not limited to rural areas, rather also has numerous roles in urban areas of the country, eg. Addis Ababa. In Addis Ababa, there are many indigenous medicine services given by indigenous healers who are categorized into herbalists, Bone Setters, indigenous birth attendants, spiritual healers and magicians. Out of these, our focus…
Challenges Facing Teachers Implementing Continuous Assessment: The case of Tililli General and Preparatory School
The study investigated the challenges facing teachers’ implementing continuous assessment in the Tililli general and preparatory school with the emphasis on how these challenges influence effective teaching and learning and how a teacher deals with these challenges on a day to- day basis. For this study, a qualitative research method was selected. This method seeks to understand the diversified underlying challenges, understanding and experiences of the teacher in this study. In order to achieve this method, data collection instruments such as the questionnaire would be used to obtain reliable data, a pilot test and follow-up interviews were utilized. All teachers age, gender, name of subject and grade who teaches, teaching experience, professional qualification or whether they were permanent or temporary, local or foreign was included that participated in filled questionnaire and interview. All teachers recommended that the education should support teachers in implementing the continuous assessment by motivating them. The department should outsource trainers to train teachers.
Blasting flying stone is one of the six hazards in rock and soil blasting construction. In order to determine the risk level of blasting flying stone, 3 first-grade indexes such as blasting design and construction are selected, and 11 second-grade indexes such as warning range are not set, so as to establish the blasting flying stone safety evaluation model of AHP-GRA. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to calculate the weight of the evaluation index. The grey correlation method was used to determine the correlation degree between the blasting flying stone and the safety level of an airport. The risk level of an airport was calculated based on the weight of the evaluation index, and the engineering verification was carried out. The results show that there is no warning signal, no notice before detonation and the warning range is too small, which are the main factors of the flying stone accident. The model presented in this paper is used to evaluate the blasting flying stones in an airport, and the evaluation results are basically consistent with the reality. It can be seen that the evaluation model can scientifically and reasonably evaluate the risk level of blasting flying stones, which has important practical significance.
SYNGAP1 Mutation in absence Epilepsy with eyelid myoclonia: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar
Background: SYNGAP1, which encodes a RAS-GTPase-activating protein, is located on the short arm of chromosome 6.Mutations of the SYNGAP1 gene were first identified in 2009 in patients with nonsyndromic intellectual disability (ID) acquired microcephaly, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), followed in 2013 by recognition of their important role in the developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEEs). Developmental delay was identified soon after birth in the majority of patients and pre-ceded seizure onset in all. Development regressed or plateaued with seizure onset were observed. Language was severely impaired together with intellectual disabilities and some other features (1, 4).Most affected individuals have de novo mutations, with truncating mutations predominating, although missense mutations, chromosomal translocations, or microdeletions disrupting SYNGAP1 are also described. (1,5).
Acute cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar spinal stenosis caused by prolonged supine position during cardiac catheterization: a case report
Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a severe neurologic condition marked by progressive loss of function of the neurologic elements in the spinal canal below the termination of the spinal cord. This article reports an instructive case of CES with acute aggravation of neuropathy after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Patient concerns: A 63-year-old Japanese man underwent catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Because he complained of severe low back pain and numbness in the posterior of both lower limbs while in the supine position, he was given analgesia with pentazocine and sedated with propofol, and the procedure continued. He was then forced to maintain lumbar extension while in the supine position for 13 hours. After the treatment, he noticed urination disor-der, numbness, and paralysis of both lower limbs. Diagnosis: Neurological findings included sensory impairment and motor deficit of L5 and below, including bowel/bladder dysfunction. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed severe lumbar spinal stenosis at L4-L5. He was diagnosed with CES due to lumbar spinal stenosis. Interventions: The patient received emergency surgery for L4-L5 decompression. Decompression of the spinal canal was achieved 33 hours after the start of catheterization. Outcomes: The patient’s leg symptoms improved immediately after surgery, and he was able to walk with a walker. On postoperative day 6, the urinary catheter was removed. However, he experienced urinary retention and needed intermittent self-directed urination. Five months after surgery, he was able to urinate on his own, and completed the intermittent self-directed urination. Nine months after surgery, his muscle strength had recovered almost completely, and he was able to walk with a cane. However, bladder dysfunction such as frequent urination and residual urination remained 4 years after surgery. Lessons: If the supine position elicits low back pain and leg numbness, the presence of lumbar spinal stenosis should be considered. Forcing…
Deletion of 15q26.1 region with absence epilepsy respond to valproic acid: A Literature Overview and A Case Report from Qatar
Chromosomal abnormalities involving deletions and duplications are known to cause severe developmental disorders, including mental retardation, dysmorphism, and seizures, in children. As the technique of array-based comparative genomic hybridization is being applied more frequently in the diagnostic evaluation of children with developmental disorders; novel pathologic chromosomal abnormalities are being identified in relation to various type of epilepsies in childhood. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with a history of speech delay and communication disorder, mild dysmorphic features, and absence epilepsy with a de novo microdeletion 15q26.1. A much larger (5 Mb) but overlapping microdeletion has been previously reported in similar several cases with similar phenotype including intractable myoclonic and absence epilepsy, growth delay, and dysmorphic features. This leads us to propose that a potential candidate gene or genes within the deleted region involved in the pathogenesis of some forms of generalized intractable epilepsy, previously considered idiopathic should consider genetic study for childhood epilepsies especially if it was associated with underlying developmental delay in any particular aspect as speech delay in our case.
HIV can cause numerous health-related complications that can lead to disabilities and affect the quality of life. Some problems added with HIV, like peripheral neuropathy (PN), may develop additional impediments in this population. Purpose: This study investigated PN’s impact on the cardio-motor profile of Hispanic Latino living with HIV. Methods: A submaximal cardiovascular test (Ross test) was conducted to obtain the study’s cardiomotor results. Cardiomotor data were compiled from records of members enrolled at La Perla de Gran Precio Community Centre on HIV in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Results: The motor profile included the speed and inclination of the treadmill. The cardiovascular data had blood pressure and heart rate at the time Ross’s test was terminated. Two hundred and ninety-one participants were further designated as 225 in the non-PN and 66 in the PN group. Both groups average comparable amounts of CD4 counts. An ANOVA was used to determine variations in the PN group with a considerable (P < 0.05) increase in the time of HIV diagnosis and a reduction in gait velocity and treadmill inclination distinguished to counterpart. Conclusion: Hispanic Latino living with HIV and PN displayed distinctive motor gait deficiencies. Gait parameters, such as gait speed, were further impaired in those suffering from both conditions. We encourage healthcare providers to incorporate the specific cardio-motor items alluded to in this investigation to identify the process influencing gait that further alters the quality of life in those with HIV.
Regional integration offers participating countries advantages including the enlargement of the economic space, increased efficiency and the development of interregional trade. In the African regional communities, these assets are slow to emerge because of insufficient progress in the implementation of protocols, lack of economic diversification and various supply-side constraints. Moreover, Africa’s ability to participate fully in world trade is currently hampered by weaknesses in private investment inflows, commodity dependence, non-existent or poorly developed infrastructure, and small regional markets
This article analyzes social problems linked to child poverty in the United States from the perspective of social conflict theory. Specifically, this article depicts the poverty meas-urements used to evaluate poverty issues in the United States. It also describes the United States’ efforts to reform social welfare policies to decrease child poverty. This article aims to educate social work students about factors directly connected to child poverty, such as unemployment, low wages, family structure, education, and immigrants. In doing so, this article uses social theories such as social conflict theory to understand what aspects of American culture are linked to the persistence of child poverty. Finally, this article dis-cusses the long-term plans and massive efforts required to reduce the causes of poverty.