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  • SPIRITUALITY AND COMPREHENSIVE CARE: A CHALLENGE IN HEALTH

    Introduction. Spirituality transcends pain and human suffering, giving illness and death a meaning. Spiritual dimension integrates and unites physical, psychological and social aspects of the human being. Objective. Report of experience of group meetings conducted by a multi-professional team, which aim to offer spiritual and emotional support to moms, companions and family members of infants at newborn intensive care unit and kangaroo intermediate care unit. Methods. Conversation groups took place at the corridors of Kangaroo intermediate care unit using dynamics, musicality, reading/reflexion of biblical texts and praying. Results. From january to september of 2018 35 group talks were held addressing topics like: Peace, love, care, unity, friendship, trust, joy, gratitude, fear, faith, patience and persistence. The meetings were conducted by psychologists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapist, nutritionist, nurses and nursing technicians. Participated in average five professionals and seventeen moms and/or companion by meeting. Conclusion. Spiritual aspects embrace human universal needings guiding the subject’s choice. Spirituality is a well-being factor, comfort and hope which needs to be included in the humanization process of health care. In spite of being a challenge, it is understood as indispensable to approach, value, respect and to embrace the belief of families attended in order to integrate spirituality into the care process, since it can be configured as a coping strategy in moments of commotion, as is the case of an illness/hospitalization/death.

  • STUDENT’S EXPERIENCE AS A MEMBER IN AN INTENSIVE THERAPY LEAGUE: EXPERIENCE REPORT

    Introduction: In an Intensive Care Unit, the nursing team needs to be qualified and endowed with technical-scientific knowledge. Many assignments such as personal and material management; patient evaluation; team supervision; decision-making, leadership and continued education, are part of the routine of an intensive care nurse. Academic practice in the hospital environment happens in a reduced way, mainly because there is still a lot of fear and insecurity from the academics, as well as from the professional nurses in accompanying them. However, when the academic practice in this environment make itself available, the students have presented a significant technical-scientific evolution, collaborating decisively in the formation of the future professional nurse. An important and nice strategy for the student to enter specific sectors, such as the Intensive Care Unit, in order to internship, is the construction of Academic Leagues. Objective: To report the experience of nursing students in the Intensive Care Unit through the Academic League. Methods: This is a report of experience based on experiences during the extracurricular practice in the Intensive Care Unit provided by the Academic League of Intensive Therapy of Arapiraca. Results: Initially we realized that, although we have specific training, technical visits and laboratory practices with professionals in the field, the academic is often afraid of the critical environment, generating a feeling of impotence towards difficult patients. This often leads to thoughts about abandoning practical experience. However, with time, what is new becomes more familiar and the insecurities begin to stop being a part of the context, consequently, the construction of the professional future begins to exist. Conclusion: It is evident that the practices carried out during the shifts provided by the Academic League of Intensive Therapy, combined with the theoretical knowledge acquired at the University, provide a differentiated and more prepared student when it comes to…

  • LIGHT TECHNOLOGY IN A HIGH-COMPLEXITY HEALTH UNIT: A MULTIPROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

    Introduction. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is marked by the hard technology and dominated by the technical language, and can become a scenario of strong emotions, conflicts and feelings for the family, settling in a hostile environment. In this context, parents experience feelings of guilt, fear, anguish, and disability. In this perspective, it is necessary to think of care strategies that use light technology in health care in hospitals of high complexity. Objective. Provide a playful moment with the mothers of babies hospitalized in the Neonatal ICU. Methods. Report of experience of the celebration of the day of the children, on October 12, 2018, carried out by the multiprofessional team of the Maternity School Januário Cicco, in the auditorium of said institution.There were jokes, children’s dances and a karaoke. Popcorn was distributed as a souvenir in the shape of a slipper with jujube, made with disposable cup, in blue and pink, depending on the sex of the baby. This memory was made by residents of the Multiprofessional Residence in Neonatal Intensivism. Results. The activity counted on the participation of 15 mothers, 1 professional and 8 residents of said service, providing teaching-service integration. Through this activity it was possible to provide a moment of integration, communication, creativity and affectivity. Both mothers and residents were able to develop their communicative and bonding skills. Conclusion. The activity revealed the importance of including playfulness in the hospital as an instrument capable of modifying unpleasant situations arising from the prolonged hospitalization process, since it proposes to care in an integrated way. The entire process, in addition to benefiting children and residents, has made the local health service more humanized.

  • DAYS OF ACADEMICS OF A COURSE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, GOIÂNIA, GOIÁS, BRAZIL

    Introduction: Sleep is a psychobiological phenomenon that represents the moment that the body restores the processes performed by the body during the wake, influencing the well-being and the physical and mental health of the individual. Objective: In this sense, the objective of the study was to analyze the factors associated with daytime sleepiness in university students. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, analytical, quantitative analysis study conducted with students of the three shifts of the Physical Education course, UEG / Eseffego. Data were collected using a socio-demographic record and the Epworth Daytime Sleepiness Scale (EPWORTH, 1991). In this, adding the scoring of the scale has up to nine individual points without signs of sleepiness (SS), between 10 and 15 with signs of drowsiness (SDS) and from 16 points with excessive daytime sleepiness (SDE). Results: 305 students were evaluated, mean age 22.01 ± 4.64 years. In the evaluation of the socio-demographic profile, the majority of the sample consisted of men (52.1%), morning (56.4%), no work and / or paid internship (61.6%) and in the first two course (56.4%). When the drowsiness level was verified, 64.9% (198) presented BDS, 18.4% (52) SS and 16.5% (51) did not present BDS. SDE was higher among women (72.6% / p = 0.001), students in the last period (82.4% / p = 0.001) and morning shift (60.2% / p = 0.001). Considerations: This data is worrying since BDS can influence daily activities and, persisting, is a risk factor for the emergence of sleep disorders. In addition, this condition can interfere with the hormonal cycle and trigger more serious pathologies.

  • Study on Analysis of the Theoretical Abstraction of Economic Sociology and Embeddedness on Economic Action

    Economics believes that economic behavior in the pursuit of interests will not involve any social behavior or relationship. However, with the continuous development of society, personal economic behavior does not fully encourage and atomize, but a clock is in the process of changing social relations. From the perspective of economic sociology, starting from the perspective of embeddedness, expounding and explaining economic behavior, and proposing several theoretical abstract researches on “economic behavior”, in order to provide some guidance and help for relevant researcher.

  • THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME

    Introduction: Sotos syndrome or cerebral gigantism is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth in early childhood, being associated with the NSD1 gene, located on chromosome 5. The Individuals show as physical changes macrocephaly, neuropsychomotor retardation, stomatoglossognathic system alteration, delay in language acquisition and development, and cognitive deficit. Objectives: To report the importance of the approach of Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy, Physiotherapy and Psychology professional regarding intervention in a patient with Sotos syndrome. Local: Unit of Neuropsychomotor rehabilitation of the Specialized Center for Rehabilitation of a region of the Alagoas backwood. Methodology: Patient attended the aforementioned institution with medical diagnosis of Sotos Syndrome and with complaints of motor deficit, delay in acquisition, development and use of oral language, difficulty in oral control, and cognitive and behavioral changes. Initially, the basic script for multiprofessional institutional evaluation was applied, as a way to gather more information about the general complaint of the patient, made the anamneses and specific evaluations of occupational therapy, phonoaudiology physiotherapy and psychology, looking to promote the rescue of specific complaints. Was also performed the application of the UTP- Unique Therapeutic Project, seeking to list the CIF of the patient and the objectives to be drawn in the short, medium and long term. The multiprofessional rehabilitation regarding of this patient was performed from preselected play resources, where she also had guidelines regarding early stimulation. Results: After 1 year in the unit of neuropsychomotor rehabilitation, it was observed that there was significant improvement in all aspects evaluated. With regard physiotherapeutic rehabilitation and occupational therapy, the patient shows improvement in gait resulting from lower limb strengthening and balance development. Regarding the speech-language complaints, the patient improved communicative intention, social interaction, linguistic structuring and oral control. It also presented a linear change in the psychological patterns of cognitive and behavioral…

  • THE USE OF ELASTIC BANDAGE IN TREATMENT OF SPEECH THERAPY IN PATIENTS POST ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY

    Introduction: The orthognathic surgery is realized for the correction of maxillo-mandibular disproportions, providing improvement in aesthetics and setting a harmony between anatomical structures. As it is a readjustment of these structures, these patients may present a demand for speech therapists interventions, either in pre or post-operative with the objective of set a new functional pattern suitable to the new form. Objectives: To describe the experience regarding the effectiveness of patients post orthognathic surgery with the use of elastic bandage associated with speech therapy. Local: Specialized Center in Rehabilitation of the municipality of Maceió. Methods: A descriptive study of the experience in patients submitted to the orthognathic surgery. Interventions and lectures were realized in order to solve the doubts regarding speech therapy. The purpose of the action is to realize anamnesis, evaluation and speech-language intervention, focused on the area of orofacial motricity, in patients who entered the rehabilitation center and looked for phonoaudiological demand after orthognathic surgery. Results: Five patients who had realize orthognathic surgery to correct maxillo-mandibular disproportion were observed. Initially, a anamnesis speech-language pathology was realized, with the objective of knowing the clinical history and demand of each patient. Then, evaluations were carried out based on validated protocols, in order to analyze how was the structures and functions related to orofacial motricity, in order to draw up the therapeutic plan of these patients. Of the five patients initially mentioned, four presented a demand to apply for elastic bandage associated with the performance of speech therapy. The sessions were performed once a week, where orofacial myofunctional exercises were performed during therapy and finished with the application of elastic bandage. At the end of one year of observation, it was possible to verify that patients who used elastic bandage presented a faster rehabilitation process, when compared to those who did not,…

  • POSSIBLE ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS REPORTED BY PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH PHONOLOGICAL DISORDER

    Introduction: Most four-year-old children present a well-developed phonological system, thus producing speech sounds properly. However, this does not always occur and some children end up developing speech disorders that remain beyond this age, which is known as phonological disorder. This is partially characterized by the speaker’s difficulty in mentally representing the phonological rule and, consequently, inefficient production of sounds. It is worth noting that this change has no well-defined cause, therefore, its etiology is still quite unknown. Objective: To investigate the possible etiological factors of phonological disorders in children, according to what was reported by their parents. Methodology: This study was carried out on eight children who are in therapy for phonological disorder at the Centro Universitário de João Pessoa in October 2018. The data collection took place upon an interview with the parents, which was guided towards the probable cause of the phonological disorder. Regarding ethical considerations, this study is part of a larger project approved under the number 2.117.018. Results: Based on the quantitative analysis of the responses of the parents who participated in the study, 3 reported that they believed that the cause was linked to the genetic factor, 2 reported that the cause may be linked to overprotection, 2 linked to the emotional factors and 1 to lack of motivation. Conclusion: It is suggested that there might be more in-depth studies aimed at investigating and defining the etiological factors of phonological disorders.

  • PROFESSIONAL SENSITIZATION IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE THERAPY UNIT AS A HUMANIZATION STRATEGY IN THE CARE

    Introduction: Humanization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit depends on the encounter involving the caregiver and the care. Moments of awareness and reflection on the work process are fundamental in order to review the assistance. Objective: To promote the sensitization and reflection of the professionals regarding the humanized care of the newborn through simulated life activity. Method: The activity happens individually in four moments (stress management, appropriate / humanized management, kangaroo positioning and qualified listening), conducted by nursing, occupational therapists and psychology residents. At this moment all the professionals involved directly and indirectly in the care of the newborn of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a Maternity School take part. The action was developed weekly in the internal space of the sector itself during the period of July and August of 2018. Results: 72 professionals were involved in the sensitization activity, bringing feelings and emotions after the simulated experiences. As for the first moment of the intervention (stress management), the participants report anguish, fear and impotence. On the following moments, which relate to the appropriate / humanized handling and kangaroo positioning, their reports revolve around the reception, protection and care. In addition, after the intervention, a significant number of professionals refer to reflect on their daily practice. Conclusion: The simulated experience generated a change in attitudes in the practice of the NICU professionals regarding the care of the newborn in order to generate more comfort and well-being and thus provide a better growth, development and recovery of the baby, with reduced effects and sequelae caused by hospitalization. With this, it is indispensable to invest in the work process so that humanized action becomes more and more accomplished with quality, uniqueness and completeness, and above all with respect to life. However, even with the efforts made to humanize care in…

  • FAMILY AND DEAF: HOW DO YOU COMMUNICATE?

    INTRODUCTION: Human hearing is part of a very specialized system, only in humans this system allows the processing of acoustic events, such as speech (FRAZZA et al, 2000). Hearing loss occurs when there is some type of alteration in the structures that make up the auditory system and this loss can be of different degrees and types depending on the affected location (CORMEDI, 2012). In most cases of children who have been diagnosed with deafness, it is necessary to stimulate speech therapy because this is the beginning of the process to acquire language in these individuals, since communication between family members and deaf people often becomes difficult (BOSCOLO , SANTOS, 2005). OBJECTIVES: To analyze the conception of family members about how to communicate with the deaf, identifying the means they use to communicate. METHODOLOGY: This research is a descriptive, field study, with quantitative and qualitative nature. Data collection was of a systematic nature, using as a selection criterion 10 (ten) family members, determined by convenience, who attend the Educational Audiology sector of the Clinic School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at UNIPÊ-PB. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire with 7 (seven) objective and 1 (one) subjective questions. As a requirement for the start of data collection, the research project was forwarded for analysis and opinion of the Ethics Committee of the University Center of João Pessoa – UNIPÊ, fulfilling the requirements of resolution 466 \ 12 of the National Health Council (NHC). Only after the approval of the Ethics Committee, CAAE: 54711216.6.0000.5176, was the questionnaire applied. RESULTS: With the 10 interviewees, it was observed that 70% used oral language to communicate; 60% of the patients are not users of LIBRAS (Brazilian Sign Language), but they answered that it helps in the socialization of the deaf and presents no disadvantages;…