An Investigation of The Managerial Performances of Superiors and Organisational Commitments of Subordinates in School Systems
This study was conducted to reveal the interrelations between the managerial performances of the school principals as superiors, and organisational commitments and organisational citizenship behaviours of the subordinates as assistant principals and teachers with regards to selected presage variables. The participants were 636 persons including principals, assistant principals and teachers. Within a descriptive quantitative study, data was gathered by means of three quantitatively-oriented scales to determine the tendencies of the subordinates’ evaluations on the principals’ managerial performances. Variance analyses showed that school type, educational level, institutional status and occupational experience of the subordinates were considerably influential regarding the evaluations of the principals’ school-based management attainments. Moreover, only institutional status was found to be illuminative in explicating the evaluations on the managerial performances of the participatory school principals and subordinates’ (e.g., assistant principals) organisational commitment. Recommendations for further research are offered in the light of the outcomes of the current study, particularly, in the context of re-exploring the current issues with the assistant principals.
This study aims to analyze the relationship between the needs and general motivation of child convicts and family conditions of children. The results are used as a reference to determine the appropriate educational model towards moral life and character. The research sample of juvenile convicts who was assisted by the Bengkulu Special Class II Child Development Institution. The Edward Personal Preference Schedule (EEPS) test is used to determine the scale of the child’s needs related to the behavior they have done. Simple statistical analysis is used to analyze data. It is assumed that child convicts have a high potential or need to act criminally, because they have become convicts. The results of this study indicate that the aggressive potential of children is classified as moderate and low. Aggressive potential negatively correlates with Affiliate potential and Nurturance potential. They act criminal because of multi-factors.
Tremendous advantages of virtualization and cloud computing innovations have invigorated the Information and Communication Technology sector towards embracing cloud computing. Different ICT-empowered service providers additionally have either embraced cloud computing or began moving administrations to cloud framework. Be that as it may, the expanding interest for cloud based foundation has come about into extreme issue of managing the resources and load balancing for cloud specialist providers and customers. Specialists have recommended various different load balancing techniques for effective resource usage in cloud. An epic load balancing strategy speaking to migration of workload from over-loaded VM to daintily stacked VM in cloud computing condition is introduced in this paper. An endeavor is made to help the cloud partners to overcome the imbalanced resource usage issue is displayed in this paper.
Influence of home and school based factors on pupils academic performance at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Makadara sub-County, Nairobi County
The aim of primary education is to provide education at the basic level of all ongoing primary school pupils. This study was carried out to investigate influence of home and school based factors on pupil’s academic performers at Kenya certificate of primary education in Makadara sub-county, Nairobi County. The study adopted the ex-post facto design which involved the studies that investigate possible causes and effects by observing an existing condition and searching back in time for possible causal factors. It involved testing out possible antecedents of events that had happened and cannot be manipulated by the investigator. The study sampled 240 teachers, 39 Parents Association members and 150 pupils from class 6 and 7. The data collection instruments comprised of questionnaires and interview guide. Data collected was categorized, coded, analyzed then tabulated. The analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The analysis was both qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative analysis considered use of frequency counts and distribution, tabulation totals and calculation of percentages aimed at generating the data collected into meaningful groups and frequency tables for further analysis. Qualitative analysis involved the conclusions from the respondents’ opinions. The study established that most parents had a college educational level, majority of the teachers were female whereas majority of the students were males. It also established that parental level of income influenced pupils’ performance in KCPE at 60%s. Physical facilities and teaching and learning resources were also cited as factors that highly influence performances. The researcher recommended that the parents should provide a conducive learning environment at home to give the pupils ample time and space to study. Parents ought to strive to provide the basic required learning materials that are vital for a good performance in the KCPE exam irrespective of their level of income. The government should endeavor…
Assessment The Role Of Motivation On Technicians And Teaching Assistants Performance In College Of Medical Technology In Derna City, Libya
Background: Motivation is crucial for organizations to function; without motivation the organization would be less efficient. Objective: To assess the role of motivation on technicians and teaching assistants performance in College of Medical Technology in Derna, city. Methodology: A cross- sectional design was used to conduct the study. The target population of the study was technicians and teaching assistants working in College of Medical Technology. Data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed by percentage, mean, range, rank, frequency and standard deviation. Results: Among 39 study sample 11 were male and 28 were female. Most of them were within age group of 21- 30 years (87.18%). The study reveals that, “training” was ranked first as the most important motivational factor, followed by second rank was shared between “salary and job security”. Few of the study sample received incentives in form of financial incentive, clothing allowance, phone and petrol cards. And said the incentive has a positive impact on job performance. All participants said would do better job if they were motivated. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that motivational factors such as “training, salary, and job security” are major motivational factors, which can lead to better services delivery in the college as it brings positive results on the technicians and teaching assistant’s performance. The study also revealed that incentives available to technicians and teaching assistants in the college are inadequate.
A quasi experiment to implementing standard multimodal strategy to improve hand hygiene behavior in a healthcare facility in central Saudi Arabia
Hand hygiene (HH) compliance of healthcare workers (HCWs) remains suboptimal despite standard multimodal promotion, and evidence for the effectiveness of novel interventions is urgently needed. Aim: Improve HCWs’ HH compliance toward minimizing healthcare associated infection (HCAI) risk in Wadi Al Dawasir Hospital (WDH), central Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methodology: A quasi experimental approach was adopted to achieve study aim. The HCWs’ behavior of HH during the duration between 2015 and 2016 was evaluated before and after a HH educational plan based on the World Health Organization (WHO) “Multimodal HH Improvement Strategy” (MMHHIS). The HCWs’ compliance in response to HH indications represented by the WHO’s “My 5-Moments for HH” and the type of HH action taken, whether hand washing (HW) or hand-rubbing (HR) were analyzed. Results: The number of opportunities observed of HH performance accounted 230 in 2015 (pre-education), and 237 in 2016 (post-education). The HCWs’ HH compliance rate in the pre-education phase did not vary by the 5-moment indications [χ2(df 4) = 0.01, p=0.98]. Conversely, the compliance rate after HH education was higher than non-compliance across all 5-moment indication opportunities (ranged between 57.0% up –to 88.9%) [χ2(df 1) =18.25, p
Risk Factors of Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension in Block Hazratbal of District Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir- a Prospective Longitudinal Study
INTRODUCTION:The term Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) refers to a disorder of blood pressure that arises because of the state of pregnancy. PIH is defined as new onset hypertension with or without significant proteinuria emerging after 20 weeks of gestation, during labour, or in first 48 hours post-partum. Objectives:To find out the risk factors of PIH in block Hazratbal, Srinagar. METHODOLOGY:A Community based longitudinal study was conducted in Block Hazratbal (District Srinagar) for a period of 18 months. All the pregnant females attending the antenatal clinic at the subcenters and PHCs were included in the study and assessed for eligibility. The pregnant women enrolled in the study were examined again around 30 weeks, 37 weeks and once in postnatal period. The information was collected from the study subjects on the basis of pretested semi- structured questionnaire regarding age, educational status, income per capta, occupation, family history of PIH, history of (H/O) hypertension in any family member, H/O addiction, physical activity, gravidity, parity, time since last child birth, H/O PIH in previous pregnancy, height, weight, anemia, edema, gestational age at delivery, fetal gender mode of delivery. RESULTS: Incidence of PIH increased with increasing age and was much higher among those study subjects who had a history of PIH in the previous pregnancy, who had a family H/O PIH, who delivered twins, who had a H/O hypertension in any family member, who had edema at baseline examination and who delivered male babies. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Risk factors of PIH include increasing age, H/O PIH in past, family H/O PIH, family H/O hypertension, male gender of fetus, twin pregnancy and edema in early pregnancy. PIH is a major cause of perinatal mortality, preterm delivery, IUGR, and maternal morbidity and mortality. Awareness about PIH and its risk factors among females and health care workers must…
Community Based Assessment of Bed Bug Infestation Status in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia
Introduction: Bedbug infestations have become a serious problem in housing dueto their crawling and blood sucking activities. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the infestation status and public health importance of bed bug infestation in low income communities at household level. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted between January and February, 2018 on 721 housuholds in Arba Minch zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia with random sampling technique. Data collection was undertaken on knowledge and attitude about bed bug and bedbug infestation health impacts and factors for the infestation and control practices used were collected with well prepared questionnaire and standard observational check. Results: From all inspected materials, 97% infestation were on wall and sleeping and mosquito bed nets. The left materials relatively infested less were arm chair (2.76%) and other materials (0.89%) found in the house of the participants. About 31% and 15% participants reported bed bug infestation prohibited from using mosquito nets and cause thyphoid respectively. The left 55 % of participants reported the infestation causes wounds, itching, lossing rest and skin lesion. 98.1% of the participants have a knowledge about bed bug, blood sucking insects and 44% of respondents believed in insecticide nets increases the infestation. 72.5% household are using together hot water (42.28%) and ajjacks with water (30.2%) followed by 18.8% chemicals to control infestation. Omo soap, sun lights and plants were optional mechanisms of infestation controls. Conclusion: Bedbugs resurgences and its related factors are being considered as public health problem in Ethiopia. More researches focusing on bed bug biology and epidemiology are required establish a new prevention, treatment, control options and public health response.
Whey Protein Supplementation as a Strategy to Preserve Muscle Mass and Increase Protein Synthesis in the Elderly: a Review of Literature
INTRODUCTION: Aging often coincides with loss of muscle mass, strength and function, known as sarcopenia. Sarcopenia, a geriatric syndrome closely linked to physical frailty, has a substantial impact on the quality of life. Inadequate dietary intake, especially protein intake, has been associated with decreased lean body mass. Dietary protein affects muscle mass by the stimulation of muscle protein synthesis after absorption of amino acids into muscle cells AIMS: Verify the effectiveness of whey protein supplementation in increasing protein synthesis and muscle mass in elderly. METHODS: This is a systematic review conduced in the pubmed database, which sought clinical trials published between 2012 and 2016, with the combination of descriptors: Whey protein, muscle mass, protein synthesis, sarcopenia. RESULTS: We found 30 articles and after exclusion of non-relevant issues and duplicate articles were included 11 articles in this study. Of the selected material, 3 studies did not find positive effects with supplementation, this null response could have occurred because of dose and/or timing of supplementation, 1 study found the same effect with leucine supplementation and 7 studies found positive effects with whey protein supplementation for the protein synthesis and the increase of lean body mass in the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, we can conclude that supplementation of whey protein shows positive results for increased protein synthesis and muscle mass in the elderly. However, the results differ between the sexes, quantity and timing of consumption, which after the need of new studies for the best understanding of the subject. It seems that the elderly respond best to higher amounts of supplement and the periods more distant from the practice of resistive exercise. In addition, after reviewing the articles it appears that men present better results than women do. The results give us another option to maintain the independence and quality of the elderly.