Forensic Research and Reviews

  • Prevalence of child accidents

    Introduction: Data from the World Health Organization indicate that about 830,000 children die each year from external causes (violence and accidents). In Brazil, in 2012, there were 3,142 deaths of children aged 0-9 years due to external causes, which is considered a serious national public health problem. Objectives: To analyze the literature on the prevalence rates by type of accidents in children aged 5 to 10 years. Methodology: The research was carried out at the LILACS, Periodicals CAPES, PubMed and MEDLINE databases. The following terms were considered descriptors: “Prevalence”, “Accidents”, “Violence” and “Child.” Articles were published between September 1997 and 2017. Results: Of the 386 articles found, only six were included in the review. The prevalence rates were higher in accidents due to falls (54.2 to 22.7%), lower in cases of transport / transit accidents (51.9 to 14.2%) and extremely low in cases of burns (5.2% 1.5%) Conclusion: The literature on children’s accidents is still incipient due to the complexity and wideness of the phenomenon, as well as the need for further investigations on preventive strategies aimed at reducing the morbidity and mortality of children that result from these events.

  • To identify a prevalence of suicide attempt and treatment, clinical, sociodemographic and epidemiological profile of adolescents

    Introduction: It is estimated that for each suicide, there are 10 to 20 attempts that often leave a high sequelae rate in the health and physical incapacity of the individuals who cannot achieve it. Currently, there is a greater concern regarding some age groups, such as adolescence, the risk classification in about one third of the countries. Objectives: To identify a prevalence of suicide attempt and treatment, clinical, sociodemographic and epidemiological profile of adolescents involved in this picture. Methodology: A cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study about suicide attempt in adolescents from the metropolitan region of Recife and attended at an outpatient clinic specialized in Hebiatrics in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, between May 2016 and August 2017. Results and Discussion: 8% of the patients attempted suicide, these being more females. As motivation were reported: depression, bullying/stress, dissatisfaction with the body and parents’ anger were reported. The majority reported religious practice and was embedded in youth groups. Conclusion: Despite the restricted sampling, a prevalence of attempted suicide among adolescents was published in other countries. A family situation is still worrying if there are internal disorders. The insertion of the young person into daily activities is essential for the reduction of suicide attempts.

  • Psychosocial aspects in adolescents with suicide behavior

    Introduction: In spite of prevention efforts, the suicide act still presents as unexpected, usually associated with several risk factors, and very common in young populations. Objectives: To analyze the association of psychosocial factors with suicidal behavior in adolescents. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study developed between April and June 2017 with 84 students from the metropolitan area of Recife in Pernambuco. Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years were included. For data collection, three validated instruments were used. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee under protocol # 548,848. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The presence of suicidal ideas predominated in female (73%), ranging from 12 to 15 years (53.65). Cases of suicide attempt and presence of ideation were identified in 26.1%. There was a significant association between the psychosocial aspects studied and suicidal ideation, with emphasis on economic class (p = 0.017) and symptoms of common mental disorders (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the study still reveal the fragility of this age group for the occurrence of events related to suicide ideals and point to the need for planning preventive actions in this segment.

  • To describe the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis

    Introduction: The cases that involve this pathology promote discussions about diagnosis and treatment, generating numerous ways to treat this pathology. Objectives: To describe the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Methodology: The information contained in this article results from the combination of research on patients and treatments involving TMJ ankylosis as well as its applications. Results: It was verified that there is no common therapeutic procedure for all patients, so there are several forms of treatment. Conclusion: It is necessary to have a multi professional team that is directed and committed in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient, as well as a line of research that facilitates the diagnosis.

  • To evaluate the diameter of the placental blood vessels and its relation with the blood supply of the full term newborn

    Introduction: The placenta is a poorly studied human organ and one of the most important for the health of the woman and her fetus. The study of the placental phenotype opens the way to the identification of the cause of fetal death, being the progress of pregnancy dependent on the establishment and maintenance of an efficient uteroplacental vascular system. Objectives: To evaluate the diameter of the placental blood vessels and its relation with the blood supply of the full term newborn. Methodology: A total of 111 full-term placenta were analyzed from fragments collected in Recife-PE maternity hospitals. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software (version 8.0). Results: There was a significant difference (p