Research article of American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays
Market Chain Analysis of Koka Reservoir Fish in Ethiopia
Abebe Cheffo1 , Lemma Zemedu (PhD)2 and Endrias Geta (PhD)2
1 national Fishery and Other Aquatic Life Research Center P.O.Box 64 Sebeta
2 Haramaya University, Department of Agricultural Economics P.O.Box 138 Dire Dawa
This study analyzed the fish market chain of Koka reservoir in Ethiopia which is found in Oromia Region, East shoa and Arsi zones. The objectives of the study were to assess the structure, conduct and performance of fish marketing as well as identify factors affecting fish market supply. The study was based on the data obtained from a sample of 104 fishers and 36 traders in the fish market chain. Both descriptive and econometric methods were employed to analyze the data. About 65% Tilapia (Coroso), 21% Catfish (Ambanza) and 14% Carp (Abasamuel) were the type of fish which dominantly appear in the day to day marketing activities of the fishers. The major determinant factors of market supply were estimated by using multiple linear regression models. The fish market performance was also measured using indicators of marketing margins. According to the results, there were three kinds of fish marketing channels i.e fishers to consumers, fishers to retailers then consumers, fishers to fishery cooperatives, wholesalers then consumers. The result showed that transportation and filleting costs were the largest costs of marketing followed by gutting cost. The price of a kilogram of filleted tilapia varied from 18 birr at landing site to 75 birr at Atiklt Tera in Addis Ababa. The Ordinary Least Square results indicated that education level, availability of credit facility and ownership of fishing license significantly affected the amount of fish supplied to market by fishers in the study area. Expanding adult education in fishery community, facilitating access to credit facility and encouraging fishers to be legal is very important for better harvesting and marketing of fish.
Keywords: Tilapia, catfish, carp, marketing channels, marketing cost
How to cite this article:
Abebe Cheffo, Lemma Zemedu and Endrias Geta. Market Chain Analysis of Koka Reservoir Fish in Ethiopia. American Journal of Scientific Research and Essays, 2016,1:5. DOI:10.28933/cheffo-ajsre-2016
1. Ahmed Naser-Alla, Graeme Macfadyen, Malcom Dickson and Diaa Al-Kenawy, 2012. Value Chain Analysis of the Egyptian Aquaculture sector. IIFET 2012 Tanzania proceedings.P11.
2. Audun Lem, Uwe Tietze,Erhard Ruckes and Raymon van Anrooy, 2010.Fish marketing and credit in Viet Nam. FAO technical paper.p53.
3. Belay Kassa, 2010. Agricultural Research in the Ethiopian Institution of Higher Education: Current statues and Challenges: Proceedings of the first national stakeholders’ conference dedicated to pastoral and emerging region, Addis Ababa, p131.
4. Bernard Marchal and M. Maes, 2003. Review of small water bodies and rivers in Eastern and southern African. Pp35-37.
5. Cramer,G.L.and W.Jensen ,1982. Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, second edition. McGraw Hill Book Company, USA.p222.
6. Dawit Gebregziabher, 2010. Market chain analysis of poultry: the case of Alamata and Atsbi- Wonberta woredas of Tigray region.A M.Sc. Thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Haramaya University, Ethiopia. P52.
7. Edilegnaw Wale, 2000. The Challenges in the Search for Efficient and Sustainable Rural Credit Institutions and Their Policy Implications in Ethiopia. PP 93-124. Proceedings of the fourth Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society of Ethiopia on Institutions for Rural Development. 23-24 November1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
8. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations), 2003a. Fishery Country Profile. (also available at http://www.fao.org/fi/fcp/en/ETH/body.htm)
9. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations), 2008. Annual report, Rome Italy.
10. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of united nations), 2010a.The state of world fishery and Aquaculture 2010. Rome.p197 www.fao.org/docrep/013/il1820e/il820e00.htm).
11. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations, 2010b. World Aquaculture Technical paper 500/1 Pp45-46, Rome Italy.
12. Gashaw Tesfaye, 2006. Population Dynamics and stock Assessment of Nile Tilapia (Koka, Ziway and Langano), Ethiopia, Msc thesis, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, University of Bremen, Germany.
13. Guajarati Domodar, 2004. Basic of Econometrics, Fourth-ed. McGraw hill Company, in. United States Military Academy, West point.
14. Karugain N, 1990. Market chain analysis of pig in Central Peru, p23.
15. Letson Yoyola Phiri, Joseph Dzanja and Mafanizo Hara ,2012. Value Chain Analysis of Lake Malawi Fish: A Case Study of Oreochromis spp. 17P.
16. Mendoza and Mark Rosegant, 1995. Pricing conduct of spatially differentiated markets. Prices, products, and people. International Potato Center, Lima, Peru. Pp 343-356.
17. Pomeroy, R.S., 1989. The economics of production and marketing in small-scale fishery: Matalom, Leyte, Philippines. ICLARM. Poor Livestock Policy Initiative Working Paper 10, Rome: FAO Publishing Co.Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi. 370p.
18. Rab, M. A., Hap. N., Ahmed, M., Keang, S. and Viner, K., 2006. Socioeconomics and values of resources in Great Lake-Tonle Sap and Mekong-Bassac area: Results from a sample survey in Kampong Chhnang, Siem Reap and Kandal provinces. Phnom Penh, Cambodia.PP24-28.
19. Raja Behara, 2005. Value Chain Analysis of Fishery in Puri and Ganjam District of Orissa. India. Pp40-42.
20. Soobasch Sweenarain, 2009. Implementation of a Regional Fisheries Strategy for the Eastern- Southern Africa and India Ocean Region. P12.