GJR (2019), Vol. 1, Issue 01

Conflict Theories

Review Article of Global Journal of Religions Conflict Theories Kebede Lemu Bekelcha Department of Social Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Bule Hora University There are many conflict theories. Each of them has its own perspective that shapes the theme of its respective disciplinary approach. Despite their significant differences in treating conflicts, they may share common concerns, interests and focus on similar points that could attract their attentions. Theories of conflict are the explanations put forward to explain causes of conflict. The causes of conflict are numerous and complex, thus creating problem of analysis of specific conflict situations. The theories are advanced to simplify the causes by looking at them in categories. Hence, this term paper entitled “Conflict theories” encompasses conflict theories like Structural Conflict Theory, Realist Theory, Biological Theory, Physiological Theory, Economic Theory, Psycho-Cultural Conflict Theory, Human Needs Theory, Relational Theory, Systemic Theory, Marxist Theory of conflict, International Capitalism Theory of conflict, Game Theory. All these above mentioned theories are elucidated accordingly with their basic ideas. Keywords: Conflict Theories ...

Gender and Conflict: How are Men and Women Differently Affected by Conflict?

Review Article of Global Journal of Religions Gender and Conflict: How are Men and Women Differently Affected by Conflict? Aregash Eticha Sefera Department of Social Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Bule Hora University This term paper entitled “Gender and Conflict responds to the need for deeper understanding of how gender and conflict interrelate. It incorporates the role of gender in conflict resolution, participation of women and conflict management policies, the basic assumption of feminist conflict resolution theory, impacts of conflict on gender and how gender is important in society Conflicts have different impacts on men and women, and on gender relations, like gender based violence, sexual harassment and so on. Conflict may also bring changes to women’s economic roles and changes in the sexual division of labour. Conflict impacts on the distribution of power and its gender dimensions in many different ways. Women are rarely in a position to make direct decisions about the waging of conflict. However, in some cases, power structures may be broken up and decentralized and there may be opportunities for women to gain access to decision-making bodies, at least at a local level. Or women who have access to power may, like their male counterparts, be able to wield it more forcefully. Generally, this paper addressed the ways in which conflict affects men and women differently and their relative positions prior to conflict. Keywords: Gender, Conflict ...

The Role of Customary Conflict Resolution Mechanisms Among the Oromo: In Case of Dawo District of South West Shewa Zone

Research Article of Global Journal of Religions The Role of Customary Conflict Resolution Mechanisms Among the Oromo: In Case of Dawo District of South West Shewa Zone Kebede Lemu Bekelcha1, Aregash Eticha Sefera2 1 Lecturer at Bule Hora University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Social Anthropology Department, Bule Hora, Ethiopia. 2 Lecturer at Bule Hora University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Department of Social Anthropology, Bule Hora, Ethiopia. This study deals with the role of customary conflict resolution mechanisms in Oromia region with particular emphasis on Dawo district of south west shewa zone. Hence, the (i) purpose of this study was to examine and explore the significance of customary conflict resolution mechanisms in anthropological perspectives in the study area. The (ii) intent of the study was to identify the types of customary conflict resolution mechanisms and cause of conflict in Dawo district. The (iii) purpose of the study was to describe the structure and procedure as well as advantage and disadvantages of customary conflict resolution mechanisms. Finally, the purpose of this study was to provide information to understanding about the study area. To achieve this objective, both primary and secondary data was used. This study applied qualitative data. The data used in this study were generated from one- one interview, focus group discussion, case study and document analysis. In anthropological studies, analysis is an instrument to extract meanings from the information obtained during the field work. In such a manner, data were presented in a qualitative type. By using this methods, the study revealed that conflict in this research area emanate from land issues, theft and competition over resources. Keywords: Conflict, Customary, Dawo, Conflict resolution ...

WHY THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

Review Article of Global Journal of Religions WHY THE CATHOLIC CHURCH Samuel A. Nigro, MD, Retired psychiatrist THE MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHURCH THAT HAS PROVIDED BENEFITS TO BILLIONS OF PEOPLE FOR OVER 2000 YEARS: (READ AT LEAST THE SHORT ONES, but all are facts.) 1. Love, joy, serenity, guidance, comfort, education, health, logic and how to think and obtain Eternity---there IS more than this earthly craziness. There is comforting projection into more and more based on the Body of Christ--all with the startling facts of a Virgin Birth, a God-Man preaching love, His Crucifixion, and His Resurrection--God found that nothing else could convince free humans to believe and understand. 2. The first prohibition of slavery by Pope St. Gregory I in sixth century. 3. First organized medical and health care--first hospital beginning in 4th Century with Basil of Caesarea in what is Turkey today and expanded with support agencies wherever needed and able to do so. 4. Started the first colleges & universities and in West with University of Cordoba in eighth century and in 1088 with University of Bologna. 5. Created contemporary science by Parisian Bishop Nicole Oresme and philosopher friend Jean Buriden. 6. “Illegal (not-separated)” Church benefits to the state continue in America (and in every country): In 2010, in the U.S., there were 2.6 million children in 6980 catholic schools saving public schools approximately $18 billion dollars. This does not include 230 colleges and universities. The Catholic Church also provided 625 hospitals – one of five hospital beds in the US are in the Catholic hospital system serving over 35 million admitted patients annually and over 98 million patients in out-patient care. The cost to operated Catholic hospitals is about $100 billion dollars yearly of which 10%+ is unreimbursed donation by the Church.... Keywords: CATHOLIC CHURCH ...

HEALTH FOR MUDRA THERAPY

Review Article of Global Journal of Religions HEALTH FOR MUDRA THERAPY Dr Balaji Deekshitulu P V Homeopathy Physician and Counseling Psychologist, Sri Balaji Homeopathy & Counseling Center, Tirupati, A.P, India.cell:8885391722 / 7207255557. The purpose of this study was A Mudrâ (Sanskrit: lit. “Seal”) is a symbolic or ritual gesture in Hinduism and Buddhism. While some Mudrâs involve the entire body, most are performed with the hands and fingers. Mudrâ (Sanskrit) is “spiritual gesture” and energetic “seal of authenticity” The different types of Yoga Mudra aid in person achieve better health and mental condition through proper and regular practice. Keywords: Mudrâ, yoga, ritual gestures, seal ...