Global Journal of Arts and Humanities

Speech Therapy and Facilitating Strategies Used by Teachers I the Development of Reading and Writing of the Deaf

Research Article of Global Journal of Arts and Humanities Speech Therapy and Facilitating Strategies Used by Teachers I the Development of Reading and Writing of the Deaf Silva I.C.F1, Veras A.R.A.L2, Porto C.R3, Camilo F.S1, Cordeiro L.G.F4, Neves M.I.S4 1Fonoaudióloga Graduada pelo UNIPÊ - Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-PB; 2Fonoaudióloga, Mestre e Docente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia da Faculdade São Miguel – PE; 3Fonoaudióloga Pediátrica Clínica e Educacional; 4Discente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do UNIPÊ - Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-PB. Introduction: A deaf child may develop pedagogically at regular school levels, but facing difficulties by entering into the exclusive environment of listeners. In this context, facilitating methods can be used for secondary education and understanding of the deaf student. But an insight into teachers’ knowledge of methodologies is unknown. Objective: To explore how the teachers’ strategy for the teaching of reading and writing of the deaf. Methodology: It was a descriptive research with quantitative approach, carried out in a public school in the city of Joao Pessoa-PB. We interviewed ten (n = 10) teachers whose has in their student body some deaf student. The data were collected through the application of a structured questionnaire with six (n = 6) objective questions about teacher training and methods used in the classroom with deaf students. The data analysis was performed on the basis of Microsoft Word 13 program. Results and Discussion: It was observed that only 10% (n = 1) of teachers had academic education directed to the deaf student, most of the participants teachers have struggles with the relationship with the deaf student in the classroom, and despite the delay, more than 50% of them do not use any facilitative method. Conclusion: In light of the above, one can perceive a lack of knowledge of techniques and difficulties of relationship between ...

Melodic Intonation Therapy With Music Support in Patients With Aphasia of Expression

Review Article of Global Journal of Arts and Humanities Melodic Intonation Therapy With Music Support in Patients With Aphasia of Expression Frexeira M1, Veras A.R.A.L2, Porto C.R3, Venâncio D.T. P4, Cordeiro L.G.F.C4, Silva L.G4 1Speech Therapist; 2Speech Therapist, Master, Phonoaudiology Faculdade São Miguel –PE; 3Students of the Speech-Language Pathology Centro Universitário de João Pessoa- UNIPÊ. Introduction: Aphasia is an acquired disorder of language processing due to brain damage, which can compromise expressive and receptive aspects. Music therapy can contribute both to the rehabilitation of the aphasic subjects’ linguistic abilities, facilitating verbal and non-verbal communication and strengthening neuropsychological functions, as well as modulation of emotions, improving mood and quality of life. Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a rehabilitation technique that proposes to develop verbal fluency and prosody by means of steps, in which sentences and prayers are used to produce the patient. Objective: Verify in the specialized literature the application and the efficacy of MIT with the support of music in patients with Expressive Aphasias, through selected articles. Methods: It was carried out an extensive research and articles published between 2011 and 2017, indexed in the data bases SCIELO, MEDLINE and LILACS, were selected. The following keywords were selected in portuguese: music, aphasia and expressive language. Results and Discussion: The MIT uses the supra-segmental aspects of speech, that is, of prosodic elements. In cases of expressive aphasia a function of the chant is preserved, because it activates the right cerebral hemisphere, which is the opposite side to an injury present in aphasic individuals. Thus, we verified that MIT adapted with the support of music, offer significant results in patients with aphasia of expression: improve in speech fluency, reduction of anomies, improvement in syntax of speech and dyspraxia of speech, and improvement of attention functions, memory of work, episodic-semantic verbal memory (recognition), prospective ...

Evaluate the benefits of cinema in spaces of health

Research Article of Global Journal of Arts and Humanities Evaluate the benefits of cinema in spaces of health Monteiro, I.F1; Araújo, N.G2; Santos, R.P3; Santos, K.M.J.S4; Maia, L.C5. 1,2,3,4Estudante do Curso de Odontologia – UFPE; 5Professora do Departamento de Patologia na UFPE. Introduction:The hospital cinema consists of bringing patients, caregivers and health professionals to a new environment bringing about a modification of the reality they are facing. Cine Clube +, linked to the MAIS Program (Manifestation of Integrated Art to Health), aims to promote humanization thus improving the quality of life of those who attend. Objectives: use of the cinema as a complementary form in the treatment of diseases, health promotion, humanization and sensitization of the community of the Hospital das Clínicas of UFPE and gather areas of knowledge by approaching centers, departments and disciplines to jointly evaluate the benefits of cinema in spaces of health. Methodology: Are displayed weekly short films by students of the courses in the areas of health, human and exact of UFPE, responsible for: selection, organization, transportation of the material and development of sessions. sessions have duration of about an hour being directed to the whole community hospital and taken to several wards of HC-UFPE. Apply questionnaires pre and post intervention, in order to quantify results about the project and well being of spectators. Results and discussion: With a presence of 5 to 10 people on average at each session it is observed that the patients leave a troubled emotional state to a state of relaxation, joy, tranquility. Idleness gives way to laughter and distraction facilitating the release of hormones that will aid in the healing process. This relationship has achieved positive results, since it allows the withdrawal of patients from their routines and integrates the varied possibilities offered by the cinema, making them see and ...

To intervene directly in the construction of quality of life and progressive improvement of the disease

Research Article of Global Journal of Arts and Humanities Main Differences Between Diabetes Mellitus Types 1 and 2 in Relation to Genetic Factors Cavalcanti, H.G.O¹, Mendez, L.G.C², Campelo, P.B³ ¹Acadêmica do Curso de Enfermagem–UPE; ²Acadêmica do Curso de Enfermagem–UPE; ³Docente da disciplina de Arteterapia - UPE Introduction: Art therapy is a therapeutic modality based on the different psychological approaches that aims to treat human suffering using artistic activities, bringing with it the importance of therapeutic treatment that can be expressed in several ways such as: painting; drawing; collages; capoeira; body language; music; creation of characters without concern for aesthetics, among others. There is efficacy for complex social and health problems. Objectives: To intervene directly in the construction of quality of life and progressive improvement of the disease. Methodology: It is a descriptive study of the type of experience report, carried out a therapeutic intervention through a graphite and dramatization. The art was experienced in the art therapy discipline from August to November of 2016, with the theme on Stress and Depression, which reported through the hair of the doll Nega Maluca the reasons that cause during the day-to-day in the university. Being presented to the academics and professors of the health courses of the University of Pernambuco in the Campus Santo Amaro within the elective discipline. Results and Discussion: The presentation was made by a group, composed of nursing academics from the same faculty of different modules, using the scenic arts technique to approach the themes through an exhibition of the art model, an explanation of its meaning, a staging and, finally, graphing at the authorized location. Conclusion: Artistic activity as an instrument of mediation for the general public through graffiti and dramatization was of great importance, since it is an artistic expression with embellishment and reflective way. With the intention ...

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Global Journal of Arts and Humanities