Global Journal of Marine Engineering and Sciences


ON EVALUATING THE EFFECT OF SOIL TREATMENT AND FERTILIZER ON THE CULTIVATION OF GRAIN CROPS

Research Article of Global Journal of Marine Engineering and Sciences ON EVALUATING THE EFFECT OF SOIL TREATMENT AND FERTILIZER ON THE CULTIVATION OF GRAIN CROPS ZH Aliyev Institute of Erosion and Irrigation of ANAS The article gives the results of studies of the effect of soil and fertilizer treatment on the productivity of winter wheat in the Ganja-Gazakh zone of Azerbaijan. The positive effect of fertilizers on plants of winter wheat is manifested only in well-cultivated soils with a reaction of the environment close to neutral. At the same time it is proved that between the intensity of the application of mineral fertilizers and the productivity of grain crops around the world, a close direct dependence is established. Consequently, the highest yield of grain here was obtained in the variant of dung 10t / ha + N90P90K60 57.1 c / ha, an increase of 24.3 c / ha or 74.1%, where the yield increase by 40-50% is due to the application of fertilizers Keywords: winter wheat, soil treatment, traditional, minimal, manure, mineral fertilizers, yield ...

CREATION OF AUTOMATED LOW-INTENSITY IRRIGATION SYSTEMS CONTROLLED THROUGH AN INTERNET CHANNEL

Review Article of Global Journal of Marine Engineering and Sciences CREATION OF AUTOMATED LOW-INTENSITY IRRIGATION SYSTEMS CONTROLLED THROUGH AN INTERNET CHANNEL Z.H Aliyev Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS With the correct process management, low-intensity irrigation allows not only to drastically reduce water consumption for irrigation of agricultural crops, but also to provide the necessary microclimate for plants and the supply of water and fertilizers in the required amount directly to the root zone of plants, which contributes to the earlier entry of plants into the season fruiting and increased productivity while reducing water per unit of crop and reducing production costs. For this, we have developed a perfect safe technological system of automated irrigation based on IDAD with automated control of the controlled potential moisture supply of the plant, an optimized irrigation regime taking into account the controlled soil and agroclimatic parameters that affect the growth and development of the plant phase, while maintaining the ecological environment that contributes to obtaining a guaranteed and high-quality yield per unit area meeting the requirement of mi ovyh standards. The system of low-intensity irrigation created by the results of the study compared to traditional surface irrigation methods is more technologically demanding and in the remote areas from settlements it is difficult to provide qualified service; to ensure their possible efficiency, they require complex automation of the irrigation technological process. Keywords: low-intensity, automation, irrigation technique, regulatory, reference, data bank, controller, communications, object, sensors, etc ...

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Global Journal of Marine Engineering and Sciences

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