Global Journal of Men’s Health

Cardiometabolic risk in elderly patients infected with HIV since 1990

Review article of Global Journal of Men’s Health Cardiometabolic risk in elderly patients infected with HIV since 1990 Vasconcelos R.P¹, Moraes S.R.T², Andrade R.M3, Konze V.S4, Ramos R.C.F5 1,2,3,4Estudantes do Curso de Medicina – Unicap; 5Docente/Pesquisador do Curso de Medicina – UNICAP; Introduction: One of the increases in life expectancy in HIV seropositive elderly is attributed to the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART), but it may present metabolic alterations along with the aging of the HIV seropositive population, which increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Associated with this, the biological aging imposed by the virus and the inadequate urban feeding routine can evolve to a more rapid and deteriorated senescence. Objectives: To identify cardiometabolic risks in elderly HIV seropositive patients and to seek measures that promote an improvement in health as a whole. Methods: We analyzed 10 articles in the scientific data base PubMed “fulltext” with the age group from 65 years, both sexes, from 01/01/1990 to 09/22/2017. Results and Discussion: 55.7% of comorbidities were observed in HIV seropositive patients with cardiovascular diseases, the most prevalent was Diabetes. The relevant cardiometabolic risks were increased systolic (21%), diastolic (10%), LDL (31-49%) and Framingham risk score. White males were more prevalent and the median age was 60 years. In the analyzed studies, diabetes was the most frequently mentioned, although HIV infection is not a risk factor for it, since there is a higher incidence among those who are not infected. It has been shown that dyslipidemia and insulin resistance are probably due to antiretroviral treatment, which, associated with LDL, can cause coronary diseases more frequently. Nevertheless, an unbalanced diet aggravates cardiometabolic risks. Conclusion: Among the main cardiometabolic risks associated with HIV infection is the increase in blood pressure and LDL. Treatments should be effective for HIV, with full adherence to ART medications. To ...

Demographic aspects of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS in brazil: a literature review

Review article of Global Journal of Men’s Health Demographic aspects of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS in brazil: a literature review Santos R.M.S1, Feitosa A.L.F2, Melo A.M.S3, Oliveira E.C.T4 1Student of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course – UNCISAL 2,3Students of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences Course – UNCISAL; 4Assistant Professor of UNCISAL Introduction: Population aging is a fast-paced world phenomenon that causes profound consequences for societies. Sexuality is part of the life of any individual at any age, but, when related to the elderly population, it is surrounded by myths and beliefs. Active sexual activity brings benefits to maintaining their quality of life, but also makes them vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases. Objective: To determine the demographic profile of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil, based on a bibliographical survey. Methodology: This is a research of type bibliographic review carried out in the SciELO database. Were considered as inclusion criteria: complete scientific articles, in the Portuguese language, published in the period from 2011 to 2015, that presented in the title some of the descriptors: elderly, sexuality, Aids, and in their results they approached demographic data (sex, age, skin color, years of study, and marital status) of the participants. Results and Discussion: A total of 178 articles were found, of which 10 were selected for review, since the others did not present detailed demographic data of the participants, were duplicates and did not fit the other inclusion criteria. It was observed that the demographic profile of the elderly infected with HIV/AIDS in Brazil is predominantly male, aged 60 years and over, white in color and less than 8 years of schooling. There was no difference in marital status. Conclusion: It is observed that HIV/AIDS infection do not present age among the elderly and no specific civil status and there is ...

The gender independent breast cancer mans health

Review article of Global Journal of Men’s Health The gender independent breast cancer - man's health Bernardino, l.C.O¹; Silva, J.F.S¹; Silva, V.M¹; Araújo, R.O.M2 ¹Student of the Biomedicine Course, UNINASSAU Faculty Caruaru;²Teacher of the Biomedicine Course,Faculty UNINASSAU – Caruaru Introduction: Mamamasculin cancer is rare, affecting about 1% of cases, resulting from these also have breast tissue. Since breast cancer has a higher incidence in women, the development of this disease is unnoticed in men. This leads to a delayed diagnosis that results in the discovery of advanced or late stage male breast cancer. The conscientization of men to seek the mastologist as the perception of some change is essential, in order to abolish prejudice and male resistance. Objective: Describe health education strategies and disseminate knowledge of the topic addressed. Methodology: Narrative bibliographic review, using electronic databases: Scientific and Technical Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) and Virtual Health Library (VHL) .Through the following keywords found in the Descriptors in Sciences (DeCS): breast cancer, male breast cancer. The original articles published in the last eight years were evaluated. Results and Discussion: Male breast cancer affects men from 60 to 70 years old, being rare before the age of 30. In Brazil, the southern states of the country, especially Rio Grande do Sul, this disease occurs in higher incidence. The male mammary gland, usually atrophied, with low production of female hormones, resembles females when cancer is present, such as: appearance of nodules in the region of the breasts and below the armpits, as well as secretion in the nipples. The etiology is unknown, being associated with genetic factors, environmental factors, hormonal factors and others. Understanding of the disease and self-care and self-examination awareness are instruments that have avoided mastectomy. Conclusion: Consult a mastologist immediately when presenting ...

Safe sexual practice in people living with HIV/AIDS

Research article of Global Journal of Men’s Health Safe sexual practice in people living with HIV/AIDS Ferreira F. M. S 1; Cabral J. R 2; Souza T. R. R 3; Moraes D. C A 4; Filho D. M. B 5; Oliveira R. C 6. 1 Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco –UPE, Recife-PE-Brasil; 2,3 Enfermeira. Mestranda em Enfermagem pelo Programa Associado de Pós-graduação UPE/UEPB, Recife-PE, Brasil. 4 Enfermeira. Doutoranda em Enfermagem pelo Programa Associado de Pós-graduação UPE/UEPB, Recife-PE, Brasil. 5 Médico. Pós-doutorado na London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine/University of London. Professor adjunto da Universidade de Pernambuco. Coordenador do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde da Universidade de Pernambuco. Recife-PE, Brasil. 6 Enfermeira. Pós-Doutorado pela Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto. Professora adjunta da Universidade de Pernambuco. Vice-coordenadora do Programa Associado de Pós-graduação UPE/UEPB. Recife-PE, Brasil. Introduction:The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Brazil was modified with access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention actions, reducing morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV / AIDS (PLHA). The promotion of safe sex practices is an effective method of controlling HIV transmission and superinfection. Objective: To evaluate the use of condoms in sexual practices in PLWHA. Objective: To evaluate the use of condoms in sexual practices in PLWHA. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach developed in the city of Recife, Brazil, in 2016, with 184 users of a Specialized Assistance Service (SAE). The study obeyed Resolution No. 466/2012 of the National Health Council, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Hospital Complex of the University of Pernambuco under CAEE: 17510113.8.0000.5192. Results / Discussion: There was a predominance of males (58.2%, n = 107). The age range ranged from 18 to 70 years, with a prevalence of 40 to 60 years expressed ...

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Global Journal of Men's Health