Research article of International Journal of Aesthetic Medicine and Health
ACUTE EFFECTS OF STRENGTH TRAINING WITH DIFFERENT INTENSITIES ON INFLAMMATORY MARKERS OF GRADE III OBESE WOMEN
Bárbara Amaral Bruno Silva1, Paulo Roberto Cavalcanti Carvalho2 Cristiane Moutinho Lagos de Melo4, Diego José Lira Torres3, José Cristiano Faustino1, Luís Felipe Almeida Diniz1, Thaurus Vinícius de Oliveira Cavalcanti1, Virgínia Maria Barros de Lorena3
Laboratório Avançado de Educação Física e Saúde – Hospital das Clínicas de Pernambuco1; 2Departamento de Educação Física – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; 3Departamento de Imunologia – Instituto Aggeu Magalhães, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; 4Departamento de Antibióticos – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.
Objective: To compare the acute effects of a high-intensity (AI) resistance training protocol with a moderate-intensity (MI) resistance training protocol on inflammatory markers in grade III obese women.
Methods: This is a crossover controlled clinical trial carried out with 9 obese grade III women (BMI=48.29±5.06 kg/m²; age=35.22±10.93 years), where blood samples were collected in the pre, 15 minutes and 24 hours after two different training protocols, high and moderate intensity, being analyzed the plasma concentrations of the cytokines IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN- γ. For data analysis, the Friedman and Mann-Whitney tests were used. Participants performed the AI protocol and one week later the MI protocol. The training consisted of 4 exercises with the total volume equalized, with intensities 75 and 85% of 1RM for the MI and AI protocols, respectively.
Results: There were no significant differences between the three temporal measures in the AI group [IL-02 (p=0.459); IL-04 (p=0.368); IL-06 (p=0.368); IL-10 (p=0.895); TNF-α (p=0.895) and IFN-γ (p=0.895)] or MI [IL-02 (p=0.459); IL-04 (p=0.368); IL-06 (p=0.459); IL-10 (p=0.368); TNF-α (p=0.641) and IFN-γ (p=0.121)]. In the analysis between groups, the IL-04 value was significantly higher in the AI group at the PRE moment (p=0.008), with no other significant difference for any of the variables and moments analyzed.
Conclusion: Moderate and high intensity strength training protocols did not cause acute changes in the inflammatory profile of grade III obese women, and can be applied to this audience without harming low-grade chronic inflammation.
Keywords: grade III obesity. inflammation. cytokines. strength training.
How to cite this article:
Bárbara Amaral Bruno Silva1, Paulo Roberto Cavalcanti Carvalho2 Cristiane Moutinho Lagos de Melo4, Diego José Lira Torres3, José Cristiano Faustino1, Luís Felipe Almeida Diniz1, Thaurus Vinícius de Oliveira Cavalcanti1, Virgínia Maria Barros de Lorena3.ACUTE EFFECTS OF STRENGTH TRAINING WITH DIFFERENT INTENSITIES ON INFLAMMATORY MARKERS OF GRADE III OBESE WOMEN .International Journal of Aesthetic Medicine and Health, 2021, 4:9. DOI: 10.28933/ijamh-2021-06-2005
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