Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy
IMPACT OF MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS
Lívia Lócio Rosado de Oliveira¹*; William Barros Agrelli Girão2; Eduardo Tomilheiro de Farias 3; Mateus Cotias Filizola4, Wirley Matias Alves Martins Duarte5; Edmundo de Oliveira Gaudêncio Vínculos6
1Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde,2, 3,4 Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 5Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade UFCG; 6Professor Associado II da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande.
Introduction: Psychoactive substances can cause disorders that differ from each other and varying severity and diverse symptomatology. Enabling complications in the family and social environment of the user, in addition to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Alcohol is a psychoactive substance most used by the Brazilian population, followed by caffeine, opiates, cannabinoids, cocaine and crack, with high levels of simultaneous use of two or more substances. In Brazil, it is estimated that psychoactive imports will increase, especially among young people. Objective: To analyze data from years 2014 to 2018, for example from the state of Pernambuco state with more than 100 case cases in the period. Methodology: This is a study in secondary databases, conducted from the Basic data indicator of Brazil, using the health information system, using the quantitative analysis of variables. Results: The number of new occurrences between 2014 and 2018 increased by 1.4 times. Of a total of 2971 cases, 75.3% were treated non-urgently and sometimes more often than women. The working age population (between 15 and 60 years old) presented 94.3% of new cases among those under 15 years old and over 60 years old, with the largest number of new cases in the range of 20 to 29 years old, representing 34%. Discussion: In general, there was a significant increase in the number of new cases in the population of the state of Pernambuco. Men and their age status have been progressively classified as important risk factors for mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use. In addition, a proportion of emergency care indicates a severity of the disorder that has occurred. Conclusion: Injections in psychoactive therapies focus on health focused on psychoactive disorders, with emphasis on health promotion focused on males. The case to disregard the increasing increases of new cases over the years is to enable the dissemination of conflicts that affect the user, increasing morbidity and mortality, but also family members and social inclusion.
Keywords: Epidemiology; Mental health; Alcohol consumption; Street drugs.
How to cite this article:
Lívia Lócio Rosado de Oliveira; William Barros Agrelli Girão; Eduardo Tomilheiro de Farias; Mateus Cotias Filizola, Wirley Matias Alves Martins Duarte; Edmundo de Oliveira Gaudêncio Vínculos . IMPACT OF MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS.International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy, 2020, 3:13. DOI: 10.28933/ijart-2020-01-2008