The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes


The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes


 Saadet Merih Cengel1*, Onur Noyan1, Nesrin Dilbaz1

 1Uskudar University.


 Rationale: The significance of this research stems from the impact implicit attitudes have on smoking behavior, where positive implicit attitudes can result in a greater likelihood of smoking behavior. Even though it has previously been argued that implicit attitudes can drive addictive behavior there is a lack of research on whether cigarette packaging has an influence on implicit attitudes.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of plain cigarette packaging and designed/logo cigarette packaging on implicit attitudes.

Methods: Implicit attitudes towards cigarette packaging were assessed by means of the Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT). A questionnaire was conducted to assess sociodemographic and smoking behavior. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used to assess level of dependence. The sample consisted of 264 participants.

Results: BIAT indicate a significant association between designed/logo cigarette packaging and positive implicit attitudes (Mean d-score > .15). Cigarette packaging design’s influence on implicit attitudes is positive (Mean d-score = .22), where there is a slight association between designed/logo packaging and positive implicit attitudes.

Conclusions: When compared with plain packaging, designed/logo cigarette packaging leads to positive implicit attitudes. These findings support the effectiveness of plain packaging regulations where the removal of color, design and logo from cigarette packaging will decrease positive implicit attitudes formed by cigarette packaging.


Keywords: implicit attitudes, plain packaging, cigarette packaging, addiction

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How to cite this article:

Saadet Merih Cengel, Onur Noyan, Nesrin Dilbaz. The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes. International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy, 2021; 4:24. DOI: 10.28933/ijart-2020-12-1305


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