IJCR (2020), Volume 4

Bronchial Artery Embolization for Life-Threatening Massive Hemoptysis in a young female patient: A case report

Bronchial Artery Embolization for Life-Threatening Massive Hemoptysis in a young female patient: A case report
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Bronchial Artery Embolization for Life-Threatening Massive Hemoptysis in a young female patient: A case report Mohammed H Habib1*, Mohammed Hillis2 and Khaled H Alkhodari3 1Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Catheterization, Al-Shifa Hospital, Palestine 2Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Al-Shifa Hospital, Palestine 3The Islamic University of Gaza, Palestine Introduction: Massive hemoptysis is a potentially life-threatening respiratory emergency mandating immediate management. It is defined as expectoration of 300 to 600 mL of blood in a period of 24 hours. The most common etiologies include bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, neoplasm, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and other infections. While only five percent of hemoptysis is massive, some studies report a mortality rate of up to 80 percent in this subgroup, mainly due to asphyxiation. One of the novel ways to manage the later condition is transarterial embolization of the bronchial artery, which is minimally invasive, well tolerated relatively safe procedure. Here we present a case presents with massive hemoptysis due to iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula happened as a complication of ...

Large Posterior Vaginal Wall Inclusion Cyst after Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair

Large Posterior Vaginal Wall Inclusion Cyst after Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair
Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Large Posterior Vaginal Wall Inclusion Cyst after Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair Jawaher Alsahabi.MD1 and Elham Bamanie.MD2 1Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery Fellow, National Guard Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  Riyadh; 2Urogynecology Anddpelvic Reconstructive Surgery Consultant, National Guard Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  Riyadh Introduction: Large posterior vaginal wall inclusion cysts are rarely reported. According to our review, this case is the largest such cyst reported after posterior vaginal repair. Aim: We present the successful excision of a very large posterior vaginal wall inclusion cyst that developed after posterior vaginal wall repair. Methods: A 44 year old patient presented with a 7 cm symptomatic posterior vaginal wall cyst 5 years after posterior vaginal wall repair. She underwent aspiration of the cyst twice with recurrence before successful surgical excision. Results: The patient recovered without complications. Histopathology revealed a benign inclusion cyst. Conclusions: Although most epidermal inclusion cysts are asymptomatic and can be managed expectantly, cysts that enlarge or become symptomatic should be excised ...