Spartial Distribution of Phytochemical and Antifungal Evaluation of Six Medicinal Plants in South-West, Nigeria

Spartial Distribution of Phytochemical and Antifungal Evaluation of Six Medicinal Plants in South-West, Nigeria

*Oladejo, S. O.1, Olawuyi, O. J.2, Awoniran D.R.1 and Mudasiru, O. M.3

1Department of GIS, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
2, 3Department of Botany, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

The phytochemical and antifungal evaluations of the leaves of six plant species (Chromolaena odorata, Euphorbia hirta, Ficus asperifolia, Momordica charantia, Nicotiana tabacum and Spondias mombin) in Nigeria were studied. The leaves of these plants were collected from the wild, air-dried and pulverized into fine powder for the phytochemical constituents and minimum Inhibitory concentrations. The powdered leaves were screened and results were properly recorded as observed. Based on MIC, water extract of sample A Euphorbia hirta (6,620mg/100g, sample B Spondias mombin (6,51mg/100g), Sample C Nicotiana tabacum (7,210mg/100g), sample D 97,010mg/100g), sample E Chromolaena odorata (5,420mg/100g), sample F (6,960mg/100g), sample G Momordica charantia, sample H Ficus asperifolia (65030mg/100), sample I (7,480mg/100g).
For acetone extract of sample A (4,978mg/100g), Sample B (5,470mg/100g), sample C (4,450mg/100g,) sample G (4,560mg/100g), sample E (3,870mg/100g), sample F (4810mg/100g). sample G (4,560mg/100g, sample H (4,780mg/100g), sample 1 (4,700mg/100g), For hexane extract of sample A(3,640mg/100), sample B (4125mg/100g), sample C (3,37smg/100). sample D (3,335mg/100g), sample E (3,310mg/100g, sample F (3,648mg/100g), sample G (3,425mg/100g sample H (3,940mg/100g sample I (3,560mg/100g). For bacitracin extract of sample A (3,927mg/100g), sample B (3, 926mg/100g), sample C (3,775mg/100g), sample D (3,877mg/100g), sample E (3,7825mg/100g sample F (3,810mg/100g), sample G (3,606mg/100g), sample H (3,676mg/100g), sample I (3,810mg/100g).
Phytochemical constituuents present includes tannin, phenol, saponins, alkaloids, phylate, oxalate, cyanogenic glycosides, trypsin inhibitor and flavonoids. It is therefore recommended that Euphorbia hirta, Ficus asperifolia, Momordica charantia, Nicotiana tabacum, Spondias mombin and Chromolaena odorata can be used as source for antibiotics substances for possible treatment of ailments like malaria, asthma, diabetes, fibroids, hypertension, epilepsy, fever and some mycotic infections.

Keywords: Antifungal evaluation, Plant extracts, Phytochemicals, Nigerian medicinal plants, Botanical description, Constituuents,Euphorbia hirta, Ficus asperifolia, Momordica charantia, Nicotiana tabacum and Spondias mombin .

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How to cite this article:
Oladejo, S. O., Olawuyi, O. J. Awoniran D.R. and Mudasiru, O. M.Spartial Distribution of Phytochemical and Antifungal Evaluation of Six Medicinal Plants in South-West, Nigeria.International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2018, 3:11. DOI: 10.28933/ijctm-2018-09-1501


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