Oral Manifestations in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Oral Manifestations in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Santos, P. M. F.¹, Sales, F.G.M.¹, Teles, L.X.S.¹, Silva, N.C.¹, Vieira, A.C.B.¹, Arruda, H.S.A.²

1Estudantes do Curso de Odontologia – UFPE;
2Pesquisador do departamento de Embriologia/Histologia da UFPE

American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews

Introduction: The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an advanced clinical manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is characterized by host immunosuppression, manifested by a wide variety of clinical signs and symptoms, many of which are observed in the oral cavity. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate oral manifestations among HIV positive patients and to identify factors associated with such manifestations. Methodology: This article was elaborated from a literature review, firstly, carrying out a bibliographical survey about the chosen theme from scientific articles, from 1990 to 2017 and then selecting the articles that fit the pre-established objectives. Results: Candidiasis and Periodontitis were the oral manifestations found more often. On the other hand, Leukoplasia, herpes and Kaposi’s sarcoma were not found as much as the others. In this analysis, there was a greater risk among patients with low schooling, smokers, with a longer time of HIV infection and higher viral load. Conclusion: The studies confirm the high prevalence of opportunistic oral manifestations due to the infection that compromises the immune system, which causes depletion in the immunological function of the oral mucosa, making it susceptible to several diseases.

Keywords: Immunity; Oral Manifestations; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

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How to cite this article:
Santos, P. M. F., Sales, F.G.M., Teles, L.X.S., Silva, N.C., Vieira, A.C.B., Arruda, H.S.A.Oral Manifestations in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:2


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