Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews
Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH): Estimating prevalence and characteristics among children of Pune, Maharashtra
Dr Devashish1, Dr Sanjeev Datana, MDS (Orthodontics)2, Dr SS Agarwal, MDS (Orthodontics)3, Dr SK Bhandari, MDS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)4
1MDS (Pedodontics and preventive dentistry); 2Assoc Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India; 3Asst Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India; 4Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India
Background: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is a qualitative defect of enamel mineralisation with worldwide presence. In India, most data has been have been published from North and South India and not much data has been published from West and East India. Aim: To estimate the prevalence, defect characteristics and severity of MIH among children of Pune, Maharashtra. Method: This cross-sectional study included 1080 children in the age range of 8-12 years, studying in Zila Parishad Primary Schools from Pune, Maharashtra, India. The dental examination was conducted for the diagnosis of MIH by a single well-trained and calibrated pedodontist in day light conditions using the EAPD 2003 criteria. The teeth were examined in wet condition. The data was collected and recorded in MS excel sheets and subjected to statistical analysis.Statistical Analysis: All the analyses were carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 22.0 version (Chicago, Inc., USA). To compare the dichotomous variables Chi-square/Fisher exact test was used. P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Prevalence of MIH in Pune population was found to be 8.3% without any gender difference. Mandibular molars were more frequently affected as compared to maxillary molars. The most commonly affected tooth was mandibular right first permanent molar. Mild defects were seen in 79.8% and severe defects in 20.2 % out of all the MIH affected teeth. Conclusions: MIH is an important topic for public health relevance; because of its progressive deterioration, it can cause significant morbidity in the affected teeth. Knowledge about its prevalence, characteristics and treatment needs is highly imperative for an early diagnosis and management. Prevalence of MIH in Maharashtra population was found to be similar to most of the studies evaluating children in India.
Keywords: Enamel opacities, Molar incisal hypomineralization, MIH, MIH Severity, Clinical characteristics.
How to cite this article:
Devashish, Sanjeev Datana, SS Agarwal, SK Bhandari. Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH): Estimating prevalence and characteristics among children of Pune, Maharashtra. International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews, 2019, 2:11.. DOI: 10.28933/ijdrr-2019-02-2305
1. Elfrink ME, Ghanim A, Manton DJ, Weerheijm KL. Standardised studies on molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) and hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM): a need. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2015;16(3):247-55.
2. Koch G, Hallonsten AL, Ludvigsson N, Hansson BO, Holst A, Ullbro C. Epidemiologic study of idiopathic enamel hypomineralization in permanent teeth of Swedish children. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1987; 15: 279-85.
3. Leppäniemi A, Lukinmaa PL, Alaluusua S. Non-fluo¬ride hypomineralization in the permanent first molars and their impact on the treatment need. Caries Res 2001; 35:36-40.
4. van Amerongen WE, Kreulen M. Cheese molars: A pilot study of the etiology of hypocalcifications in first permanent molars. J Dent Child 1995; 62:266-9.
5. Weerheijm KL. Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH): clinical presentation, aetiology and management. Dent Update. 2004; 31:9–12.
6. Neusa Barros Dantas‐Neta, Mariana Soares Figueiredo, Cacilda Castelo Branco Lima et al. Factors associated with molar-incisor hypomineralisation in school children aged 8-10 years: a case-control study. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2018 ;28(6):570-7.
7. de Lima MD, Andrade MJ, Dantas-Neta NB, Andrade NS, Teixeira RJ, de Moura MS, de Deus M, de Fátima Almeida L. Epidemiologic study of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in schoolchildren in north-eastern Brazil. Pediatric dentistry. 2015 15;37(7):513-9.
8. Souza JF, Jeremias F, Costa-Silva CM, Santos-Pinto L, Zuanon AC, Cordeiro RD. Aetiology of molar–incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) in Brazilian children. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2013 1;14(4):233-8.
9. Zhao D, Dong B, Yu D, Ren Q, Sun Y. The prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization: evidence from 70 studies. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2018;28:170‐9.
10. Cho SY, Ki Y, Chu V. Molar incisor hypomineralization in Hong Kong Chinese children. Int J Paediatr Dent 2008; 18: 348–52.
11. Soviero V, Haubek D, Trindade C, Da Matta T, Poulsen S. Prevalence and distribution of demarcated opacities and their sequelae in permanent 1st molars and incisors in 7 to 13-year-old Brazilian children. Acta Odontol Scand 2009; 67: 170–5.
12. Weerheijm KL, Duggal MS, Mejàre I, Papagianoulis L et al. Judgement criteria for Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) in epidemiologic studies. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2003;4:110-4.
13. Americano GC, Jacobsen PE, Soviero VM, Haubek D. A systematic review on the association between molar incisor hypomineralization and dental caries. Int J Paediatr Dent 2017; 27: 11–21.
14. Kalkani M, Balmer R C, Homer R M, Day P F, Duggal M S. Molar incisor hypomineralisation: experience and perceived challenges among dentists specialising in paediatric dentistry and a group of general dental practitioners in the UK. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2016; 17: 81–8.
15. Ghanim A, Silva M J, Elfrink ME et al. Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) training manual for clinical field surveys and practice. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2017; 18: 225–42.
16. Lygidakis NA. Treatment modalities in children with teeth affected by molar-incisor enamel hypomineralisation (MIH): A systematic review. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2010; 11: 65–74.
17. Lygidakis NA, Wong F, Jälevik B et al. Best Clinical Practice Guidance for clinicians dealing with children presenting with Molar-Incisor-hypomineralisation (MIH): An EAPD Policy Document. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2010;11:75-81
18. Ghanim A, Mariño R, Manton DJ. Validity and reproducibility testing of the Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) Index. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 2019;29(1):6-13.
19. Mittal N, Sharma BB. Molar incisor hypomineralization: Prevalence and defect characteristics in Indian schoolchildren. J Cranio-Maxillary Dis. 2015;4(1):49-56.
20. Parikh DR, Ganesh M, Bhaskar V. Prevalence and characteristics of Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) in the child population residing in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2012 ;13(1):21-6.
21. Yannam SD, Amarlal D, Rekha CV. Prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization in school children aged 8-12 years in Chennai. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2016 ;34(2):134.
22. Bhaskar SA, Hegde S. Molar-incisor hypomineralization: Prevalence, severity and clinical characteristics in 8-to 13-year-old children of Udaipur, India. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2014;32(4):322.
23. Lygidakis NA, Dimou G, Briseniou E. Molar-incisor-hypomineralisation (MIH). Retrospective clinical study in Greek children. I. Prevalence and defect characteristics. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2008;9(4):200-6.
24. Jasulaityte L, Veerkamp JS, Weerheijm KL. Molar incisor hypomineralization: review and prevalence data from a study of primary school children in Kaunas (Lithuania). European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2007;8(2):87-94.
25. Kuscu OO, Caglar E, Aslan S, Durmusoglu E, Karademir A, Sandalli N. The prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in a group of children in a highly polluted urban region and a windfarm‐green energy island. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 2009;19(3):176-85.
26. Mishra A, Pandey RK. Molar incisor hypomineralization: an epidemiological study with prevalence and etiological factors in Indian pediatric population. International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry. 2016;9(2):167.
27. Rai A, Singh A, Menon I, Singh J, Rai V, Aswal GS. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization: Prevalence and Risk Factors Among 7-9 Years Old School Children in Muradnagar, Ghaziabad. The open dentistry journal. 2018;12:714.
28. Subramaniam P, Gupta T, Sharma A. Prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization in 7–9-year-old children of Bengaluru City, India. Contemporary clinical dentistry. 2016;7(1):11.
29. Chawla N, Messer LB, Silva M. Clinical studies on molar-incisor-hypomineralisation part 1: distribution and putative associations. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2008;9:180–90.
30. Zawaideh FI, Al-Jundi SH, Al-Jaljoli MH. Molar incisor hypomineralisation: prevalence in Jordanian children and clinical characteristics. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2011;12(1):31-6.
31. Jalevik B. Prevalence and diagnosis of molar-incisor-hypomineralisation (MIH): a systematic review. European archives of paediatric dentistry. 2010;11(2):59-64.
32. Weerheijm KL, Jalevik B, Alaluusua S. Molar-incisor hypomineralisation. Caries Res 2001;35(5):390-1.
33. Mittal NP, Goyal A, Gauba K, Kapur A. Molar incisor hypomineralisation: prevalence and clinical presentation in school children of the northern region of India. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2014;15(1):11-8.
34. Mittal N, Sharma BB. Hypomineralised second primary molars: prevalence, defect characteristics and possible association with Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation in Indian children. European archives of paediatric dentistry. 2015;16(6):441-7.
35. Preusser SE, Ferring V, Wleklinski C, Wetzel WE. Prevalence and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization in a region of Germany–a brief communication. Journal of public health dentistry. 2007;67(3):148-50.
36. Alaluusua S. Aetiology of molar-incisor hypomineralisation: a systematic review. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2010;11(2):53-8.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.