Research article of International Journal of Marketing Research
Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town in Oromia Regional State
Addis Ababa University,Department of Public Administration and Development Management
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of leadership on governance effectiveness in Dukem town. The population of this study were development team coordinators, representatives of private business organizations, and community institutions of the town. In addition, cabinet members and civil servants of the town administration were the target population for the source of data in this assessment. A total of 145 samples were selected using purposive and random sampling methods. The findings show that important traits of a leader that results in effective and better performance were missing. The informants argued that poor commitment is noticeable in the implementation of good governance in the town. Leaders are promoted to higher positions without being sufficiently prepared for the leadership role and with less sufficient understanding of the significance of good governance principles. In addition, lack of competence, inefficient and ineffective monitoring and evaluation system were major factors that contributed to ineffectiveness of leadership practices of the town administration. This poor achievement is manifested in poor coordination with stakeholders, rent seeking attitudes and poor commitment of the leadership and employees. Although various initiatives have been pursed in Oromia National Regional State to ensure good governance such as citizen charter, fighting rent seeking attitudes and making some arrangements in running town affairs, still ineffective leadership and bad governance is reported in different urban centers of the region.
Keywords: Governance, Leadership, town administration, accountability, responsiveness
How to cite this article:
Jemal Abagissa.Governance and Leadership Practices and Challenges in Ethiopia. The Case of Dukem Town in Oromia Regional State. International Journal of Marketing Research, 2019,1:4.
1. ADB – Asian Development Bank, (1999): Governance in Asia: From Crisis to Opportunity,Annual Report, Manila: ADB.
2. Auclair, C., & Jackohango, A. (2009). Good Urban Governance: Towards an Effective Private Sector Engagement. Nanjing: Private Sector Unit, UN-HABITAT – WORKING GROUP B.
3. Banachowicz, B., & Danielewicz, J. (2004). Urban Governance: The New Concept of urban Management. Chicago: IL: University of Illinois.
4. Bevir, M. (2011). Governance as Theory, Practice, and Dilemma. In The Sage Handbook of Governance, ed. M. Bevir. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1–16.
5. Bingham LB, Nabatch T, O’Leary (2005). The New Governance: Practices and Processes for Stakeholder and Citizen Participation in the Work of Government. Public Admin. Rev..65 (5): 547-558.
6. Clarke, G. (1991), Urban Management in Developing Countries. A critical role’. Cities May, 93-107.
7. Curtin, D. M., Wessel, R. A., (2005): Good Governance and the European Union: Reflections on Concepts, Institutions and Substance, Antwerp: Intersentia.
8. Davey, K. (1993). Elements of Urban Management. World Bank, Washington DC.
9. Da´vila, J. (2009). Being a mayor: The view from four Colombian Cities. Environment and Urbanization 21, 37-57.
10. DiribaDadi, Till Stellmacher, et.al .(2015), the Impact of Industrialization on Land Use and Livelihoods in Ethiopia: Agricultural Land Conversion around Gelan and Dukem Town, Oromia Region. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/. Accessed January 2018.
11. Dukem Town Administration, (2012). Annual report of the town on administration. Dukem: Unpublished Report.
12. University of Birmingham, Institute of Local Government Studies and Third Sector Research Centre
13. Edgar Pieterse (2000) Participatory Urban Governance Practical Approaches, Regional Trends and Ump Experiences. UNCHS (Habitat), Nairobi, Kenya
14. Edmundo Werna (1995),The Management of Urban Development, Or The Development Of Urban Management? Problems and Premises of an Elusive Concept. Cities, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 353-359, 1995 Elsevier Science Ltd Printed in Great Britain.
15. Ethiopian Ministry of Works and Urban Development (2006), ‘Urban Good Governance Package’.Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
16. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE). April 2001. Service Delivery Policy in the Civil Service. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
17. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Works and Urban Development (2007), Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty: Plan for Urban Development and Urban Good Governance, Ethiopia.
18. Franklin Obeng-Odoom (2012) On the Origin, Meaning, and Evaluation of Urban Governance, Norsk GeografiskTidsskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography, 66:4, 204-212, DOI: 10.1080/00291951.2012.707989
19. Haus, M. & Klausen, J. (2011). Urban Leadership And Community Involvement: Ingredients for Good Governance? Urban Affairs Review 47, 256-279.
20. Graham J., Amos B., Plumptre, T., (2003): Principles for Good Governance in the 21st
21. Century, Policy Brief No. 15, Institute on Governance, Ottawa, Canada.
22. Hambleton, R. (2003). City Leadership and the New Public Management– a Cross National Analysis. Washington DC: Georgetown Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University.
23. Healey, P., Cameron, S., Davoudi, S. EtAlds) (1995) Managing Cities: The New Urban Context. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
24. Hunter, D. and Marks, L. (2002). Decision – Making Processes for Effective Policy Implementation. Accessed from www.nice.org.uk/aboutnice on the 09/08/2018
25. Kaufman, D., Kraay, A., and Zoido-Lobaton, P. (1999) Governance Matters. Policy Research Working Paper 2196. Washington DC: The World Bank.
26. Kearns, A. & Paddison, R. (2000). New Challenges for Urban Governance. Urban Studies 37, 845850
27. Lisa Blomgren, Bingham Tina Nabatchi, RsemaryO’Leary (2005): Practices and Processes for Stakeholder and Citizen Participation in the Work of Government. Public Administration Review, September/October 2005, Vol. 65, No. 5
28. Kenneth J. Davey, (1993) “Elements of Urban Management’’, Urban Management Programme Discussion Paper No.11, UNCHS/World Bank, 1993.
29. Mark Goodwin (2009), Which Networks Matter in Education Governance? A Reply to Ball’s ‘New Philanthropy, New Networks and New Governance in Education’. Political Studies: 2009 VOL 57, 680–687
30. Mattingly, M. (1994). Reply: Meaning of Urban Management. Cities 11,201-205.
31. McGill, R. (1998). Urban Management in Developing Countries. Cities. Elsevier Science Ltd. Pergamon Printed in Great Britain
32. Meskerem Shiferaw( 2007), “Situation Analysis of Local Governance in Ethiopia, Status of Local Governance At Woreda/District Level In Ethiopia” ,Written for the 4th International Conference on Ethiopian Studies, organized by Western Michigan University, August 2007.
33. Mohiddin, A., (2004): Innovations, Governance and Public Administration for Poverty Reduction: Overview of Concepts, Issues and Practical Implications in: Searching for Innovations in Governance and Public Administration for Poverty Reduction
34. MoFED. (2006a). Ethiopia: Building on Progress: a Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) 2005/06-2009/10, Volume I: Main Text, Addis Ababa.
35. MoFED. (2006b). Ethiopia: Building on Progress: A Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) 2005/06-2009/10, Volume II: Policy Matrix, Addis Ababa.
36. MUWD, (2006).Urban Development Policy (Amharic).Addis Ababa: Ethiopia.
37. MUDHCo. (2012). Urban Developmental Good Governance.Building Framework and Implementation Strategy Document (2004 E.C, in Amharic), Addis Ababa.
38. MUDHCo. (2013). Urban Development Policy-Third Edition (2005 E.C. in Amharic). Addis Ababa.
39. MUDHCo, 2014). The Guiding Principles, Which Are Articulated in the Revised Urban Developmental Good Governance Capacity Building Framework and Implementation Strategies
40. Nanda, V.P., (2006), The “Good Governance” Concept Revisited, in: the ANNALS of the American Academy Political and Social Science, Vol. 63(1), 269-283.
41. Newman, J. 2004. Constructing Accountability: Network Governance and Managerial Agency. Public Policy and Administration 19, 1733.
42. NESCAP. (2009, January 23). What is Good Governance? Retrieved April 2018, from UNESCAP:
43. http://www.unescap.org/pdd/prs/ProjectActivities/Ongoing/gg/governance.a sp
44. OBCSG report (2012).Oromia Region Bureau of Civil Service and Good Governance, an assessment on state of Good Governance. Unpublished Report.
45. OECD, 2005.Local Governance and the Drivers of Growth, Paper, 2nd Edition
46. The World Bank. (1994). Governance, the World Bank’s Experience. Washington, D.C. The Development in Practice series.
47. OECD, O. f. (1995). Participatory Development and Good Governance. Retrieved September 28, 2013, from OECD, Better Policies for Better Lives:
48. Othman, Zaleha and Rahman, Rashidah Abdul ( 2014) “Attributes of Ethical Leadership inLeading Good Governance.” International Journal of Business and Society, Vol. 15 No. 2. pp: 359 – 372.
49. Rai, M. (2004). Local Governance Globally: Legal Frameworks. New Delhi: RIA,LogoLinkLeiden: International Public Management and Public Policy (IMP)
50. Rhodes Raw (1996). The New Governance: Governing without Government. Political Stud., 44: 652-667.
51. Soludo,Chukwuma C. (2007) “Creating Effective Governance and Leadership for Sustained National Prosperity.” Paper Presentation at the 12th Murtala Muhammed Memorial
52. Stoker G (1998). Governance as Theory: five propositions. UNESCO: pp. 17-28.
53. Stren, R. 1993. ‘Urban management’ in development assistance: An elusive concept. Cities 10, 125-138.
54. Stewart, K. (2006). Designing good urban governance indicators: The importance of citizen participation and its evaluation in Greater Vancouver. Elsevier, pp. 196–204
55. Streeten, P. (2002). Good Governance: History and Development of the Concept . New York.
56. Stivers C (2009). Governance in Dark Times, Practical Philosophy for Public Service. Barnes and Noble
57. Shimels Fitru (2016), Assessment of Quality Service and Customer Satisfaction in Land Development and Urban Renewal Office: The Case of AkakiKaliti Sub City. MA thesis. St. Mary University. Accessed on January 23, 2018
58. Simonis, Udo E. (2004): Defining good governance – the conceptual competition is on, Discussion Papers, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin fürSozialforschung.
59. Tibaijuka, K. 2009. Building Prosperity: Housing and Economic Development. London, Earths can.
60. UN-HABITAT (2004a), Urban Governance Index: Conceptual Foundation and Field Test Report, Nairobi, Kenya. Available from: www.unhabitat.org/governance. (Accessed on 06/06/2018).
61. UNDP. 2003. Human Development Report 2003. Oxford University Press, New York.
62. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) (2002) The Global Campaign on Urban Governance. Concept Paper, 2nd Edition. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT.
63. UN-HABITAT. (2002). Principles of Good Urban Governance. Retrieved May 2018, from UN-HABITAT: http://ww2.unhabitat.org/campaigns/governance/Principles.asp
64. UN – United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Division for Public Administrations and Development Management, (2007): Public Governance Indicators: A Literature Review, New York.
65. UNDP, 2011. Governance for sustainable human development. New York.UNECA, 2003, the UNECA and good governance in Africa.
66. UN-Habitat 2004. Urban Gouvernance Toolkit Series. Nairobi: UN-HABITAT.
67. UNDP (2001) Country Assessment in Accountability and Transparency (CONTACT), New York: The United Nations Development Programme.
68. UN-HABITAT. (2002). Principles of Good Urban Governance . Retrieved May 2013, from UN-HABITAT: http://ww2.unhabitat.org/campaigns/governance/Principles.asp
69. UN-Habitat – United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Transparency International,(2004): Tools to Support Transparency in Local Governance, Urban Governance Toolkit
70. Series, Nairobi: UN-Habitat.
71. United Nation,(1999):World Conference on Governance, Manila, 1999, Development Administration, Newsletter of The Division for Public Economics and Public Administration,
72. UNDP – United Nation Development Programme, (1997): Reconceptualising Governance, Discussion Paper 2. Management Development and Governance Division, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support, New York: United Nations Development Programme.
73. UNDP – United Nations Development Programme, (2002): PAR Master Programme: results and learning, 2001–2002, Ministry of Home Affairs and UNDP Joint Paper for the Vietnam Consultative Group Meeting, United Nations Development Programme, Hanoi
74. UN-Habitat. (2014). Structural Transformation in Ethiopia: The Urban Dimension, Nairobi. United Nations Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations E-Government Survey
75. Wescott, C., G., (2003): Hierarchies, Networks and Local Government in Vietnam, Working Paper 241, Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.
76. Wilde, A., Narang, S., Laberge, M. and Moretto, L. (2008) A Users’ Guide to Measuring Local Governance. Oslo: UNDP Oslo Governance Centre.
77. WILLIAMS, R. (1983) Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. London: Fontana.
78. World Bank (2006). Governance and Anti Corruption. Washington DC: World Bank. Available from: http:‘‘info.worldbank.org/governance/kkz2004/maps.html. (Accessed on 22/03/2018).
79. World Bank (1992) Governance and Development. Washington DC: World Bank. (UNDP link http://mirror.undp.org/magnet/policy/summary.htm)
80. World Bank (1989), Sub-Saharan Africa, from Crisis to Sustainable Growth. Report Number 8209; Volume No 1.
81. World Bank. (1994). Governance, the World Bank’s Experience. Washington, D.C. The Development in Practice series.
82. World Bank. (1997). Development Report 1997: The State in a Changing World.: Oxford University Press. . Retrieved July 2018, from The world Bank, the complete World Development Report Online: http://wdronline.worldbank.org/worldbank/a/c.html/world_development_re port_1997/abstract/WB.0-1952-1114-6.abstract
83. World Bank. 1992. Governance and Development. World Bank, Washington DC. World Bank. 2003. World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work or People. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.