International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


MAGUEREZ ARCH AS A METHODOLOGY FOR APPLICABILITY OF ACTIONS IN ADHESION TO ALCOHOL TREATMENT

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy MAGUEREZ ARCH AS A METHODOLOGY FOR APPLICABILITY OF ACTIONS IN ADHESION TO ALCOHOL TREATMENT Carla Suzana Balbino da Silva Miranda¹*, Arely de Macêdo Bona², Flávia Alessandra Bezerra Furtado³, Márcia Vannusa Vieira4, Maria Jamisse de Araújo Oliveira5; Vanessa de Morais Braga6; ¹*Mestranda na Universidade Estadual do Ceará (UECE), ²Mestranda UECE; ³Mestranda UECE; 4Mestranda UECE; 5Mestranda UECE; 6Mestranda UECE Introduction: The active methodology is an educational conception that stimulates critical-reflexive teaching-learning processes. Objective to apply the Arco de Maguerez in the Jardim Oasis community, in the municipality of Iguatu-CE. Methodology: The first method was applied to the Hanlon method, in which priorities were established, based on the criteria of magnitude, severity, effectiveness and feasibility. Each criterion was analyzed using numerical score scores: magnitude (1-10); severity (1-10), effectiveness (0.5-1.5) and feasibility (0 or 1). It was through the observational analysis that the problematization “difficulty in adhering to the treatment of alcoholism” was highlighted. As a methodological framework, he used the Maguerez Arch based on “five steps”: observation of reality; key points of the problem; theorization; hypotheses of solution; application of action in reality. Results: First Step - Observation of Concrete Reality. Second Step - Determination of Key Posts Third Step - Theorizing: There is a consensus in the literature on the low adherence rate of dependents, the dropout rates are generally above 50%. The literature found that more than 50% of patients evade in the first month. Fourth Step - Solution Hypotheses: Establish Links; inform; use harm reduction policy. Step Five - Application to Reality; Action plans to improve the problem in the reference territory. Conclusion: It was understood that despite being a pedagogical instrument focused on the teaching - learning process, it can be fully applied in the daily routine of health services, ...

Socio-demographic correlates of heavy drinking after hospital discharge among Thai alcohol-dependent patients: 6-month follow-up

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Socio-demographic correlates of heavy drinking after hospital discharge among Thai alcohol-dependent patients: 6-month follow-up Soontaree Srikosai1, Sirisak Thitidilokrat2, Hathaichonnee Booncharoen3, Doungdaen Chainoy4, Apisak Wittayanookulluk5, Napatsorn Rungsiwaroj5, Lasita Srithammachart 5                 1Rajanagarindra Institute of Child Development, Department of Mental Health, Thailand; 2Srithanya Hospital, Department of Mental Health, Thailand; 3Mental Health Center Region; 4Department of Mental Health, Thailand; 4Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital, Department of Mental Health, Thailand; 5Thanyarak Chiangmai Hospital, Department of Medicine, Thailand Background: After receiving in-patient treatment for alcohol abuse, alcohol-dependent patients (ADP) are at risk to return to heavy drinking. Little has been known regarding the correlates of socio-demographic and heavy drinking within 6-month after inpatient treatment. Objectives: This study aims to examine the socio-demographic correlates of heavy drinking among Thai ADP after hospital discharge within six-months. Methods: A prospective cohort study of 618 ADP who received inpatient treatment at two tertiary care hospitals in Northern Thailand between July and December 2014. Heavy drinking is defined by the World Health Organization as ≥5 standard drinks for men and ≥4 standard drinks for women per occasion. Heavy drinking data was collected using a Timeline Follow Back Calendar (TLFB) every month after discharge. Other measures included the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Alcohol Craving Control (ACC), Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ), and demographic questionnaires. Results: 618 participants present with a mean age of 43.28 (SD=10.01) years, 94.2% male, 216 (35%) reported that family members are drinkers, and 400 (70.7%) continue to exhibit heavy drinking behaviour. The logistic regression model revealed that age at onset of alcohol use was correlated with heavy drinking after hospital discharge within 6 months (p<.01). Conclusions/Importance: Many socio-demographic factors were analysed as potential correlates of a return to heavy-drinking. The only relevant ...

IMPACT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDER DUE TO THE USE OF ALCOHOL IN THE PERNAMBUCO POPULATION: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy IMPACT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDER DUE TO THE USE OF ALCOHOL IN THE PERNAMBUCO POPULATION: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS Wirley Matias Alves Martins Duarte¹*; Lívia Lócio Rosado de Oliveira2; William Barros Agrelli Girão3; Mateus Cotias Filizola4; Eduardo Tomilheiro de Farias5; Edmundo de Oliveira Gaudêncio6 1Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade UFCG;  2Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Pernambucana de Saúde, 3,4,5 Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 6Professor Associado II da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande. Introduction: Alcohol abuse does not characterize a state of character or weakness, it is a physical and psychological dependence that manipulates a dependent’s conduct and interposes between the individual, a family and other social relationships. There are 3.3 million deaths per year, due to harmful use of alcohol, and ranks as the third disease that kills the most in the world. In Brazil, it is estimated that 4.2% of the population most likely to be abused or addicted, alarming compared to the world average. Objective: To analyze the prevalence data in new cases of mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol use, from 2014 to 2018 by sample of municipalities in the state of Pernambuco with more than 100 new cases in the period. Methodology: This is a study in secondary databases, conducted from the Brazilian Basic Data indicators, an integral tool of the health information system, using quantitative analysis of variables. Results: There was a reduction of 8% in new cases in 2018 when compared to 2014. The municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão had a greater relative reduction of new cases in the period, from 82 in 2014 to 5 new cases in 2018. Paulista presented 559 fewer new cases when ...

CANNABINOID POISONING IN CHILDREN: IMPORTANCE OF MULTIDRUG TESTING

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy CANNABINOID POISONING IN CHILDREN: IMPORTANCE OF MULTIDRUG TESTING Waleska Ramos Souza¹ *, Cinthya Maria Pereira² UNIFACISA¹, Teacher Dra of the Pharmacy Course UNIFACISA² Introduction: Cannabis sativa is one of the most commonly used recreational drugs, contains over 500 different clinical compounds and over 60 known cannabinoids. Drug abuse tests are widely used as hospital screening tests for poisoning diagnoses. Objective: This study aims to understand the types of drug abuse tests used in cases of acute cannabinoid poisoning, especially in children. Methodology: This was a literature review, having as source of research the databases UpToDate, NCBI Pubmed, Online Library (SCIELO) and Toxicology Manuals. As inclusion criteria were used publications from 2000 to 2019, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, related to the keywords. Discussion: Acute cannabis poisoning is a clinical diagnosis, however, diagnosis in children may be difficult, so drug screening in the urine may be helpful to confirm the diagnosis. Conclusion: These tests are easy to perform and cheap, having good specificity through their chemical structure, directing the immunoassay to the toxic agent. Keywords: cannabis sativa, accidents, toxic agent ...

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy

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